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date: 26 May 2020

(p. ix) Notes on Contributors

(p. ix) Notes on Contributors

Edward Bever

is Professor of History at the State University of New York College at Old Westbury. He earned his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1983 with a dissertation titled ‘Witchcraft in Early Modern Wuerttemberg’. He has published numerous articles and entries on witchcraft and magic in early modern Europe, and in 2008 published The Realities of Witchcraft and Popular Magic in Early Modern Europe: Culture, Cognition, and Everyday Life. He is currently co-editing a volume of papers, Magic and the Modern, and his most recent article is ‘Current Trends in the Application of Cognitive Science to Magic’ in Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft (2012).

Willem de Blécourt

is an historical anthropologist and Honorary Research Fellow at the Huizinga Institute and the Meertens Institute, both in Amsterdam. He is co-author of Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: The Twentieth Century (1999) and co-editor of a number of books on the history of witchcraft and medical history, the latest being a volume on shapeshifting. His book, Tales of Magic, Tales in Print: On the Genealogy of Fairy Tales and the Brothers Grimm, appeared in 2012. Among his many articles are ‘The Return of the Sabbat’ in Palgrave Advances in Witchcraft Historiography (2007) and ‘A Journey to Hell: Reconsidering the Livonian “Werewolf'”’ in Magic, Ritual and Witchcraft (2007). He is co-editor of the book series, Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic.

Robin Briggs

is Emeritus Senior Research Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford, and a Fellow of the British Academy. His publications include Early Modern France, 1560–1715 (1977), Communities of Belief: Social and Cultural Tensions in Early Modern France (1989), Witches and Neighbours: The Social and Cultural Context of European Witchcraft (1996), and The Witches of Lorraine (Oxford, 2007). His website of Lorraine Witchcraft Trials, including abstracts of some 400 Lorraine trials, is available at <>.

Hans Peter Broedel

is an Associate Professor of History at the University of North Dakota, and received his Ph.D. from the University of Washington. He is the author of The Malleus Maleficarum and the Construction of Witchcraft: Theology and Popular Belief (2003), and has published articles on witches, late medieval apparitions, and early modern natural history. His current research investigates credulity and scepticism in early modern attitudes towards fantastic animals.

(p. x) Johannes Dillinger

studied history, Catholic theology, and educational theory at Tübingen University, Trier University, and the University of East Anglia. Dillinger is currently senior lecturer in early modern history at Oxford Brookes University. His Ph.D. thesis, ‘Böse Leute’, won the Friedrich Spee Award for Outstanding Contributions to the History of Witchcraft in 1999 and was translated into English as “Evil People”: A Comparative Study of Witch Hunts in Swabian Austria and the Electorate of Trier (2009). Dillinger has published several works on witchcraft and magic, including two monographs on treasure hunting, as well as books and articles on constitutional history and political crime.

Oscar Di Simplicio,

former lecturer of modern history at the University of Florence, lives in Siena. He has written extensively on the history of witchcraft, and his publications include Inquisizione stregoneria medicina. Siena e il suo stato, 1580–1721 (2000) and Autunno della stregoneria. Maleficio e magia nell’Italia moderna (2005). He has contributed to The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft (2006) and to Witchcraft and Masculinity in Early Modern Europe (2009). He is the author of Luxuria. Eros e violenza nel Seicento (2011), in which he has sketched a neuropsychological approach to the study of witchcraft cognition. He will deal with this subject in depth in his forthcoming book, Dentro la stregoneria.

Peter Elmer,

after seventeen years as a lecturer at the Open University in the UK, in September 2012 began a five year post as a Wellcome Trust funded Senior Research Fellow at the University of Exeter, engaged on a project aiming to create a database of all men and women engaged in medical practice in England, Ireland, and Wales between about 1500 and 1715. The prosopographical nature of this research will form the basis of a major new appraisal of the place of medicine in early modern British society.

Sarah Ferber

is Associate Professor of History at the University of Wollongong. She is the author of Demonic Possession and Exorcism in Early Modern France (2004). She contributed several entries to the Encyclopedia of Witchcraft (2006), and an essay on gender and demonic possession appeared in Alison Rowlands (ed.), Witchcraft and Masculinities in Early Modern Europe (2009). Sarah participated with Robin Briggs, Moshe Sluhovsky, and Denis Crouzet in a French docudrama L'énergumène (ed. Jean Loïc Portron, 2010), on the life of the demoniac Marthe Brossier.

Iris Gareis

received her Ph.D. from the University of Munich in 1987 and a Habilitation from Goethe-University, Frankfurt in 1999. She has taught at several German universities and in San Juan, Argentina. Currently she is extraordinary professor of Anthropology at Goethe-University, Frankfurt and interim professor of Latin American and Southwest-European History at Erfurt University. She is co-editor of the series ‘Hexenforschung’ (Witchcraft Research, Bielefeld) and author of numerous articles on witchcraft and related subjects, especially in the Hispanic and Lusophone world. Research interests include popular belief systems and cultures of knowledge, as well as gender and transculturation.

(p. xi) Malcolm Gaskill

is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of East Anglia. Educated at Cambridge University, he has taught at five UK universities and is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He is the author of numerous studies relating to witchcraft, including four books: Crime and Mentalities in Early Modern England (2000), Hellish Nell: Last of Britain’s Witches (2001), Witchfinders: a Seventeenth-Century English Tragedy (2005), and Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction (2010). His latest work is a study of culture and mentality in seventeenth-century America, culminating in the Salem witch-trials, to be published in 2013.

Richard Godbeer

is Professor of History at the University of Miami. He is author of The Devil's Dominion: Magic and Religion in Early New England (1992), Sexual Revolution in Early America (2002), Escaping Salem: The Other Witch Hunt of 1692 (2005), The Overflowing of Friendship: Love between Men and the Creation of the American Republic (2009), and The Salem Witch Hunt: A Brief History with Documents (2011).

Julian Goodare

is Reader in History, University of Edinburgh. His books include State and Society in Early Modern Scotland (1999), The Government of Scotland, 1560–1625 (2004), The Scottish Witch-Hunt in Context (Manchester, 2002) (as editor), and Witchcraft and Belief in Early Modern Scotland (2008) (as co-editor with Lauren Martin and Joyce Miller). He is currently writing The European Witch-Hunt for Routledge. He was Director of the Survey of Scottish Witchcraft, which went online in 2003.

Rune Blix Hagen

is an Associate Professor of History in the Department of History and Religious Studies in the Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education, at the University of Tromsø. His fields of research include the persecution of alleged witches in Arctic Norway, 1590–1695 and the relationship between shamanism and witchcraft. He has also written books and articles on early modern mentalities, historiography, and the discovery and exploration of the extreme north during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Tamar Herzig

is a senior lecturer in early modern history at Tel Aviv University, Israel, and the author of Savonarola’s Women: Visions and Reform in Renaissance Italy (2008). Her articles on fifteenth and sixteenth-century Italian inquisitors and demonologists were published in the Sixteenth Century Journal, Journal of Early Modern History and Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft, and she also contributed entries to the Encyclopedia of Witchcraft (2006) and to the Dizionario Storico dell’Inquisizione. She is currently working on a book exploring the connection among the gendering of heresy, mystical sanctity, and witchcraft on the eve of the Reformation.

Richard Kieckhefer

teaches at Northwestern University, in the departments of Religious Studies and History. He works on the religious culture of late medieval Europe, including the history of witchcraft and magic. His publications in this area include (p. xii) European Witch Trials: Their Foundations in Popular and Learned Culture (1976), Magic in the Middle Ages (1989), and Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer’s Handbook of the Fifteenth Century (1997). He also has a long-standing interest in the history of church-building as it relates to late medieval religion and society.

Valerie Kivelson

is Professor of History and Arthur F. Thurnau Professor at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Her newest work, Desperate Magic: The Moral Economy of Witchcraft in Seventeenth Century Russia will be published in 2013. She is the author of Cartographies of Tsardom: The Land and Its Meanings in Seventeenth-Century Russia (2006) and Autocracy in the Provinces: Russian Political Culture and the Gentry in the Seventeenth Century (1997), and co-editor of several volumes, including, with Joan Neuberger, Picturing Russia: Explorations in Visual Culture (2008).

Ildikó Sz. Kristóf

is Senior Research Fellow in the Institute of Ethnology of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest. She holds her Ph.D. from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1994). Her doctoral thesis, ‘The Social and Cultural Foundation of Witch-Hunting in the City of Debrecen and Bihar County between the Sixteenth and the Eighteenth Centuries’, was published in Hungarian in 1998. Her research interests include the social and cultural history of witch-hunting, the history of early modern communication (orality, writing, and printing), and currently the history of the science of anthropology (the reception and appropriation of non-European indigenous peoples, especially American Indians in Eastern Europe/Hungary).

Brian P. Levack

is the John E. Green Regents Professor in History at the University of Texas at Austin. He has published widely on English and Scottish legal history and the history of witchcraft prosecutions. His publications on witchcraft include The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe (3rd edn, 2006) and Witch-Hunting in Scotland: Law, Politics and Religion (2008). He is co-author of Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries (1999) and the editor of The Witchcraft Sourcebook (2004). His most recent book is The Devil Within: Possession and Exorcism in the Christian West (2013).

William Monter,

Professor Emeritus of History at Northwestern University, has published often on this subject since 1971 and contributed numerous articles to Richard Golden, ed., Encyclopedia of Witchcraft: The Western Tradition (2006). His most recent book is The Bewitched Duchy: Lorraine and Its Dukes, 1477–1737 (2007). He serves on the editorial board of Magic, Ritual and Witchcraft.

Michael Ostling

has taught at the University of Toronto, Wilfrid Laurier University, and Central Michigan University. He is the author of Between the Devil and the Host: Imagining Witchcraft in Early Modern Poland (2011). As a postdoctoral fellow at the Centre for the History of European Discourses at the University of Queensland, Ostling is currently undertaking research on the intermingling of beliefs related to fairies, goblins, and devils.

(p. xiii) Diane Purkiss

is Fellow and Tutor in English at Keble College, Oxford. She has published widely on witchcraft in history and literature, and on the English Civil War, Milton and Marvell. Her next book will be entitled Shakespeare and the Supernatural, and she is also working on a history of food and taste. 

Thomas Robisheaux

is the Fred W. Schaffer Professor of History at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. He is author of Rural Society and the Search for Order in Early Modern Germany (1989) and The Last Witch of Langenburg: Murder in a German Village (2009). His research interests include the social and cultural history of early modern Germany, the history of magic, religion, and science in the Western world to the present day and micro-historical approaches to history.

Alison Rowlands

took a BA in history at St Hilda’s College, Oxford and a Ph.D. in early modern German history under the supervision of Bob Scribner at Clare College, Cambridge. She has taught early modern history at the University of Essex since 1992. Her main areas of research interest are early modern witchcraft and witch-trials; women and gender; and the history of Rothenburg ob der Tauber. Key publications include Witchcraft Narratives in Germany: Rothenburg, 1561–1652 (2003), ‘Witchcraft and Old Women in Early Modern Germany’, Past & Present (2001), and (ed.) Witchcraft and Masculinities in Early Modern Europe (2009).

Walter Stephens

is the Charles S. Singleton Professor of Italian Studies at Johns Hopkins University. He is the author of Giants in Those Days: Folklore, Ancient History, and Nationalism (1989), Demon Lovers: Witchcraft, Sex, and the Crisis of Belief (2002), and co-editor of The Body in Early Modern Italy (Baltimore, 2010). His articles on witchcraft and demonology appear in Encyclopedia of Witchcraft: The Western Tradition (Santa Barbara, 2006), The Encyclopedia of Religion (2nd edn, Detroit, 2005), A Cultural History of Sexuality in the Renaissance (2011), and other reference works.

Hans de Waardt

lectures on early modern cultural history at VU University in Amsterdam, where he also acts as coordinator of a masters course on the history of medicine. His research focuses on the history of witchcraft, on medical history, and on the history of science and humanism in the early modern Low Countries. In 1991 he published Toverij en samenleving: Holland 1500–1800 (Sorcery and Society: Holland 1500–1800), and in 2005 Mending Minds: A Cultural History of Dutch Academic Psychiatry. Currently he is preparing an intellectual biography of Johan Wier, the Dutch physician who in 1563 published his plea against the witchcraft prosecutions, De praestigiis daemonum (On the Illusions of Demons).

Gary K. Waite

is a Professor of medieval and early-modern History at the University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada. His research on the Reformation and the witch-hunts has resulted in several articles and two books: Heresy, Magic, and Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe (2003) and Eradicating the Devil’s Minions: Anabaptists and Witches in Reformation Europe (2007). He is currently pursuing research on the (p. xiv) intersecting themes of spiritualism and beliefs about Jews and Muslims in seventeenth-century Europe.

Gerhild Scholz Williams

is the Barbara Schaps Thomas and David M. Thomas Professor in the Humanities in Arts and Sciences, Vice Provost, and Associate Vice Chancellor at Washington University in St Louis. She has written books and articles on German and French medieval and early modern literature and culture, including Ways of Knowing in Early Modern Germany: Johannes Praetorius as a Witness to his Time (2006), On the Inconstancy of Witches: Pierre de Lancre’s Tableau de l’inconstance des mauvais anges et demons (1612) (2006), and Defining Dominion: The Discourses of Magic and Witchcraft in Early Modern France and Germany (l995).

Charles Zika

is Professorial Fellow in the School of Historical and Philosophical Studies at the University of Melbourne, and Chief Investigator in the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in the History of the Emotions (Europe 1100–1800). He is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities and in 2010–11 was resident fellow at the Institute of Advanced Studies, Lichtenberg-Kolleg, University of Goettingen. His publications have focused on the religious and visual culture of early modern Germany, and his most recent book is The Appearance of Witchcraft: Print and Visual Culture in Sixteenth-Century Europe (2007).