- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- List of Contributors
- Corpus Design
- Data Collection
- Corpus Annotation: Methodology and Transcription Systems
- On Automatic Phonological Transcription of Speech Corpora
- Statistical Corpus Exploitation
- Corpus Archiving and Dissemination
- Metadata Formats
- Data Formats for Phonological Corpora
- Corpus and Research in Phonetics and Phonology: Methodological and Formal Considerations
- A Corpus-Based Study of Apicalization of /s/ before /l/ in Oslo Norwegian
- Corpora, Variation, and Phonology: An Illustration from French Liaison
- Corpus-Based Investigations of Child Phonological Development: Formal and Practical Considerations
- Corpus Phonology and Second Language Acquisition
- ELAN: Multimedia Annotation Application
- The Use of Praat in Corpus Research
- Praat Scripting
- The PhonBank Project: Data and Software-Assisted Methods for the Study of Phonology and Phonological Development
- ANVIL: The Video Annotation Research Tool
- Web-Based Archiving and Sharing of Phonological Corpora
- The IViE Corpus
- French Phonology from a Corpus Perspective: The PFC Programme
- Two Norwegian Speech Corpora: NoTa-Oslo and TAUS
- The LeaP Corpus
- The Diachronic Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English: Annotation Practices and Dissemination Strategies
- The Lanchart Corpus
- Phonological and Phonetic Databases at the Meertens Institute
- The VALIBEL Speech Database
- Prosody and Discourse in the Australian Map Task Corpus
- A Phonological Corpus of L1 Acquisition of Taiwan Southern Min
Abstract and Keywords
As an illustration of how corpora may be used in phonological analyses, this chapter treats an ongoing change in East Norwegian by means of two corpora of Oslo speech. The chapter’s aim within this handbook is to explore the use of these corpora in the analysis of a complex change where extra- as well as intralinguistic factors influence the application of the rule under analysis, and where among the latter type, lexical as well as phonological and morphophonological factors all seem to be involved. The basic question will be how far a corpus can take us in our attempt at disentangling the different structural factors that seem to be active in the change. The conclusion will be that a corpus-based analysis is far superior to an intuition-based one; but—perhaps not surprisingly—not all questions raised by our analysis can be satisfactorily answered. The chapter also provides an example of how results from a quantitative, corpus-based investigation can be further elaborated by means of a corpus-external statistical package, in this case the GoldVarb software developed primarily for sociolinguistic analysis.
Gjert Kristoffersen is Professor of Scandinavian languages at the University of Bergen. His research interests are synchronic and diachronic aspects of Scandinavian phonology, especially Norwegian and Swedish prosody from a variationist perspective. He is the author of “The Phonology of Norwegian, published by Oxford University Press in 2000.
Hanne Gram Simonsen is Professor of Linguistics at the Department of Linguistics and Scandinavian studies at the University of Oslo. Her research interests include language acquisition (in particular phonology, morphology, and lexicon) and instrumental and articulatory phonetics, as well as clinical linguistics (language disorders in children and adults). She has published on these topics in journals such as Journal of Child Language, Journal of Phonetics, and Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics.
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