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date: 18 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

At its foundation, the Oxford Movement was characterized by a theory of religious knowledge drawn from Joseph Butler’s Analogy of Religion and Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, a theory which had particular influence on John Keble. Later, Keble’s original insights into religious knowledge were developed by Richard Hurrell Froude and John Henry Newman, and passed on to their students at Oriel and to others who came under their influence. This distinctive theory of knowledge, and especially of religious knowledge, was at the heart of the Movement’s varied intellectual contributions and inspired its activities. However, this theory of knowledge did not receive a full expression in any of their books, except perhaps in Newman’s University Sermons.

Keywords: Analogy of Religion, Joseph Butler, ethos, Nicomachean Ethics, private judgement, probability, real and notional knowledge, reserve

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