- Introduction: The Bronze Age of Europe
- Old Father Time: The Bronze Age Chronology of Western Europe
- Europe 2500 to 2200 BC: Between Expiring Ideologies and Emerging Complexity
- A Little Bit of History Repeating Itself: Theories on the Bell Beaker Phenomenon
- Bronze Age Settlements
- Hoards and the Deposition of Metalwork
- Monuments and Monumentality in Bronze Age Europe
- The Contribution of Skeletal Isotope Analysis to Understanding the Bronze Age in Europe
- The Myth of the Chief: Prestige Goods, Power, and Personhood in the European Bronze Age
- Identity, Gender, and Dress in the European Bronze Age
- Warfare in the European Bronze Age
- Rethinking Bronze Age Cosmology: A North European Perspective
- Bronze Age Rock Art in Northern Europe: Contexts and Interpretations
- Rock Carvings and Alpine Statue-Menhirs, from the Chalcolithic to the Middle Bronze Age
- Bronze Age Fieldsand Land Division
- Animals in Bronze Age Europe
- Plant Cultivation in the Bronze Age
- Trade and Exchange
- Seafaring and Riverine Navigation in the Bronze Age of Europe
- Land Transport in the Bronze Age
- Copper and Bronze: Bronze Age Metalworking in Context
- Bronze Age Coppermining in Europe
- Gold and Gold Working of the Bronze Age
- Craft Production: Ceramics, Textiles, and Bone
- Glass and Faience
- Salt Production in the Bronze Age
- Weighing, Commodification, and Money
Abstract and Keywords
This article surveys the various monuments that were built in Bronze Age Europe. It notes that most of these monuments were for burial purposes, although some were built for celebrations and gods. The discussion emphasises the importance of having a wider sense of ‘monumentality’ when looking at the Bronze Age, since it is the dramatic content that is important for the monuments’ interpretation and recognition. It then takes a look at seven broad monumental types that can be located in one or more of five geographical zones which extend across peninsular Europe between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean. The article determines that while some monumental traditions in Bronze Age Europe continued from the Neolithic and Chalcolithic times, new traditions also developed and served as the basis for future changes.
Timothy Darvill is Professor of Archaeology, School of Conservation Sciences, Bournemouth University.
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