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date: 18 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter begins with a brief outline of crannog studies. It then discusses the current form and distribution of crannogs; origins and dating; original constructions, form, and issues of taphonomy; and the use, continuum, abandonment, and reuse of crannog structures. Crannogs represent one of the largest collections of known archaeological sites, with extensive and rich preservation. However, despite a recent resurgence of interest and increasingly sophisticated approaches to analysis, their potential has inevitably remained largely untapped. They are complex, often difficult sites to excavate. The taphonomic processes at work in creating the deposits we now see are still poorly understood. While there have been some useful attempts at model building, more baseline data need to be gathered on the formation of crannog deposits, to allow full understanding of the dynamics of the construction, use, collapse, and decay of crannog mounds.

Keywords: wetland sites, wetland settlements, Ireland, Scotland, wetland archaeology, crannog structures, taphonomy

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