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date: 23 January 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This article looks at the evidence for classical architecture in stone in the urban centres of Middle Egypt, including one new Greek city and three metropoleis. These are Antinoopolis, the city of the deified Bithynian youth Antinoos, which is known mainly from the illustrations and descriptions compiled by Edmé Jomard and the Napoleonic expedition, the Description de l'Égypte; Hermopolis Magna, the great city of the god Hermes (Egyptian Thoth), known from surviving structures and the evidence of the Napoleonic expedition; Oxyrhynchus, the city of the sacred mormyrus fish, which is known from sketches by Vivant Denon, leader of the Napoleonic expedition, from Jomard's description, and from a few extant buildings or photographs of ruins; and Herakleopolis Magna, the great city of the Greek god Herakles, which is known from two surviving groups of buildings, Jomard's notes, and some modern plans.

Keywords: Middle Egypt, urban centres, Antinoopolis, Hermopolis Magna, Oxyrhynchus, Herakleopolis Magna

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