- Introduction: The Bronze Age of Europe
- Old Father Time: The Bronze Age Chronology of Western Europe
- Europe 2500 to 2200 BC: Between Expiring Ideologies and Emerging Complexity
- A Little Bit of History Repeating Itself: Theories on the Bell Beaker Phenomenon
- Bronze Age Settlements
- Hoards and the Deposition of Metalwork
- Monuments and Monumentality in Bronze Age Europe
- The Contribution of Skeletal Isotope Analysis to Understanding the Bronze Age in Europe
- The Myth of the Chief: Prestige Goods, Power, and Personhood in the European Bronze Age
- Identity, Gender, and Dress in the European Bronze Age
- Warfare in the European Bronze Age
- Rethinking Bronze Age Cosmology: A North European Perspective
- Bronze Age Rock Art in Northern Europe: Contexts and Interpretations
- Rock Carvings and Alpine Statue-Menhirs, from the Chalcolithic to the Middle Bronze Age
- Bronze Age Fieldsand Land Division
- Animals in Bronze Age Europe
- Plant Cultivation in the Bronze Age
- Trade and Exchange
- Seafaring and Riverine Navigation in the Bronze Age of Europe
- Land Transport in the Bronze Age
- Copper and Bronze: Bronze Age Metalworking in Context
- Bronze Age Coppermining in Europe
- Gold and Gold Working of the Bronze Age
- Craft Production: Ceramics, Textiles, and Bone
- Glass and Faience
- Salt Production in the Bronze Age
- Weighing, Commodification, and Money
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses several ways of rethinking cosmology in the Bronze Age using a north European perspective, and identifies two basic premises for studying human life-worlds using archaeological means, namely material culture and the immaterial world. Next, it shows how the craft of smiths in the Bronze Age was connected with cosmology and introduces the idea of a gift as ‘total prestation’, along with the use of gifts and counter gifts within the Bronze Age prestige goods systems. The article also determines that the cosmologies of the Bronze Age life-world were based on pragmatic ritualised practices, which were continuously repeated and recreated at certain times and occasions. It also suggests that rock art and offering can be seen as counter-gifts or as acts of emplacement.
Joakim Goldhahn, School of Cultural Sciences, Linnaeus University.
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