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date: 13 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on policies that concentrate on families with children. It also considers parenthood within a wider context, how it interacts with external factors, in particular the labour market, and the policy responses to these relationships. First, it summarizes the context of family policies: family change and changes in employment. Then, it compares family policies, including the overall effort made by welfare states to support families with children; the measures that exist to reconcile work and family life; and the financial support provided by the state for families with children. It reports the outcomes of that effort focusing on fertility, employment, child poverty, and child well-being. It is stated that family policy matters whether or not there is convergence or divergence.

Keywords: family policy, children, parenthood, labour market, employment, welfare states, financial support, fertility, child poverty

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