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date: 28 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Cognitive approaches contribute to our understanding of delusions by providing an explanatory framework that extends beyond the personal level to the sub personal level of information-processing systems. According to one influential cognitive approach, two factors are required to account for the content of a delusion, its initial adoption as a belief, and its persistence. This chapter reviews Bayesian developments of the two-factor framework.

Keywords: Bayesian inference, belief evaluation, Capgras delusion, compartmentalization, conditionalization, delusion, evidence, fragmented mind, neuropsychological deficit, perceptual module, personal and subpersonal levels of description, Spinozan belief formation, two-factor framework

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