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date: 18 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on intertidal excavations, identifying the logistical problems that may arise when narrow tidal windows limit the access and permanence on site. The discussions cover intertidal formation processes; survey techniques; Palaeolithic intertidal sites; Holocene hunter-gatherer intertidal sites; the coastal zone and agricultural communities; fishing structures; ships and boats; and drainage, land claim, water power, and conflict. Enormous areas of land have been subject to intertidal conditions at various times in the past, including areas now fully submerged and areas of former intertidal conditions now reclaimed. Regardless of whether these areas are within the intertidal zone today or not, their interpretation requires an understanding of the distinctive formation process of the intertidal archaeological record.

Keywords: intertidal zone, intertidal archaeology, wetland archaeology, intertidal formation, intertidal sites, coastal zone, fishing structures, drainage, land claim, water power

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