- Introduction: The Bronze Age of Europe
- Old Father Time: The Bronze Age Chronology of Western Europe
- Europe 2500 to 2200 BC: Between Expiring Ideologies and Emerging Complexity
- A Little Bit of History Repeating Itself: Theories on the Bell Beaker Phenomenon
- Bronze Age Settlements
- Hoards and the Deposition of Metalwork
- Monuments and Monumentality in Bronze Age Europe
- The Contribution of Skeletal Isotope Analysis to Understanding the Bronze Age in Europe
- The Myth of the Chief: Prestige Goods, Power, and Personhood in the European Bronze Age
- Identity, Gender, and Dress in the European Bronze Age
- Warfare in the European Bronze Age
- Rethinking Bronze Age Cosmology: A North European Perspective
- Bronze Age Rock Art in Northern Europe: Contexts and Interpretations
- Rock Carvings and Alpine Statue-Menhirs, from the Chalcolithic to the Middle Bronze Age
- Bronze Age Fieldsand Land Division
- Animals in Bronze Age Europe
- Plant Cultivation in the Bronze Age
- Trade and Exchange
- Seafaring and Riverine Navigation in the Bronze Age of Europe
- Land Transport in the Bronze Age
- Copper and Bronze: Bronze Age Metalworking in Context
- Bronze Age Coppermining in Europe
- Gold and Gold Working of the Bronze Age
- Craft Production: Ceramics, Textiles, and Bone
- Glass and Faience
- Salt Production in the Bronze Age
- Weighing, Commodification, and Money
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines land transport and transport connections (roads and paths) in the Bronze Age. It shows that the spoked wheel was one of the most relevant innovations during this period, since it caused a considerable reduction in weight. The article then studies the possible speeds of transport and loads for humans and animals, and discusses in detail the development and functions of the wheel (wooden-disc, wooden-spoked, and metal-spoked wheels) and wagons (two- and four-wheeled wagons). It concludes that the wagon and the wheel had a multi-layered importance during the Bronze Age, as shown by the different finds and contexts which go well beyond transport purposes.
Marion Uckelmann, Department of Archaeology, University of Exeter.
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