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date: 13 October 2019

(p. xxvi) Abbreviations

(p. xxvi) Abbreviations

  • ~


  • AMS

    Accelerated Mass Spectometry

  • a.s.l.

    above sea level

  • BP

    Before Present (0r BP = 1950 ad)

  • ENSO

    El Niño Southern Oscillation

  • GIS

    Geographic Information Systems

  • GPR

    Ground-Penetrating Radar

  • GPS

    Global Positioning Systems

  • ha


  • ICOM

    International Council on Museums

  • IND

    Inland Niger Delta

  • kya

    1,000 years ago


    Light Detection And Ranging

  • MIS

    Marine Isotope Stage

  • mya

    million years ago OSLOptically Stimulated Luminescence

  • PCR

    Polymerase Chain Reaction

  • SGC

    Single Grave Culture

  • SIP

    Spectral Induced Polarization


    United Nations Economic, Social and Cultural Organization

  • USDA

    US Department of Agriculture

  • WMD

    Wiggle-Match Dating