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date: 22 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article presents a conception of the proper role of the proportionality standard. It begins by discussing proportionality and justice, the elements of proportionality, and approaches to proportionality analysis. It then discusses steps of proportionality analysis; the structure of proportionality analysis; evolution, constitutional foundation, and distribution of the principle of proportionality; the strength of rights and freedoms in proportionality analysis; and the future of proportionality analysis.

Keywords: proportionality standard, justice, proportionality analysis, rights, freedoms

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