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date: 22 February 2020

(p. 1299) Subject Index

(p. 1299) Subject Index

fn indicates footnotes

A
ABC model 1254
abductive inference 696
abjection 601602, 607
acquired diffuse neurocognitive dysfunction 838
action
in depression 574575, 577, 582583
emotion and 621622
kinds of 576577
text and 335336
values and 754
actor-critic models 1072
adaptation 373
adaptivity 1086
addiction 851863
appetites 854855
autonomy 1195
brain mechanisms 858, 1077, 1195
compulsion and 862, 11931196
control 856860
definitions 852853
DSM definition 853854
ethics of 11931196
harm 860861
hijacked view 878
moral responsibility 1196
objective/subjective nature 862
personal level voluntary behavior 10771078
reward system 10771078
symptoms 853854
willing addicts 859
willpower 858
see also alcoholism
aesthetic values 759760
affect and affectivity 612628
affordances 620
atmospheres 616617
attunement 619
in depression 624
depth of affective experience 1092fn
development 564565
enactive approach 10861087, 10971098
existential feelings 614616
feeling of being alive 613614
intentionality 620621
interaffectivity 615, 624626
meaning and 627
mood and 617619
psychosis link 785
responsibility 500501
see also emotions
affective blame 11451146, 11491150
affective delusions 653
affordances 260, 620
African values-based practice 407
ageing 844845
agency
common sense conception 1137
in depression 574576, 11561158, 11611162
responsibility and 1137, 1141
agentive ownership 660661
alcoholism
Alcoholics Anonymous 868869, 872, 873, 874875
authority of alcoholics 867868
badge of manhood 879881
being at home in one’s body 882883
creativity 881882
cultural issues 866
deep self-identification 876879
in females 870871
(p. 1300) fictional memoirs 868
illusion of being able to control drinking 872875
as a lifestyle choice 870871, 876, 877, 878879
looping 866
memoirs of alcoholics 865886
’off switch’ malfunction 869, 870fn, 871fn, 874
perspectives 865866
recessive memoirs 869
romantics of drinking 881882
safety effects 883885
self-medication 884
true memoirs 868
variety of kinds of alcoholics 870871
willpower 873fn
alien thoughts 658, 664665
alterity 336
Alzheimer’s disease
discourse 311, 314315, 316
metformin for 836, 842
new research diagnostic criteria 843
syndromic approach 842
theory of mind 268
values 841844
see also dementia
analogy 278, 823824
anastrophe 638, 640, 642, 643, 644
ancient Greeks 16, 1920, 452; see also Aristotle; Plato
anger, mania and 806807
anonymity theory of consciousness 230235, 236
anorexia
as abjection 601602, 607
body shame 596
cultural issues 598599, 607
as a dissociative disorder 916917
fear of fat contamination 602
phenomenology 601602
anosognosia 550, 675679
anterior cingulate cortex 1075, 1217
antidepressants 134, 164, 1177, 11781180, 11871189
antipsychiatry 47, 48, 159160, 161, 388, 390
antipsychotics 791, 1177
antirealism 142, 146
antisocial personality disorder 268
anxiety and anxiety disorders 551568, 1178
anxiety neuroses 554
clinical prototypes 556
clinical/science interface 560563
cognitive approach 564, 565566
cognitive behavioral therapy 10391041
conceptual history 552556
Darwinian (ethological) approach 564
DSM description 560563
effectiveness of therapy 10381041
everyday and clinical understandings 556560
existential anxieties 558
feelings and 566
non-unitarian (behaviorist) approach 564
normative levels of anxiety 559
psychoneuroses 554
science/philosophy interface 563567
self-relational perspective 566567
spontaneous remission 1039
variety of manifestations 556
apophany 638, 640, 642, 643
apoptosis 264
appearances 44, 4546
appetites 854855
appraisal theory of emotion 565
Aristotle 3943, 4748, 4950, 189, 951
Arnold, Edward 2829
assent 44
asylums 128129
at-risk mental state (ARMS) criteria 780, 783784
atmospheres 616617
atomization of psychopathology 995
attachment 1265
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
self and 11761177
subtypes 743746
attenuated psychotic symptoms syndrome 791
attunement 619
auditory hallucinations 643
Augustine 23
authenticity 1188
authorship 225, 660
autism (spectrum disorder) 820831
(p. 1301) argument from analogy 823824
brain abnormalities 264
central coherence 264, 265
cognitive approaches 422424
communication development 829831
concept acquisition 825826
embodied and situated nature of 1095
emotional impairments 245, 829
false belief ability 261262, 821
identifying with others 827828
interaction theory 263264
interpersonal relating 241242, 824825
intersubjectivity 263264, 289
metarepresentation 822823
mindblindness theory 244245, 261262
mirror system 263
moral behavior 11961197
non-social symptoms 264265
Relationship Development Intervention 1097
self–other awareness 826827
sensory-motor problems 263264
simulation theory 262263, 823
social emotions 828829
symbolic play 830
theory of mind 243, 422424, 821823
theory of mind training 253
theory theory 261262
thought development 829831
autobiographical memory 492493
co-construction 103104
in depression 111
autocracy 11621163
autonomous system 1086
autonomy 492493, 1155, 11661169
addiction 1195
criterion of mental health 498
in depression 11581159
hierarchical accounts 1158, 11601161
autopathography 104105
B
background to knowledge 284
basic symptoms approach 780, 783, 786787
Batho Pele 407
Bayesian approach, delusions 694705, 709710, 712714
behavioral activation system (BAS) 562
behavioral diagnostic criteria 488489
behavioral genetics 903904
behavioral inhibition system (BIS) 562, 565
behavioral patterns 61, 453
being-in-the-world 76, 542, 618, 619, 846847, 1179, 12291230, 12371238, 1239, 1240
beliefs
cognitive behavioral therapy 12531257
compartmentalization 705709
in delusions 634, 692, 705709, 718720
in depression 109, 110
passions 4445
persistence 492
rationality 490491
religious faith 75, 81
see also false belief
Bellingham, John 31
best explanation 277
Bianchi, Ken 914
Big Five 895, 901
bigots 150
binge eating 597, 599, 602603
biofeedback 1094
biological model 192193, 532534
biomarkers 445447
biopolitics 145
biopower 91, 93, 95
biopsychosocial model 394, 540, 595
biostatistical theory 368369, 398, 441
bipolar disorder
Icarus Project 131132
personal boundary problems 508
theory of mind 268
black-box therapies 962963
blame 1135, 11421146, 11491150
blameworthiness 11411142
bodily disorders 389390, 391, 392393, 397400, 402, 483484, 486488
bodily resonance 621, 623624, 1179
body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) 595596, 599601, 605, 760
body-ego 12391240
body image disorders 592608
anorexia 596, 598599, 601602, 607
binge eating 597598, 599, 603
body dysmorphic disorder 595596, 599601, 605, 760
body image approach 593595, 604605
body image disorders (Cont’d)
(p. 1302) body image distortion 604605
body shame approach 595598, 605606
feminist cultural critiques 598600, 606608
multidimensionality of body image 593
normative discontent with body 598
perceptual distortions 604605
phenomenology 600603, 606608
scientism 604605
body image distortion 604605
body shame 595598, 605606
body-subject 542
Bonn Scale for the Assessment of Basic Symptoms (BSABS) 783, 786
borderline personality disorder
female predominance 506
interpersonal relating 242
loss 505, 506
low level mind minding 245
personal boundary problems 502506
responsibility 504, 506
self-harm 505
theory of mind 244
boundary problem 390, 392; see also personal boundaries
box-and-arrow diagrams 940, 12471250
brain
addiction 858, 1077, 1195
ageing 844845
apoptosis 264
autism 264
brain science closure constraint 520
connectivity 746749
delusions 692, 10781079
discourse 312, 315316
evolution 523524
functional mapping 10691070
gamma oscillations 10101013
mental disorders as brain disorders 512528, 532
mind minding 246, 247
mindreading 259
neurophenomenology 1085
placebo effects 1217
reward-guided decision-making 10711073, 10751076
schizophrenia 266, 10101013, 10781079
social cognition 259
split-brain 920
technical approach 192193
Brawner standard 34
Buddhism 921
bulimia 597598, 599
bypass reason responsiveness therapies 524526
C
CADI 10291030
Canon law 21, 24
capacity, decisional 11581159, 11601164
Capgras delusion 616, 654, 691692, 697698, 699, 700705, 710, 711, 715, 719
Cartesian materialism 541
Cartwright v. Cartwright (1793) 29
Casals, Pablo 665
categorical approach 328, 329, 555, 561, 562, 737738, 739740, 746747, 760, 761, 793, 960, 998999, 1176
categorical identity 143
causal discrimination 980
causal explanation 338, 935948, 973985
causal grammars 945946
contextualism 521522
control variables 947948
intelligibility 939940, 942943
interventionist approach 936938, 976977
levels of explanation 9, 938942, 975977
mechanisms 938, 942944, 973975
natural history explanations 978979, 980
statistical networks 978979
strategies 979982
zoom-in and zoom-out approach 980981, 982983
causal grammars 945946
causal relevance 974, 975
causal-role approach to normality 899
central coherence 264, 265
Chambers, Robert 892
character 890, 894897
Charcot, Jean-Martin 332
child abuse 504, 913, 915916, 1267fn
child development
impoverishment 1147
interaffectivity 626
intersubjectivity 259260, 289
learning 286287
(p. 1303) risk factors for developing schizophrenia 780781
China American Psychoanalytic Alliance 182
Christianity 21, 2223
cinematic representation 231232
classical conditioning 12161217
classification
descriptive/etiological distinction 67
statistical methods 961
values in 758772
clinical judgment 10471061
clinical psychopathology 342, 343
clinical staging models 792793
clinical trials, see randomized controlled trials
clinician’s illusion 204, 208
’clouded’ knowledge 678
cluster analysis 953
clusters of symptoms 556
co-consciousness (phenomenal unity) 674675, 677679, 681682, 683685
cognitive approach 413430
anxiety 564, 565566
autism 422424
blame 11431144
body dysmorphic disorder 595596
core explanatory assumptions 414418
decompositional analysis 416417
deficit-based models 419420, 429430
delusions 689722
dementia 837838
depression 109, 110, 424425, 1254
direct pathology models 421, 430
dissociative data 418, 425428
emotion 620
enactivism 10861087, 10971098
explaining psychopathology 419422
functional analysis 416417
hybrid models 420421
information processing 414415, 710, 969970, 10681069
input-based models 420421, 430
limitations 428430
mechanisms 415418
mechanistic decomposition 417
representations 414415, 10641068, 10731074
schizophrenia 1008, 1010, 1011, 1014
study of pathology 417418
subprocesses 416417
cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) 525, 12451262
articulating assumptions 12571259
aspects versus causes 12471250
attitudes versus cogitations 12501253
box and arrow format 12471250
containing environment 1259
depression 134, 1041, 1248, 1249
downward arrow technique 1257
feeling and believing 12531257
generalized anxiety disorder 10391041
panic 12471249
social anxiety 1248, 1249
cognitive decline, aging 312
cognitive enhancers 11911192
cognitive neuropsychiatry 418
cognitive neuropsychology 418
cognitive schema 146147, 565566
coherence 188
Coke, Sir Edward 27
commodities 177, 179
common-sense psychology 535536
communication
development in autism 829831
operational diagnosis 997998
comorbidity 167, 746747, 902, 995
compassion 1147
complaints 980981
compulsion, addiction and 862, 11931196
computational models 414415, 940941, 969970
computer-aided structured interviews 10241025, 10291030
computer analogy 366, 1069
computer-assisted diagnosis and treatment 180182
concepts
acquisition of 825826
priority of use over definition 386387
in psychiatry 910, 359360
concern 310
conditioning theory 12161217
confabulations 489490
confirmation biases 492
conflict, psychodynamic theory 332333
Conjunction Theory of Mental Disorder 513
connectionism 969
(p. 1304) consciousness 673686
anonymity theory 230235, 236
anosognosia 550, 675679
dissociative identity disorder 682685
intentional unity 674, 676, 682
intentionality of 154
minimal self-awareness 226230
neural correlates 1015
personal-level property 10641065
phenomenal unity (co-consciousness) 674675, 677679, 681682, 683685
schizophrenia 679682
strong intentionalism 231
subjective unity 674, 676677, 681, 682683
thought insertion 680682
unities 673, 674675
construct validity 989990
constructivism, controversial/non-controversial 151152; see also social constructionism
content validity 989
context
causation and 521522
development of delusions 642
continence 3940
continuum approach 507509, 781782, 783784
control
addiction 856860
empathy 295298
control variables 947948
convulsive reflection 236
Cotard’s syndrome 614
creativity 8, 807809, 881882
Creon 150fn
criminal justice system 466470
criminal responsibility 456, 460462, 470473
criterion-related validity 989
critical ethnocentrism 341
cross-cultural validity 762763
cultural anthropology 340341
cultural iatrogenesis 127
cultural issues
alcoholism 866
body image disorders 598600, 606608
depression memoirs 106108
mania 813814
shaping mental disorders 956957
cultural relativism 153
cure, recovery and 197211
cutting oneself 505
D
Dasein 847, 1229, 12371238, 12421243
data collection 92
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals (1993) 34
Davis v. United States (1895) 33
decision-making
continence and incontinence 41
decisional capacity 11581159, 11601164
domain of decision 313
neural basis 10711073, 10751076
decomposition 416417
deep self-identification 876879
deficit-based models 419420, 429430
definitions
kinds of 852853
priority of use over 386
degeneration 892893, 898
delusional atmosphere 636639
delusional mood 636639
delusions
abnormal data 709710
acceptance 650
adoption 693694, 697700, 709716
affective 653
anomalous experience hypothesis (Maher) 421, 699, 710711, 714716
Bayesian approaches 694705, 709710, 712714
belief evaluation 634, 692, 705709, 718720
brain pathology 692, 10781079
Capgras delusion 616, 654, 691692, 697698, 699, 700705, 710, 711, 715, 719
cognitive approach 689722
compartmentalization failure 705709, 720721
compensatory aspects 645646
comprehensibility 643646
conceptual ability 671
decontextualization 642
development 641643
double bookkeeping 634, 646650
double exposure 650652
empirical/autistic-schizophrenic comparison 666667
(p. 1305) executive function 692, 718, 719
existential feeling 1090
explanation and endorsement 711712
fact and value distinction 404405
false belief 633
imagery and 649
information processing 710
ipseity 640, 641, 644
Jaspers on 635636
metaphorical thematization 670671
modularity 712714
monothematic 653654
motivational relationships 645
neuropsychological deficit 690692
as objective view 83
persistence 650, 693694, 700705, 716721
personal and subpersonal mechanisms 10781079
phenomenology 632654
pre-delusional state 636639
pure paranoid psychosis 652653
rationality 489490, 491
reality testing 491, 633, 650
self-consciousness 643
self-disturbance 639641
treatment 652
two-factor framework 692696, 697700
working memory 692, 718, 719
demarcation problem 363364
dementia 835847
cognitive aspects 837838
dementia-in-the-world 845847
discourse 312, 316, 317318
embodiment 846
Griesinger on 64
mild cognitive impairment and 837, 839840
rationality 489
sydromal or umbrella term 837
terminology 838839, 840
theory of mind 268
dementia praecox 199202, 892
denotation 1051
depression
action impairment 574575, 577, 582583
affect in 624
agency 574576, 11561158, 11611162
antidepressant therapy 134
autonomy 11581159
belief states 109, 110
bodily complaints 587
bodily resonance 624
causal routes 973, 975
cognitive approach 109, 110, 424425, 1254
cognitive behavioral therapy 134, 1041, 1248, 1249
decisional capacity 11581159, 11601164
embodied and situated nature of 10951096
experienced significance 583587
free will 582587
Griesinger on 64
hyperthymia and 812, 814
interpersonal experience 584
loss 502, 583587
major depressive episode 1178
mania 807, 814815
memory performance 111
misdiagnosis 10281029
moods and 108110
neurophenomenology 1094
paradoxical identification 11641166
placebo effects 11891190, 12091210, 12151216
possibility 584, 586
practical identity 1167
practical significance 583584
schemas 424
schizophrenia and 1270
self-criticism 12691270
self-esteem 11641166
treatment refusal 11581159, 1161, 1166
vitality 614
depression memoirs 99112
cultural issues 106108
as illness memoirs (autopathography) 104105
indeterminacy 102, 105110
law of the genre 102103
memory influences 111
mood states 108110
self-identity depictions 105108
symptom-alienation 106
symptom-integration 106
depressive realism 483, 491
depth of relationships 288289
Descartes, Rene 147148
(p. 1306) descriptive classification 67
descriptive psychopathology 342343
desire 12741275
detached blame 11451146
development
dissociations 427428
emotions 564565
interaffectivity 626
intersubjectivity 259260, 289
learning 286287
devices 8788, 178180
diagnosis 10241031
autopsy confirmation 1027
behavioral criteria 488489
clinical judgment 10471061
computer-aided structured interview 10241025, 10291030
epistemiological issues 1023
experience 1024
Gestalt 1024
labeling 167168
LEAD 1024, 1025
metaphysical issues 1023
moral issues 1023
neo-Kraepelinian approach 993
operationalism 9921000, 10471048, 10581059
projective techniques 997, 1024, 10261027
reliability 991993
semi-structured interviews 1024, 10271029
statistical prediction rules 1025, 10301031
stickiness of 1026
structured interviews 1024, 10291030
subjective methods 1024, 10251027
tacit knowledge 10491057, 1061
technological tools 177, 178182
validity 991993
values in 758772
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) 6, 89, 95, 96, 161162, 183, 392, 397, 434, 437440, 537, 560563, 737741, 754755, 761762, 764, 765772, 960961, 991992, 993995, 10031004, 1048
diagnostic truth maker 515
dialoguing 345
’dim’ knowledge 678
dimensional approach 184, 555, 562563, 741fn, 760761, 899, 900902, 954955, 998999, 1176
disability memoirs 104105
discipline 8889
discourse 307319
Alzheimer’s disease/dementia 311, 312, 314315, 316, 317318
brain processes 312, 315316
hysteria 317, 318
symptoms 335
disease, illness distinction 12051206
disease naturalism 764
dissociative data 418, 425428
dissociative identity disorder 911917
child abuse link 913, 915916
covert cases 916
diagnostic criteria 911, 914
eating disorders 916917
exorcism therapy 924, 925
extreme splitting 914
false cases 914
fragmented identity 914915
historical background 913
inner self helper 924
inter-alter access 684685
looping effects 958
memory 918
origin of alters 925
unity of consciousness 682685
distress 437439, 444445
divergent thinking 808
domain
of decision 314
of mental illness, mapping 735750
dopamine system 1077, 10781079
double bookkeeping 634, 646650
double dissociations 418, 425428
pure and impure 426427
double exposure 650652
downward arrow technique 1257
dreams 1273, 12741278
Dretske, Fred 277, 278280, 281282, 284, 285
drift 372
drug addiction 473, 1077, 1078; see also addiction
Durham v. United States (1954) 3334
dyslexia 376377
(p. 1307) E
eating disorders, see anorexia; binge eating
eccentricity 349
ecological niche 168
economic model 11041105
ecstasy, mania and 805806
effective connectivity 746
ego 1239, 1272, 1278
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) 180
electroencephalography 1085, 10931094
electronic communication 180182
elementary existential feelings 615
eliminativism 535536
embodied, embedded and enactive (EEE) perspective 568
embodiment 542, 10941097
autism 1095
dementia 846
depression 10951099
emotions 622624
interpersonal relating 250251
schizophrenia 345, 1095
social cognition 259
technological mediation 183
emotions 620624
action tendency 621622
appraisal theory 565
appropriateness 11881189
in autism 244, 829
bodily resonance 621, 623624
body defenses 624
cognitive approach 620
development 564565
embodied and extended concept 622624
environmental influences 564
feedback cycles 623
feelings and 566
functions and significance 622
group conflict 12781280
intentionality 620621
James–Lange theory 620
mood and 109, 617619
morality, 1196, 12821288
natural kinds 564
regulation by imagery and dreams 12741278
relational 624625
responsibility 500501
empathy 293305
automatic 299
clinicians’ understanding of 299300
conative/non-conative 338339
control of 296299
controlled 299
interaffectivity 625
mirror system 297298
moral life 293295, 300
place-taking 296297
practical reasoning 295, 296
psychiatric interview 325, 338339
second order 339
simulation of emotions 297
therapeutic care 1147
virtue theory 296, 298299
world-traveling 303304
employment, schizophrenia 210
enactivism 10831098
affective nature of cognition 10861087
interpersonal relating 251
neurophenomenology 10841086, 10911094
participatory sense-making 10871088
psychopathology 10881098
Enlightenment 126, 128130
entitlement 11451146
epilepsy 10921094
episode of thinking 661
episodic memory 492493
epistemic closure 282
epistemic seeing 278280
epistemic values 760761
Erskine, Thomas 2930
essentialism 835836, 951952
ethical issues
addiction 11931196
cognitive enhancers 11911192
forensic psychiatry 463465, 468469
neuroethics 1185, 11921197
placebos 10371038, 11891191
practical neuropsychiatric ethics 11851198
prodromal phase of psychosis 789790
psychopharmacology 11861192
values 761764
ethnography 340341
etiology
classifications based on 67
Griesinger on 6265
evidence-based medicine 5
evidence-based practice 403
evidence-based psychiatry 188, 299
evolutionary approach
bidirectional notion of evolution 892893
brain function 523524
group conflict 12781280
mental disorder 372379
norms 440441
placebo effects 12191220
relating to conspecifics 1265
symptoms 331
Examination of Anomalous Self-Experience (EASE) 640, 788789, 10601061
exaptation 373
executive function, delusions 692, 718, 719
exemplars 982983
existence 8081
existential anxieties 558
existential feelings 567, 614616, 1090, 10971098
existential phenomenology 554
existentialia 340, 345
existentialism 12321234
exorcism therapy 924, 925
expectancy theory 1216
experience
behavior patterns 61
in diagnosis 1024
learning from 10751076
minimal self-awareness 227228
experimenter expectancy effect 11111114
expert systems 127128; see also technical expertise
expert witnesses 463465
explanation, levels of 11, 938942, 975977; see also causal explanation
exposure 288
extended mind hypothesis 251
externalism 276277
externalizing disorders 902
F
face processing 691
facial mimicry 297
fact, value and 404405
faith 75, 81
false belief
autism 261262, 821
delusions 633
schizophrenia 266, 267
family dysfunction 1147
fear 564, 565, 1143
feedback
biofeedback 1094
emotions 623
feelings
affectivity and feeling of being alive 613614
cognitive behavioral therapy 12531257
emotions and 566
existential 567, 614616, 1090, 10971098
feminism, body image disorders 598600, 606608
field work 387, 392400
first biological phase 12
first-person authority
minimal self-awareness 226227, 229
necessary conditions for 226
ownership 223224
five-factor model 901903
flourishing 896
focal attention 10511052, 1056
focal things 180
folk psychology 251252, 535536
for-me-ness of experience 227228
forensic psychiatry 463465, 468470
Foucault, Michel 8598
biopower 91, 93, 95
data collection 92
devices 8788
discipline 8889
human capital 9193
liberation and subjugation 8687
madness of George III 90
optimization 9394
psy-function 91, 95
Psychiatric Power lectures 8991
punishment 8889
subjectivity 88
vitality 93, 94, 95
writing device 92, 96
foundations 23, 7980
free energy 1288fn
free will, depression 582587
(p. 1309) freedom 579582, 588589
Frege, G. 308309
Freud, Sigmund 73, 129, 1227, 12311232, 12391240, 12671268, 12711272, 12751277, 1288fn
frontotemporal dementia, theory of mind 268
Frye standard 34
functional analysis 416417
functional architecture 367368
functional connectivity 746
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
feedback 1094
mind minding 247
pattern classifiers 1070
reward 10721073
functionalists 959
G
Gage, Phineas 1187
Galassenheit 12401241
GAMIAN Europe 131
gamma oscillations 10101013
gender 139157
naturalism 141, 142145
phenomenology 154157
relativism 149154
social constructionism 141, 142, 145149
general existential feelings 615616
generalized anxiety disorder 10381041
generalized difference model 143
genetic epistemiology 822
genetic understanding 643644
genetics
behavioral genetics 903904
moral conflict 12821288
schizophrenia 10081010
technical approach to investigation 184186
geography of mental disorder 387, 393
George III 90
Germanic laws 22
Gestalt 787, 1024, 1060
girlfriend test 804805
Goldberg’s Rule 1031
grammatical illusions 386387
Grandin, Temple 262
graph theory 743744
Gregory I 23
grief 502
Griesinger, Wilhelm 5366
etiology and symptomatology of mental disorder 6265
in history of medicine 5456
philosophy of disease 5962
reader of idealism 6566
group conflict 12781280
GWA studies (GWAS) 1009
H
habituation 40
Hadfield, James 2930
hallucinations 643
HapMap 1009
happiness 803804
Harlan, Justice 33
harmful dysfunctions 372, 390, 398399, 441442, 453
Hastings Center 463
health, WHO definition 4849
hearing, unfolding and 345
Hearing Voices Network 132
Hegel, Georg W. F. 58, 77
Heidegger, Martin 76, 1227, 12281232, 12371238, 12411243
Hempel, Carl 67
Herbart, Johann Friedrich 5758
hermeneutics 350, 12281231
interpretation of psychoanalysis 11051106, 1107, 1109
realism 12421243
symptoms 334337
technological mediation 183184
homeostatic property clusters 953, 973
horizons 578
human capital 9193
humanism 891
Hume, David 899900
humors 553
Husserl, Edmund 7778, 347
hyper-reflexivity 236, 638, 640, 1096, 1177
hyperthymic personality (hyperthymia) 811812, 814
hypomania 809815
hysteria 317, 318
I
Icarus Project 131132
Id 1239, 12711272
(p. 1310) ideal types 72, 983
idealism 6566
identity
authenticity and 1188
categorical 143
metaphysics 917922
paradoxical in depression 11641166
practical 1167
technical approach 188
see also self-identity
illness, disease distinction 12051206
illness attribution 444
illness memoirs 104105
imagery 649, 12741278
immune conditioning 1217
immunity to error from misidentification (IEM) 223, 224
immunity to reference failure 223, 224
impairment 437439, 444445
impoverishment 1147
inclusion-and-difference paradigm 143, 144
incontinence 3940
indifferents 44
induction 278
infants, see child development
inference to the best explanation 696
inferentialist model 278
information processing 414415, 710, 969970, 10681069
information technology 180182
innateness 147148
inner speech 661, 662664
input-based models 420421, 430
insanity
ancient Greek law 1920
Canon law 21, 24
Christianity 21, 2223
Germanic laws 22
papal influences 23, 24
Roman law 2021, 24
insanity defense 1835
insight 484, 815817
instrumental (technical) reason 123fn, 178, 186191
insular cortex 1217
insurance logic 9596
integrative pluralism 981
intelligence 61
intelligence tests 890891
intelligibility
causal explanations 939940, 942943
inserted thoughts 658, 665, 666668
intentional stance therapies 524, 525, 526
intentionalism, strong/weak 231
intentionality
consciousness 154
emotions 620621
inner speech 663
interaction theory 259, 260261
autism 263264
schizophrenia 267
interaffectivity 615, 624626
interbodily resonance 626
intercorporality 626
internal consistency 988
internal friendship (unity) 4041, 4243, 48, 4950
internalism 276277
internalizing disorders 902
International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 6, 89, 754
Internet 167170
interpersonal atmospheres 617
interpersonal healing theory 1217
interpersonal relating 240254
autism 241242, 824825
borderline personality disorder 242
complexities 241
dysfunctions 241242
embodiment 250251
enactivism 251
extended mind hypothesis 251
folk psychology 251252
mind minding hypothesis 243245, 246247
mirror system 246247
narrative practice hypothesis 251252
personality disorders 497499
schizophrenia 242
self-identity 497498
simulation theory 249250
theory theory 248250, 254
therapies 252254
interrater reliability 988
intersubjectivity 258269
autism 263264, 289
development 259260, 289
schizophrenia 267
secondary 260
intertheoretic reduction 1003
interventionist approach to causation 936938, 976977
interviews, see psychiatric interview
intransitive self-consciousness 229
introspective awareness 658, 659661, 663
introspective ownership 661
intuition, detection of mental disorder 972
ipseity 309310, 635
delusions 640, 641, 644
schizophrenia 1014, 1018, 1096
J
Jaspers, Karl (General Psychopathology) 6883
on delusions 635636
foundations of philosophy 7980
methodological dualism 7073
ontology and phenomenology 7679
on psychoanalysis 7374
transendence 8081, 82
unconscious 7376
joint attention 260
justice, retributive and restorative 466469
K
Kierkegaard, Søren 75
knowledge
background to 284
dim/clouded 678
in intention 663
knowledge-how and knowledge-that 10531054
of other persons 300301
practical 189, 190
proto-knowledge 284
tacit 10491057, 1061
technical 189
L
labeling 167168
Ladd, Justice 3132
language 61, 326327
latent variable models 900, 904905
LEAD 1024, 1025
learning
from experience 10751076
temporal difference model 10721073
variable ratio reinforcement 523524
Wittgenstein on 286287
legal issues
criminal responsibility 456, 460462, 470473
expert witnesses 463465
insanity defense 1835
role of psychiatry in criminal justice system 466470
levels of description 9, 415
levels of explanation 9, 938942, 975977
Lewis, Aubrey 7
liberation 8687
life-world 155156, 334, 346349
liking, wanting and 855
linguistics 12661267
linked traits 375
listening 345
logical geography of mental disorder 387, 393
look-and-really-see 387
looping effects 168169, 866, 958, 1090
loss
borderline personality disorder 505, 506
depression 502, 583587
personal boundaries 501502
M
McNaughtan rule 31
Mad Pride movement 132
maintenance selection 373fn
major depression
causal routes 973, 975
cognitive approaches 424425
misdiagnosis 10281029
placebo responsiveness 12091210
major neurocognitive disorders 838, 840
mania 803817
anger in 806807
creativity 807809
cultural values 813814
depression in 807, 814815
ecstasy 805806
girlfriend test 804805
Griesinger on 64
hypomania 809815
insight 815817
(p. 1312) life events 803804
mood 805, 807
playfulness 809
pragmatic assumptions 817
psychomotor activation 805, 807
recurrence 805
mapping the domain, mental illness 735750
marriage and happiness 501502
materialism
Cartesian 541
reductive 534536
mathematical models 902903
meaning 9, 538, 627
meaning response theory 12171218
measurement error 988
mechanical stance therapies 524526
mechanisms 415418, 938, 942944, 973975
medical model 532, 966973
defining 966967
minimal interpretation 967
normal function 969971
strong interpretation 967968
medical morality 463465
medicalization 159172, 738739, 1186,
definition 160162
de-medicalization 161
immoral behavior 895
personality traits 896897
psychopharmacology 163167
re-medicalization 161
role of DSM 161162
social media role 167170
social process 162
melancholia 106108, 552553, 11641165
memoirs of alcoholics 865886; see also depression memoirs
memory
autonomy and moral responsibility 492493
co-construction in autobiographical memory 103104
in depression 111
dissociative identity disorder 918
recovered 1267fn
working memory in delusions 692, 718, 719
mental disorder/illness
anomalies of states of being 62
as brain disorders 512528, 532
as disorders of embodiment and situatedness 10941097
evolutionary approach 372379
general theory 512513
as irrationality 482486
mapping the domain 735750
as mental disunity 4041, 4243, 48, 4950
naturalist accounts 363380
neoliberal reason 9698
ordinary language philosophy 391400
overlapping models 10051007
self and 11751177
transient nature 168
vice and 41, 48, 50, 451474
mental functional architecture 367368
mental health
autonomy as criterion for 498
as moral virtue 3746
mental modules, see modularity
Mental Status Examination (MSE) 1028
meta-cognition 226
metaphysical naturalism 141
metarepresentation
schizophrenia 245
metformin 836, 842
methodological dualism 7073
methodological naturalism 141142
mild cognitive impairment (MCI) 837, 839840
mild neurocognitive disorders 840
mimicry 297
mind minding 243245
brain regions associated with 246, 247
low/high level 245, 246247
mirror systems 246247
simulation theory 249250
theory theory 248250, 254
therapies 252254
mindblindness 244245, 261262
mindreading 258259, 423
mineness of experience 227228
minimal self 222, 226230, 1173, 1177
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) 897
mirror recognition 87
mirror system 259, 1088
autism 263
empathy 297298
mind minding 246247
modernity
assumptions 123124
service user movement 124125
technological focus 126128
modularity 368, 377, 428429
delusions 712714
ToM mechanisms 249
monothematic delusions 653654
mood
antidepressant effects 1180
delusional 636639
depression and 108110
drug-induced enhancement 11881189
emotions and 109, 617619
existential feelings 615
mania and 805, 807
self-formation 11791180
moral psychology 11961197
moral treatment 8687, 207209
moral virtue 3746
Moral Wrongfulness Test 763
morality 456, 460463
autism 11961197
diagnosis 1023
emotion and 1196, 12821288
empathy 293295, 300
genetics 12821288
medical 463465
personality disorder 895896
placebos 10371038
reason and 1196
responsibility 470473, 492493, 11391140, 1196
values 761764
Morel, Benedict 892
movement
behavior patterns 61
disorders in autism 263264
emotions and 621622
multiple personality disorder, see dissociative identity disorder
multiple realization 10681071
N
NAMI 131
narcissism 508509
narrative practice hypothesis 251252
narrative self 1173
narratives, psychiatric interview 327329
National Institutes of Mental Health, RDoC project 185186, 742743
natural functions 899
natural history explanations 978979, 980
natural kinds of mental disorder 950963, 972973, 978
arguments against 954959
Aristotelian tradition 951
copying mechanisms 954
cultural issues 956957
essentialism 951952
functionalist view 959
gaps in 954955
homeostatic property clusters 953, 973
identifying 960961
implications 962963
interactions 957958
promiscuous realism 953
in science 950, 951, 952954
treatment issues 962963
values 955956
natural sciences 540
natural selection 372373
naturalism 363380
biostatistical theory 368369
burden of justification 370371
evolutionary accounts 372379
harmful dysfunction analysis 372
metaphysical 141
methodological/scientific 141142
ontological 141
pluralism and 371
race and gender 141, 142145
reference classes 369370
Szasz’s rejection of mental disorders 365368
Nazi Germany 125
neo-Kraepelinian approach to diagnosis 993
NEO-Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) 896897, 901, 903
neoliberal reason 9698
neural agnosticism 520521
neural correlates of consciousness 1015
neuregulin-1 10091010, 1011, 1013
neurobiology 488, 1217
neuroethics 1185, 11921197
(p. 1314) neuroleptics 1177
neurophenomenology 566567, 10841086, 10911094
neuropsychology, delusions 690692
neuropsychopharmacology 160
neuroscience 12, 9
schizophrenia 10101014
technical approach in investigation 184186
new psychiatry 130
Nietzsche, Friedrich 74
nominalists 835836
non-selected effects 375376
normal functioning 60, 368369, 436, 438, 440444, 745, 748, 898899, 969, 970971
normativism 365, 366
numerical taxonomy 961
O
objective mind 70
off-label prescribing 166
ontological naturalism 141
ontological reductionism 1003
ontological values 764766
ontology 76
operational diagnosis 9921000, 10471048, 10581059
optimization 9394
orbitofrontal cortex 1217
ordinary language philosophy 385409
defining 386
grammatical illusions 386387
limitations 387
logical geography 387, 393
mental disorder 391400
objections to 387
philosophical field work 387, 392400
priority of use over definition 386
orthonomy 1163
other minds 275290
perceptual model (Dretske) 278280
overlapping models 10051007
ownership
agentive 660661
introspective 661
reflective self-awareness 222226
P
pain 11901191, 1205, 1217
panic 565, 1178, 12471249
paradigm shift 910
paraphilias/paraphilic disorders 768769
parapraxis 335
parent–offspring conflict 12821288
parental investment 12821285
Parkinson’s disease 520, 526
partial definitions 9991000
partial impairment 420, 426
participatory sense-making 10871088
partnership 45
pass through reason responsiveness therapies 524, 525, 526
passions 4346
paternalism 469470
Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) 209
pattern classifiers 1070
patterns of behavior 61, 453
pedophilia 473, 766772
peer review 5
penitentiary device 8889
perception
body image disorders 604605
other minds problem 278280
perspectival character 232233
perfect dictionary hypothesis 900
perpetual judgment 87
personal atmospheres 617
personal boundaries 497509
bipolar disorder 508
borderline personality disorder 502506
narcissism 508509
responsibility and loss 499502
schizophrenia 507508
personal idiom 327
personal level of description 689690
personal level representations 10641065, 10671068, 10731074
personality
antidepressant effects 11871188
Big Five 895, 901
as causal entity 899905
character and 890
definitions 889891
five-factor model 901903
heritability of traits 903904
placebo effect 1217
of self 11741175
(p. 1315) trait theory 895, 899905
personality disorder 880906
capacity failure model 898899
character and 894897
decline in functioning model 898
degeneration hypothesis 892893, 898
historical background 892894
impairment-distress model 898
interpersonal relating 497499
moral issues 895896
pathological status 897899
pathoplasticity model 897
phenomenological consciousness 226227
rationality 489
self and 1176
spectrum model 897898
staff attitudes to 11341135
validity of 894905
vulnerability model 897
perspective-taking 71
pharmaceutical industry 131, 161, 163, 763, 1186
phenomenology 435436, 541543, 1088, 10891091
affectivity 612628
body image disorders 600603, 606608
bracketing 648
delusions 632654
descriptive 435
explanatory 347
features of 632634
Jaspers on 7679
neurophenomenology 566567, 10841086, 10911094
racism 154157
self 11721175
sexism 154157
symptoms 334337
thought insertion 667668
philosophical field work 387, 392400
philosophical value theory, see values-based practice
philosophy
going deep practically 34
partnership with psychiatry 45
problems 23
providing foundations for psychiatry 23
quick buck-ism 4
responsibly product-oriented 34
Pinel, Philippe 8687
placebos 134, 12021221
apparent effects 12121213
bias effects 12121213
brain activity 1217
case histories 12081210
conditioning theory 12161217
confounding factors 12121213
cost–benefit analytic approach 1220
definitions 12061208
depression therapy 11891190, 12091210, 12151216
ethical issues 10371038, 11891191
evolutionary origins 12191220
expectancy theory 1216
explanatory theories 12161218
historical background 12201221
interpersonal healing theory 1217
literary accounts 1203
meaning response theory 12171218
myths and misconceptions 12031206
narrativist criticism 1211
neurobiological theories 1217
open-label placebos 12181219
pain 1191, 1205
personality type 1217
placebo responder theory 1217
regression to the mean 1212
responsiveness to 12041205
self-limiting disease 1212
talk therapy 10361037
transposition from medicine to psychology 12131215
Plato 16, 3738, 39, 4041, 4748, 49, 141, 452
playfulness, mania 809
pluralism, naturalism and 371
PORT 209
position-taking 329
possibility 577582, 584, 586
post-traumatic stress disorder 526527
posterior superior temporal sulcus 259
postpsychiatry 125126, 137
poverty 935936
practical identity 1167
practical knowledge 189, 190
practical reasoning 295, 296
practical significance 583584
(p. 1316) praecox feeling 787
pre-delusional state 636639
pre-reflective self-awareness 226230, 619, 11731174
predisposition 148
preferred causal model systems 10151016
prefrontal cortex 259, 692, 858, 1217
presupposition 284
principle of epistemic closure 281
principle of therapeutic specificity 12101211
prison services 89
problem definition 3
problem solving 1108
process 56
products 34
prognosis 10321043
projective techniques 997, 1024, 10261027
promiscuous realism 953
prosopagnosia 691
proto-knowledge 284
proto-self 566
prototypes 329, 556, 10051006
Prozac 1177, 1178
psy-function 91, 95
psychiatric interview 321351
clinical psychopathology 342, 343
cultural anthropology 340341
descriptive psychopathology 342343
empathy 325, 338339
ethnography 340341
family of instruments 337341
first-person approach 338340
intersubjectivist approach 340341
language 326327
life-world 346349
meaningfulness 344349
narratives 327329
objectivity 325326, 338
personal meaning 327329
procrustean errors 324
relevance of psychopathology 341344
second-person approach 340341
stimulus–response process 328
structural psychopathology 342, 343344
structures of self 345346
subjectivity 326, 338340
symptoms 330337
technical approach 183, 322329
tele-ocular-dromic performance 324
third-person approach 338
transcendental origin of life-world 346347
tunnel vision 324
unfolding 344345
psychiatry
big theories 3
conceptual issues 910
first and second biological phases 12
new psychiatry 130
partnership with philosophy 45
philosophical foundations 23
product of the enlightenment 128130
psychoanalysis 11031123, 12311232
clinical methodology 11181120
economic model 11041105
education and training 1121
emotional conflict 12801281
falsifiability 11101111
inference 11141116, 11201121
interdisciplinary nature of 12211223
Jaspers’ criticism of 7374
as natural science 11041105
relativism 150152
as social science 11051108
success of 11161117
suggestion in 11111114
technical expertise 129
psychodynamic theory, symptoms in 332334
psychomotor activation, mania 805, 807
psychoneuroses 554
Psychopathy Check List – Revised 461
psychopharmacology
antidepressants 134, 164, 1177, 11781180, 11871189
cognitive enhancers 11911192
definition 160
medicalization of psychiatry 163167
off-label prescribing 166
practical ethics 11861192
randomized controlled trials 163166, 188, 936937
self and 11781180
technology of 178180
uncertainty over treatment effects 163165
psychosis
affectivity link 785
(p. 1317) at-risk mental state (ARMS) criteria 780, 783784
attenuated psychotic symptoms syndrome 791
basic symptoms 780, 783
brief, isolated episodes 781782
clinical staging model 792793
coexisting affective disturbance 785
continuum approach 781782, 783784
early detection and prevention strategies 782786
false positive at-risk individuals 790, 791
overtreatment of at-risk individuals 791
prodromal phase 779793
risk assessment 782
social cognition 781
symptoms in general population 782
threshold 785786
treatment of prodrome 790792
ultra-high risk (UHR) criteria 782783
variable transition rates from ARMS 790
public executions 8889
punishment 8889
pure paranoid delusions 652653
Pussin, J.-B. 208209
Q
Q 8
quick buck-ism 4
Quine, Willard V. O. 15
R
race 139157
naturalism 141, 142145
phenomenology 154157
relativism 149154
social constructionism 141, 142, 145149
radical antirealism 146, 149
radical relativism 150
randomized controlled trials 163166, 188, 936937
Rat Man 1271
rating scales 170171
rationality 190, 480495, 943
autonomy 492493
beliefs 490491
confabulations 489490
delusions 489490, 491
dementia 489
diagnosis of mental illness 488489
familiar and radical irrationalities 490492
mental illness as irrationality 482486
moral responsibility 492493
personality disorder 489
reality testing 491
schizophrenia 488489
RDoC project 185186, 742743
reactive attitudes 11391141
reading 375376, 378
realism 141
depressive 483, 491
hermeneutic 11421143
Platonic 141
promiscuous 953
scientific 900
reality testing 491, 633, 650
reason 128129, 539
morality and 1196
technical (instrumental) 123fn, 178, 186191
reasonableness 190
recognition 10501057
recovered memories 1267fn
recovery
connotations 135
cure and 197211
personal accounts of 135
service provision 136
recovery movement 206
reductionism 10031019
creeping (partial) 10041005, 11141118
intertheoretic 1003
ontological 1003
schizophrenia 10071014
sweeping 1004
reductive materialism 534536
reference classes 369370
reflective self-awareness 105, 1174
necessary conditions 226
ownership 222226
pre-reflective self-awareness and 230
reflective spasm 236
refrigerator fallacy 228
refusing treatment 11581159, 1161, 1166, 1185
regression to the mean 1212
regret 42
(p. 1318) rehabilitation 465
reinforcement 523524, 1072
Relationship Development Intervention 1097
relationships, see interpersonal relating
relativism 149154
cultural 153
radical 150
relativity-to 149, 150
reliability 988989
psychiatric diagnosis 991993
validity and 990991
religion
insanity concept 21, 2223, 24
Jaspers on 75, 81
representation 414415, 1064
personal level 10641065, 10671068, 10731074
subpersonal 1064, 10651068, 10731074
tacit knowledge 10491050
representational body 332
repression 12311232, 1236
Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project 185186, 742743
responsibility
affect 500501
agency and 1137, 1141
blameworthiness 11411142
borderline personality disorder 504, 506
criminal 456, 460462, 470473
moral 470473, 492493, 11391140, 1196
personal boundaries 499501
reactive attitudes 11391141
training in responsibility without blame 1149
without blame 11351136, 11391141, 11481150
restorative justice 466469
re-test reliability 989
retributive justice 466468
reward-guided decision-making 10711073, 10751078
Rex v. Arnold (1724) 2829
Rickert, Heinrich 72
right temporo-parietal junction 247
rights 484485
personal boundaries 499501
Rogers, Abner 32
Roman Catholicism 23, 24
Roman law 2021, 24
Rothair’s Edicts 22
rule following 10541057
S
safety behaviors 1258
Sally-Anne test 261, 821
sample enrichment 785
schemas 424, 684
schizophrenia
basic symptoms 780, 786787
behavioral abnormalities in at risk children 780781
brain abnormalities 266, 10101013, 10781079
cognitive deficits 1008, 1010, 1011, 1014
consciousness 679682
depression and 1270
disembodied type of existence 348, 1095
eccentricity 349
false belief 266, 267
freedom 588589
gamma oscillations 10101013
genetics 10081010
Gestalt of 787
Harrison–Weinberger model 1010, 1013
interaction theory 267
interpersonal relating 242
ipseity 1014, 1018, 1096
Lewis model 1010, 10111013
metarepresentation 245
neuregulin-1 10091010, 1011, 1013
neurodevelopmental model 780781
neurophenomenology 1092
neuroscience models 10101014
overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis 10251026
personal boundary problems 507508
phenomenological prodrome 786787
PORT recommendations 209
praecox feeling 787
prodromal phase 780
rationality 488489
recovery from 202207
reducible mental disorder 10071014
self-experience (sense of self) 787, 788789, 1177
signs and symptoms 10591056
spectrum approach 507508
structures of self 346
supported employment 210
(p. 1319) symptom progression 347
theory of mind 243244, 265267
watershed model 1018
SCID 10291030
science
natural kinds in 950, 951, 952954
natural sciences 540
sciences of mind 540
values-based practice and 403
scientific naturalism 141142
scientific realism 900
scientism 1242
body image disorders 604605
second biological phase 2
seeing
epistemic 278280
simple 278279
selected disorders 374375
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) 1177, 11781180, 11871189
self-awareness 221236
as ambiguous concept 221
antidepressant use 11781180
development of delusions 643
intransitive 229
layers of processes 11731174
mental disease 11751177
minimal (implicit) form of 222, 226230, 1173, 1177
necessary conditions 226
personality of 11741175
phenomenal consciousness 227228
phenomenology 11731175
pre-reflective 226230, 619, 11731174
recognitional/non-recognitional 221222
theories of 221
thought insertion 224226, 235236, 659
transitive 229
self-consciousness, see self-awareness
self-esteem 11641166
self-harm 505
self-identity
deep self-identification in alcoholism 876879
depictions in depression memoirs 105108
interpersonal relating 497498
looping effects of kinds 169
medicalization of psychiatry 161
self-medication, alcoholism 884
self-reflection 5
semi-structured interviews 1024, 10271029
sense 308309, 345
sense-making 10861088, 10971098
sensory-motor system, autism 263264
service delivery 1
service users 12, 9
modernist approach 124125
priorities of 135136
support from pharmaceutical industry 131
survey of experience of psychiatric care 133134
technical expertise 130133
seven deadly sins 455
sexism, see gender
sexual conflict 12821285, 1286
shame, body shame 595598, 605606
Shaw, Chief Justice 32
sibling rivalry 12821288
signs, criteriological approach 10591060
silence 87
simple conditionalization 695
simulation theory 249250, 258, 262263, 297, 823
single nucleotide polymorphisms 10081009
single unit recordings, reward 1072
sins 455
situatedness 10941097
skepticism 276277
Skype therapy 181182
social affordances 260
social anxiety, CBT 1248, 1249
social cognition
brain systems 259
embodiment 259
interaffectivity 625
psychosis 781
social constructionism
diagnostic labels 167
of human kinds 146
race and gender 141, 142, 145149
of theories 146
social deviance 439, 455457, 465469
social emotions, autism 828829
social existential feelings 616
social media 167170
(p. 1320) social referencing 297
software/hardware analogy 366
soul, rational and non-rational 3738
spandrels 376fn
spectrum approach 507509, 1006
speech 61
Spinozan belief formation 707708
split-brain 920
splitting and lumping 994995
State v. Jones (1871) 3132
static understanding 643644
statistical methods
biostatistical theory 368369, 398, 441,
causation 978979
classification 961
diagnosis 1025, 10301031
human capital 92
statistical prediction rules 1025, 10301031
stigma 595, 600601
Stoic passions 4346
strong intentionalism 231
structural psychopathology 342, 343344
structured interview 322323, 1024, 10291030; see also psychiatric interview
subjectivity 88, 310, 326, 338340
subjugation 87
subpersonal level of description 689fn
subpersonal representations 1064, 10651068, 10731074
subprocesses 416417
subsidiary awareness 10511052, 1056
substance dependence, see addiction
suffering 301
superego 1272, 1278
supported employment 210
’survivors’ 131
symbolic play 830
symptoms 330337
biomedical paradigm 330331
checklists 183184
as clinical descriptions 435
clusters 556
criteriological approach 10591060
in depression memoirs 106
evolutionary approach 330
Griesinger on 6265
instability 425426
phenomenological–hermeneutic paradigm 334337
psychodynamic paradigm 332334
text 335336
validators 556, 561562
syndrome approach 188, 343344, 345
T
tacit knowledge 10491057, 1061
tagging thoughts 720
talk therapy
ethical issues 10371038
measuring effectiveness 10331036
placebo for 10361037
technical expertise 127128
psychiatry and 129130
service user movement 130133
technical knowledge 189
technical reason 123fn, 178, 186191
technology 176194
brain activity 192193
commodities 177, 179
device paradigm 178180
diagnostic and treatment tools 177, 178182
electronic communication 180182
embodiment mediation 183
focal things 180
genetics 184186
hermeneutic mediation 183184
identity of patient 188
information technology 180182
investigative tool 177, 182186
mediating role 183
misunderstanding empathy 324
modernity and 126128
narrative avoidance 326328
neuroscience 184186
objectivity 324325
personal meanings 326328
procrustean errors 323
psychiatric interview 183, 322329
psychopharmacology 178180
standard view of science 324
subjectivity 325
symptom checklists 183184
tunnel vision 323
way of thinking 178
temporal difference learning 10721073
(p. 1321) temporo-parietal junction 247
text 335336, 345
thematic affinity 11141115
theory of mind 258259
Alzheimer’s disease 268
antisocial personality disorder 268
autism 243, 422424, 821823
bipolar disorder 268
borderline personality disorder 244
frontotemporal dementia 268
schizophrenia 243244, 265267
tests 243
training in 253
theory of mind (ToM) mechanism 249, 423
theory theory 248250, 254, 258, 261262
therapeutic jurisprudence 467
therapy, see treatment
third-person approach 223224, 338
Thomas Aquinas 23
thought disorder 679680, 681682
thought insertion 658671
agentive ownership 660661
alienation 658, 664665
authorship issues 660661
causal explanations 669670
historical background 669671
inner speech 661, 662664
intelligibility 658, 665, 666668
no-agency account 680681
no-subjectivity account 680681
phenomenology 667668
self-awareness 224226, 235236, 659
transparency (introspective awareness) 658, 659661, 663
two-concept theorists 659, 660
unity of consciousness 680682
token-reflexive rule 233234
token thought 661
ToM mechanism 249, 423
training
of psychoanalysts 1121
in responsibility without blame 1149
in theory of mind 253
traits 373, 378, 438439, 895, 899905
transendence 8081, 82
transference, blank screen notion 151152
transient mental disorders 168
transitive self-consciousness 229
trauma 332
treatment 10321043
black-box therapies 962963
ceiling effect 1041
controlled experiments 10321033
enactive perspective 10961097
explaining effectiveness 1042
intentional stance/pass through reason responsiveness type 524, 525, 526
long-term benefits 1043
measuring effectiveness 10331036
mechanical stance/bypass reason responsiveness type 524526
rapid effect of 10411042
refusal 11581159, 1161, 1166, 1185
resource allocation 10341035
technological tools 177, 178182
trema 346, 638
typological approach (prototypes) 329, 556, 10051006
U
Umwelt 10861087
unconscious 7376, 12271243
unity 4041, 4243, 48, 4950
universals 143, 150, 153154, 190
V
validators of symptoms 556, 561562
validity 989990
psychiatric diagnosis 991993
reliability and 990991
values 395, 753772
action-guiding 754
aesthetic 759760
Alzheimer’s disease 841844
in classification 758772
clinical trials of 395
descriptive dimension 758
diagnosis 758772
diversity of 397
epistemic 760761
ethical 761764
fact and 404405
heuristic definition 757758
of life 94
moral 761764
natural kinds 955956
(p. 1322) ontological 764766
philosophical value theory, see values-based practice
as predicates 754
social function 754
terminology 757
values-based practice 385, 400405, 407, 411412, 559, 756758
variable ratio reinforcement 523524
ventral tegmental area 1072, 1073
vice 4143, 48, 50, 451474
concept of 452
concept of mental disorder 453454
confounding vice and illness 458459
as criminal responsibility 470473
criminality or immorality 452
historical perspective 455457
medical morality 463465
moral responsibility 470473
as natural defect 5051
psychopathologies of morality 460463
state regulation of social deviance 465469
virtue and 3940
virtue 41
empathy as 296, 298299
mental health as moral virtue 3746
personality disorder 896
vice and 3940
vision
other minds problem 278290
strong intentionalism 231
visual creativity 808
vitalism 554
vitality 93, 94, 95, 614
voluntariness 483484
W
wanting, liking and 855
watershed model 1018
weak intentionalism 231
weed analogy 955, 971
welfare paradigm 469470
well-being 411412
Willis, Thomas 28
willpower 858, 873fn
wishfulfilment 1276
witchcraft 22, 2425, 27
Wooltorton, Kerrie 1161
working memory 692, 718, 719
World Health Organization (WHO)
definition of health 4849
New York meeting (1959) 67
world-traveling 302304
writing device 92, 96
Z
Zollikon seminars 1228
zooming-in and zooming-out 980981, 982983