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date: 27 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In the wake of an era of political and social turmoil, the Oxford Movement represented an effort to recover the Catholic and apostolic patrimony of the Church of England. It had its precursors and background context, but burst forth in 1833 as a potentially disruptive force, challenging contemporaries and provoking opposition. Although the personality and genius of John Henry Newman lay at its heart, the Movement proved greater and more enduring than Newman’s personal Anglican history and took on new life after his departure for Rome in 1845. As the Movement moved away from its Oxford origins to the parishes and wider world, it became increasingly problematic, especially in the context of the rise of Ritualism, as to who could be considered its genuine descendants. Yet the Movement also exercised a profound influence, developing many variations and permutations, and its legacy continues to inform Church life.

Keywords: Anglo-Catholicism, French Revolution, Fathers of the Church, John Henry Newman, Ritualism, University of Oxford, Tracts for the Times, via media, sisterhoods, ecumenism

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