Abstract and Keywords
This article addresses two categories of people: immigrants and ethnic minorities. It briefly outlines three current research perspectives on ethnic diversity and the welfare state, each of them of importance for overcoming the general neglect of this issue, essential for both the present and future of North Atlantic societies. The article also describes what is referred to as tendencies towards Americanization of European welfare states. It then argues that there is a need for transcending the scope of current approaches through linking issues of migration and diversity to a dynamic political-economic research perspective on neoliberal transformation. Some examples of racialization of welfare are presented. The racialization of social citizenship has been an important part of the ideological apparatus developed to deal with the dual crisis. The current economic efforts could contribute to nationalism, protectionism, and even stronger trends to racialization and the exclusion of minorities.
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