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date: 20 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article concentrates on the experience of high-income Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. It summarizes the problems linked with estimating the impact of policy on inequality and poverty, while the one which follows describes the measures and data used to establish and compare cross-national impacts. This article then reviews the main findings produced by studies of outcomes and impacts in the areas of inequality and poverty, respectively. It addresses how cross-sectional inequality is influenced by social policies by analyzing vertical inequality and redistribution between rich and poor. Comparing inequality and poverty outcomes across countries with differing policy regimes and varying spending levels provides a basis for understanding observed differences and relating them to policy differences.

Keywords: cross-sectional inequality, poverty, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, social policies, vertical inequality, redistribution

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