Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article summarizes some of the most common methodological approaches in the study of welfare states, focusing on causal research, and addresses some of their achievements and drawbacks. It specifically provides in-depth historical analyses of a single country case to historical analyses of a few countries to Boolean qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) across medium-N samples of countries and sub-national polities to cross-sectional and pooled cross-sectional and time-series analyses of countries and sub-national polities. It also presents suggestions for synthesizing, triangulating, and combining methods in order to minimize the disadvantages and maximize the advantages of different approaches. Given the various strengths and weaknesses of the different methodological approaches, it is useful for scholars to employ more than one. Scholars of social policy have combined methods and triangulated them, reaping advantages, while minimizing the disadvantages of any single approach.

Keywords: causal research, welfare states, qualitative comparative analysis, time-series analysis, cross-sectional analysis, social policy, sub-national polities

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.