- Figures (and map)
- Shifting Paradigms in Latin America's Economic Development
- Institutions and the Historical Roots of Latin American Divergence
- Political Institutions, Policymaking, and Economic Policy in Latin America
- The Washington Consensus: Assessing A “damaged Brand”
- From Old to New Developmentalism in Latin America
- Environmental Sustainability
- Taming Capital Account Shocks: Managing Booms and Busts
- Exchange Rate Regimes in Latin America
- Monetary Policy in Latin America: Performance Under Crisis and the Challenges of Exuberance
- Domestic Financial Development in Latin America
- Fiscal Policy in Latin America
- Fiscal Legitimacy, Inequalities, and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America
- Latin America in the World Trade System
- Regional Integration
- The Effects of Trade Liberalization on Growth, Employment, and Wages
- The Recent Commodity Price Boom and Latin American Growth: More than New Bottles for an Old Wine?
- Curse or Blessing? Natural Resources and Human Development
- Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America
- China and the Future of Latin American Economic Development
- Latin America in the Recent Wave of International Migration
- Structural Transformation and Economic Growth in Latin America
- Learning, Technological Capabilities, and Structural Dynamics
- Why Has Productivity Growth Stagnated in Most Latin American Countries Since the Neo-Liberal Reforms?
- Agricultural and Rural Development
- An Energy Panorama of Latin America
- Infrastructure in Latin America
- The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Latin America
- Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Concept, Measurement, and Policy
- Economic Insecurity and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Employment: The Dominance of the Informal Economy
- Latin American Labor Reforms: Evaluating Risk and Security
- Social Protection in Latin America: Achievements and Limitations
- Social Security Reforms in Latin America
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on social assistance programmes in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC): those designed primarily to reduce poverty and deprivation. It looks briefly at the evolution of these programmes since their inception, about a century ago, but concentrates primarily on the dramatic expansion in and transformation of Latin America's social assistance portfolio in the last two decades. The chapter pays special attention to four basic types of programmes: in-kind transfers (particularly food programmes); workfare programmes; non-contributory social insurance schemes (such as social pensions); and conditional cash transfers.
Francisco H. G. Ferreira is a Lead Economist with the World Bank's Research Department, and a co-editor of the Journal of Economic Inequality. He holds a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics, and has taught at PUC-Rio de Janeiro.
David A. Robalino, Leader Labor Team, Social Protection and Labor, The World Bank, Washington, DC
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