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date: 23 January 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Distinguished in the first century bce as 'the first city of the civilized world', Alexandria still wore the accolade 'crown of all cities' as late as the fourth century bce. After Egypt's annexation by Rome in 30 bce, the luminous city that had been the capital of Ptolemaic Egypt was transformed into the seat of the praefectus Alexandreae et Aegyptii, appointed by the Roman emperor, the prefect's administrative title at once privileging Alexandria while concurrently recalling the city's geographical siting on Egypt's edge. This article discusses Alexandria's social structure, economy, topography, civic buildings, religion, houses for the living, and houses for the dead.

Keywords: Roman Egypt, cities, social structure, economy, topography, religion, civic buildings

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