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date: 26 February 2020

(p. x) List of Tables

(p. x) List of Tables

  1. 5.1 Overview: Establishment of first statutory social security schemes in selected ILO member countries (down to 1945) 71

  2. 7.1 Causal research according to methodological approaches 107

  3. 7.2 Welfare programme consolidation in early democracies and proto‐democracies (1920) 111

  4. 8.1 From gross to net social spending (2005) 131

  5. 8.2 The income accounting framework 136

  6. 9.1 Main family policy reforms at national level since the mid‐1990s 144

  7. 9.2 Constellation of factors animating state policy towards families 149

  8. 10.1 Disciplinary perspectives on the welfare state: Core debates 153

  9. 11.1 Socio‐economic causes of new social needs and risks 177

  10. 11.2 Selected risk and need profiles: Employment 180

  11. 11.3 Selected risk and need profiles: Family 181

  12. 13.1 Ideal‐typical modes of labour relations and their institutional affinities 204

  13. 14.1 Policy positions of political parties on expansion of the welfare state versus retrenchment (early 21st century) 214

  14. 14.2 The welfare state and the difference between social democratic and secular conservative party composition of government in 21 OECD countries (since the 1950s) 218

  15. 14.3 Social policy positions of major families of parties since the mid‐1950s 224

  16. 15.1 Veto points and veto players in selected OECD countries (1980–2005) 233

  17. 20.1 Forms of EU social policy 299

  18. 20.2 Impact of European integration on national social spending 301

  19. 23.1 Trends in social expenditure (1980–2005) 336

  20. 23.2 Programme‐related public spending in per cent of GDP (2005) 339

  21. (p. xi)
  22. 23.3 Levels of taxation in 21 OECD countries (1990–2006) 346

  23. 23.4 Taxation trends in 21 OECD countries (1990–2006) 349

  24. 23.5 Attitudes towards taxation and the welfare state (1985–2006) 351

  25. 24.1 Net replacement rates of public pensions at various earnings levels (2004) 358

  26. 24.2 Funding and types of pension schemes 364

  27. 29.1 Years of introduction of first laws providing for unemployment benefits at the national level in eighteen OECD countries 422

  28. 29.2 Net replacement rates and coverage in labour force (in per cent) in eighteen countries (averages for 1930–39, 1947–70, and 1975–2005) 424

  29. 31.1 Minimum income provisions in selected EU countries (1992–2006) 454

  30. 31.2 Guaranteed minimum income levels in OECD countries (2006) 455

  31. 32.1 Child well‐being in Europe by dimension (c. 2006) 476

  32. 33.1 Occupied dwellings by tenure in European Union member states in per cent (1990, 2004) 483

  33. 33.2 Government housing interventions in European Union member states (2004/5) 486

  34. 35.1 Average replacement rates by welfare state regime (1950, 1995) 520

  35. 35.2 (Quasi‐)Social rights indicators of services and gendered policies (1970, 1985, 1999) 521

  36. 35.3 Results of regression on social rights measures 524

  37. 36.1 Social expenditure, income inequality, and poverty rates in OECD countries (mid‐2000s) 533

  38. 37.1 Average unemployment in advanced industrialized political economies: Cross‐national and temporal trends (1960–75, 1976–95) 549

  39. 39.1 Empirical robustness of welfare state models 575

  40. 40.1 Key OECD indicators of the role of the state in social policy (1990) 594

  41. 40.2 Key OECD indicators of the role of the state in social policy (2005/6) 598

  42. 43.1 Liberal regime characteristics according to Esping‐Andersen and English‐speaking family of nation characteristics according to Castles and Obinger 637

  43. (p. xii)
  44. 43.2 Shares and progressivity of cash benefits and household taxes in household disposable income in English‐speaking and selected other OECD countries (mid‐2000s) 639

  45. 43.3 Measures of the dispersion of components of social expenditure, child poverty, and inequality in 18 OECD countries (mid‐2000s) 641

  46. 46.1 Selected welfare indicators (2005) 677

  47. 47.1 Additional spending driven by demography, assuming present policies in per cent of expected GDP, excluding education (2004–2050) 694

  48. 48.1 Cluster analysis and mean values for welfare regimes of 65 non‐OECD countries (2000) 712