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date: 16 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article provides a discussion on labour market activation. The centrality of activation to modern welfare states is addressed. Discussion of labour market activation often focuses on particular policy tools. Three labour market activation strategies are recognized. Activation strategies encompass a large number of policies and programmes, which are combined in myriad ways. The chief aim of activation is to increase the employment rate. There is more than one route to rising employment and to a high employment rate. There may be elective affinities among certain activation policies, but countries as diverse as Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States have secured comparatively high rates of employment with very different sets of policies and institutions.

Keywords: labour market activation, modern welfare states, employment rate, activation policies, Denmark, Netherlands, United States

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