Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 15 December 2019

(p. xix) Tables

(p. xix) Tables

  1. 1.1 Weighted average growth rates 11

  2. 1.2 Indicators of human development 12

  3. 1.3 GDP per capita in richest Latin American countries vs. southern Europe and Japan 13

  4. 1.4 Relative growth performance, 1990–2008 21

  5. 2.1 Per capita GDP, population, and GDP 1500–2003 by region and relative to world average 28

  6. 2.2 Per capita GDP of some Latin American countries, 1820–2003 32

  7. 3.1 Features of public policies and economic development 60

  8. 3.2 Features of public policies in Latin American countries 61

  9. 3.3 Summary of some measures of legislature capabilities 66

  10. 3.4 Relative judicial independence, selected Latin American and Caribbean countries, 1975 and 2005 68

  11. 4.1 The decalogue of Washington Consensus policies (1989) 81

  12. 5.1 Growth of per capita income in selected countries, 1950–2006 112

  13. 5.2 Old and new developmentalism 119

  14. 5.3 Conventional orthodoxy and new developmentalism (growth) 123

  15. 5.4 Conventional orthodoxy and new developmentalism (macro) 123

  16. 6.1 Physical indicators for Latin America and the Caribbean: average annual growth rates 132

  17. 6.2 Latin America and the Caribbean: trade composition by category, 1990–2006 135

  18. 6.3 Under-5 mortality 141

  19. 6.4 PM10 emissions in select cities 141

  20. 6.A1 Multilateral environmental agreements 153

  21. 6.A2 Multilateral environmental agreements 154

  22. 6.A3 Multilateral environmental agreements 155

  23. 7.1 Latin America (19): composition of capital flows, 1977–2008 170

  24. 8.1 RER volatility 201

  25. 10.1 Size of the financial system in Latin America 245

  26. 10.2 Stock market turnover ratios 254

  27. 11.1 Tax revenue as a percentage of GDP 269

  28. 11.2 Public balance as a percentage of GDP 280

  29. 12.1 The size of government, Latin American and OECD countries 297

  30. 12.2 Analysis of government revenue, Latin American and OECD countries 300

  31. (p. xx) 12.3 Analysis of government expenditure, Latin American and OECD countries 302

  32. 13.1 Trends in average applied tariff rates, 1985–2007 321

  33. 13.2 Latin American weight in world merchandise exports, selected periods 322

  34. 13.3 Latin America and the Caribbean: total exports by subregional integration scheme, 1990–2007 325

  35. 13.4 Preferential trade agreements notified to the GATT/WTO 329

  36. 13.5 Export shares by main destination, 2000 and 2007 332

  37. 14.1 Old and new regionalism: objectives and stylized facts 350

  38. 14.2 Old and new regionalism: policy instruments 351

  39. 14.3 Product structure of Latin American trade flows 356

  40. 14.4 Intra-industry trade in Latin American regional integration agreements 357

  41. 14.5 Geographical structure of Latin American trade flows 357

  42. 15.1 Average tariffs 369

  43. 15.2 Imports and exports of goods and services 370

  44. 15.3 A summary of Latin Americans' opinions about trade liberalization 373

  45. 15.4 The growth effect of Latin American trade reforms: summary of econometric estimates 375

  46. 15.5 Sectoral employment in Latin America, 1980s–2000s 379

  47. 17.1(a) Summary statistics: mean of variables (all countries, 1980–2005) 413

  48. 17.1(b) Summary statistics: mean of variables (high net exporters/importers, 1980–2005) 413

  49. 17.2(a) OLS results: determinants of HDI change 427

  50. 17.2(b) OLS results: determinants of GDP per capita growth 428

  51. 17.2(c) OLS results: determinants of change in literacy ratio 429

  52. 17.2(d) OLS results: determinants of gross enrollment ratio 430

  53. 17.2(e) OLS results: determinants of life expectancy 431

  54. 17.3 Latin American interaction results: determinants of HDI change 432

  55. 18.1 Distribution of FDI in Latin America, 1994–2003 and 2004–8 442

  56. 19.1 Five countries, ten sectors, dominate LAC trade to China 464

  57. 19.2 Share of Chinese exports in selected countries and sectors, 2008 465

  58. 19.3 Latin America's top commodity exports in context 466

  59. 19.4 Chinese export market shares 473

  60. 19.5 China: taking away the (manufacturing) ladder? 476

  61. 19.6 Threatened exports to the world 479

  62. 19.7 Exports to Latin America: share of total 481

  63. 19.8 Threatened exports to Latin America, 2006 482

  64. 19.9 Characteristics and dynamism of top 20 LAC manufacturing imports from China 483

  65. 20.1 Characteristics and composition of migrant population by major world region 493

  66. (p. xxi) 20.2 Latin America: immigrants, emigrants, and net migration, by major international region 495

  67. 20.3 Major intraregional gross migration flows in Latin America 496

  68. 20.4 Gross immigration from Latin America, stock and flow by country of birth: USA and Spain 499

  69. 20.5 Latin American immigrants in USA and Spain, by sex and sex ratio 503

  70. 20.6 Characteristics of employment by migratory condition: USA and Spain, 2007 512

  71. 21.1 Growth in GDP per capita and GDP per worker and workers per capita, 1997–2007 521

  72. 21.2 GDP per worker and contribution of increased schooling 522

  73. 21.3 Centrality of goods in the product space 533

  74. 21.4 Growth regressions controlling for the product space 537

  75. 21.5 Typology of development policies 539

  76. 22.1 Phases of economic growth in Latin America 551

  77. 22.2 Specialization, productive structure, TCs, and growth 556

  78. 22.3 Productive structure and technology: selected countries 558

  79. 23.1 TFP growth: Latin America, Asia, South Africa, and OECD, 1960–2004 579

  80. 24.1 Changes to the agro-productive structure of Latin America, 1979/81–2005/7 619

  81. 24.2 Variations in the stock and production value of the livestock sector, 1980–2005 622

  82. 24.3 Latin American trade in agro-food products, 1979/81–2004/6 625

  83. 24.4 Destination of farm exports by subregion, 1982/4–2004/6 626

  84. 24.5 Share of agricultural added value in total GDP: average per decade, 1980–2007 628

  85. 24.6 Population and employment in Latin America 629

  86. 24.7 Poverty and extreme poverty in Latin America, 1980–2007 630

  87. 25.1 Latin America and the Caribbean: trade balance, 2007 639

  88. 25.2 Importance of the hydrocarbon sector in the economy, 2007 640

  89. 25.3 Investment by state-owned and mixed oil enterprises, 2000–8 647

  90. 25.4 Latin America: export capacity by gas pipeline, 2008 650

  91. 25.5 Regasification terminal capacity 651

  92. 25.6 Latin America: biofuel mix for gasoline and diesel 654

  93. 26.1 Infrastructure quantity and quality: LAC vis-à-vis other regions 662

  94. 26.2 Access to infrastructure 669

  95. 26.3 Investment in infrastructure in Latin America, 1981–2006 677

  96. 28.1 Evolution of income poverty in Latin America 717

  97. 28.2 Evolution of the Human Development Index in LAC countries 727

  98. 28.3 Multidimensional poverty index in Latin America and the Caribbean 735

  99. (p. xxii) 29.1 Macroeconomic volatility 744

  100. 29.2 Incidence of recessions 746

  101. 29.3 Managing risks and vulnerabilities 757

  102. 30.1 Informal economy in Latin America, 1990–2008 776

  103. 31.1 Reforms to procedures affecting external flexibility, 1985–99 794

  104. 31.2 Reforms to procedures affecting external flexibility, 2000–10 795

  105. 31.3 Enforcement resources in Latin America, 1985–2009 806

  106. 31.4 Enforcement resources by RBTA negotiating status 807

  107. 32.1 Country rankings by urban enrollment rates in specific age ranges 817

  108. 32.2 Net enrollment rate, years of school, and years of schooling: Chile and Honduras 820

  109. 32.3 Ranking by average years of schooling accumulated in the formal ‘1–12’ system 822

  110. 32.4 Ranking by effectiveness gap 824

  111. 32.5 A “bottom line” ordering of countries by attendance and effectiveness 825

  112. 33.1 Social expenditures in LAC 844

  113. 33.2 Trends in social assistance expenditures in LAC countries 845

  114. 33.3 The impact of CCT programs on national poverty indices 853

  115. 34.1 Social security coverage: Latin America, c. 1990, 2002, and 2006 873