- Introduction: The Bronze Age of Europe
- Old Father Time: The Bronze Age Chronology of Western Europe
- Europe 2500 to 2200 BC: Between Expiring Ideologies and Emerging Complexity
- A Little Bit of History Repeating Itself: Theories on the Bell Beaker Phenomenon
- Bronze Age Settlements
- Hoards and the Deposition of Metalwork
- Monuments and Monumentality in Bronze Age Europe
- The Contribution of Skeletal Isotope Analysis to Understanding the Bronze Age in Europe
- The Myth of the Chief: Prestige Goods, Power, and Personhood in the European Bronze Age
- Identity, Gender, and Dress in the European Bronze Age
- Warfare in the European Bronze Age
- Rethinking Bronze Age Cosmology: A North European Perspective
- Bronze Age Rock Art in Northern Europe: Contexts and Interpretations
- Rock Carvings and Alpine Statue-Menhirs, from the Chalcolithic to the Middle Bronze Age
- Bronze Age Fieldsand Land Division
- Animals in Bronze Age Europe
- Plant Cultivation in the Bronze Age
- Trade and Exchange
- Seafaring and Riverine Navigation in the Bronze Age of Europe
- Land Transport in the Bronze Age
- Copper and Bronze: Bronze Age Metalworking in Context
- Bronze Age Coppermining in Europe
- Gold and Gold Working of the Bronze Age
- Craft Production: Ceramics, Textiles, and Bone
- Glass and Faience
- Salt Production in the Bronze Age
- Weighing, Commodification, and Money
Abstract and Keywords
This article studies Europe during the period between 2500 and 2200 BC. It first studies 2500 BC, which was when the Bell Beaker phenomenon and the Early Bronze Age occurred. The next section focuses on the period of the ‘International Spirit’ that occurred within the Aegean; this also marked the start of the Early Bronze Age. Three European regions came into closer contact and direct exchange with this Aegean network during the Early Bronze Age, namely the southern central Mediterranean and the eastern and western Balkans. The article then discusses the slow transmission of new values, achievements, and ideas between 2500 and 2200 BC. It ends with two sections on the Bell Beaker phenomenon, which represents the climax of ideologically driven cultural events.
Volker Heyd is a Reader in Prehistoric Archaeology at the University of Bristol in the UK and a visiting Professor at the Institut für Kunstgeschichte und Archäologien Europas, Prähistorische Archäologie at the Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg in Germany.
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