Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the history of wetland archaeology in eastern Russia; human occupation of wetlands in eastern Russia; chronology of the wetland sites; economy of the wetland sites; and palaeoenvironment of the wetland sites. After more than a century of research at the wetland sites of the Middle Urals, it can be concluded that they were initially settled at least in the Mesolithic, c. 9800 BP, based on data from the Shigirsky and Gorbunov moors. Extensive use of wetlands is known in the Neolithic (c. 7000–4500 BP) and Aeneolithic–Bronze Age (c. 4500–3500 BP), with hunting and fishing as the main economic activities. The diverse natural resources, such as mammals, birds, fish, and plants, were used to sustain the prehistoric populations of the Middle Urals. Watercraft existed from the Mesolithic onwards, and exploitation of water resources was practised by different means, with the use of nets and rods for fishing.

Keywords: eastern Russia, wetland archaeology, human occupation, chronology, economy, palaeoenvironment, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Aeneolithic–Bronze Age

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.