- Introduction: The Bronze Age of Europe
- Old Father Time: The Bronze Age Chronology of Western Europe
- Europe 2500 to 2200 BC: Between Expiring Ideologies and Emerging Complexity
- A Little Bit of History Repeating Itself: Theories on the Bell Beaker Phenomenon
- Bronze Age Settlements
- Hoards and the Deposition of Metalwork
- Monuments and Monumentality in Bronze Age Europe
- The Contribution of Skeletal Isotope Analysis to Understanding the Bronze Age in Europe
- The Myth of the Chief: Prestige Goods, Power, and Personhood in the European Bronze Age
- Identity, Gender, and Dress in the European Bronze Age
- Warfare in the European Bronze Age
- Rethinking Bronze Age Cosmology: A North European Perspective
- Bronze Age Rock Art in Northern Europe: Contexts and Interpretations
- Rock Carvings and Alpine Statue-Menhirs, from the Chalcolithic to the Middle Bronze Age
- Bronze Age Fieldsand Land Division
- Animals in Bronze Age Europe
- Plant Cultivation in the Bronze Age
- Trade and Exchange
- Seafaring and Riverine Navigation in the Bronze Age of Europe
- Land Transport in the Bronze Age
- Copper and Bronze: Bronze Age Metalworking in Context
- Bronze Age Coppermining in Europe
- Gold and Gold Working of the Bronze Age
- Craft Production: Ceramics, Textiles, and Bone
- Glass and Faience
- Salt Production in the Bronze Age
- Weighing, Commodification, and Money
Abstract and Keywords
This article takes a look at trade and exchange in Bronze Age Europe. It first determines whether the word ‘trade’ should be used in a prehistoric context, since it implies an economic system that uses money and has markets – two aspects which were not common at the time. The article then identifies the primary sources of evidence of trade and exchange in the Bronze Age, such as shipwrecks that carried cargo from European countries and objects which were found outside their places of manufacture. These objects are raw materials (e.g. copper and gold) and finished goods. The latter half of the article considers the significance of these evidences for contact and exchange, and addresses the question of linkage and connectivity during the Bronze Age.
Anthony Harding, Department of Archaeology, University of Exeter.
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