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date: 05 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews the progress and remaining challenges in terms of raising educational quantity and quality in Latin America, focusing on primary and secondary (K-12) schooling, setting aside issues related to higher education or early childhood development. It makes the case that, in terms of quantity, the region has made substantial strides. The remaining challenges revolve around reducing delayed entry, repetition, and dropout rates. The policy outlook in this area provides some grounds for optimism, as many governments are already implementing interventions (e.g. conditional cash transfers) that have been credibly evaluated and shown to be effective at tackling these issues. Beyond this, the policy outlook in this area offers less to be optimistic about, as little is known regarding how to raise educational quality, and this knowledge base is likely to improve only slowly.

Keywords: Latin America, K-12 schooling, conditional cash transfers, educational quality

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