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The author has added a postscript that reflects on subject area changes that have taken place since the article was originally written in 2012.

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date: 30 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

The ability to communicate in writing is an essential skill in modern society. But ability in writing varies considerably; and no matter what their existing level of competence, most writers would acknowledge that what they write could often be improved. Given that the output of the writing process is natural language, it seems plausible that natural language processing techniques might be used to analyse this output and to suggest ways to improve it. In various guises, this has indeed been an application of NLP at least since the 1960s. In this chapter, we survey the different kinds of assistance to authors that NLP makes possible; we describe what can be done today, and explore what might be possible in the future.

Keywords: spell-checking, spelling error correction, grammar checking, style checking, natural language generation

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