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date: 30 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Finite-state machines—automata and transducers—are ubiquitous in natural-language processing and computational linguistics. This chapter introduces the fundamentals of finite-state automata and transducers, both probabilistic and non-probabilistic, illustrating the technology with example applications and common usage. It also covers the construction of transducers, which correspond to regular relations, and automata, which correspond to regular languages. The technologies introduced are widely employed in natural language processing, computational phonology and morphology in particular, and this is illustrated through common practical use cases.

Keywords: finite-state machine, finite-state transducer, regular language, regular relation, computational phonology and morphology

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