- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Universal Grammar
- List of Figures and Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- The Contributors
- Universal Grammar and Philosophy of Mind
- Universal Grammar and Philosophy of Language
- On the History of Universal Grammar
- The Concept of Explanatory Adequacy
- Third-Factor Explanations and Universal Grammar
- Formal and Functional Explanation
- Phonology in Universal Grammar
- Semantics in Universal Grammar
- The Argument from the Poverty of the Stimulus
- First Language Acquisition
- The Role of Universal Grammar in Nonnative Language Acquisition
- Principles and Parameters of Universal Grammar
- Linguistic Typology
- Parameter Theory and Parametric Comparison
- A Null Theory of Creole Formation Based on Universal Grammar
- Language Change
- Language Pathology
- The Syntax of Sign Language and Universal Grammar
- Looking for UG in Animals: A Case Study in Phonology
- Index of Authors
- Index of Subjects
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
Universal Grammar (UG) denotes the species-specific faculty of language, presumed to be invariant across individuals. Over the years, it has shrunk from a full-blown set of principles and parameters to a much smaller set of properties, possibly as small as just containing the linguistic structure-building operation Merge, which in turn derives the uniquely human language property of recursion (Hauser et al., 2002). UG qua human faculty of language is further assumed to constitute the ‘optimal solution to minimal design specifications’ (Chomsky 2001:1), a perfect system for language. Unfortunately, the human system or physiology does not always run perfectly smooth in an optimal fashion. There are malfunctions, misformations, and other aberrations throughout. The language system is no exception. This chapter will present language pathology from the perspective of the underlying system: What can non-intact language tell us about UG?
Ianthi Maria Tsimpli is Professor of English and Applied Linguistics in the Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics at the University of Cambridge. She works on language development in the first and second language in children and adults, language impairment, attrition, bilingualism, language processing, and the interaction between language, cognitive abilities, and print exposure.
Maria Kambanaros, a certified bilingual speech pathologist with 30 years clinical experience, is Associate Professor of Speech Pathology at Cyprus University of Technology. Her research interests are related to language and cognitive impairments across neurological and genetic pathologies (e.g., stroke, dementia, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, specific language impairment, syndromes). She has published in the areas of speech pathology, language therapy, and (neuro)linguistics, and directs the Cyprus Neurorehabilitation Centre.
Kleanthes K. Grohmann received his Ph.D. from the University of Maryland and is currently Professor of Biolinguistics at the University of Cyprus. He has published widely in the areas of syntactic theory, comparative syntax, language acquisition, impaired language, and multilingualism. Among the books he has written and (co-)edited are Understanding Minimalism (with N. Hornstein and J. Nunes, 2005, CUP), InterPhases (2009, OUP), and The Cambridge Handbook of Biolinguistics (with Cedric Boeckx, 2013, CUP). He is founding co-editor of the John Benjamins book series Language Faculty and Beyond, editor of the open-access journal Biolinguistics, and Director of the Cyprus Acquisition Team (CAT Lab).
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