- Figures (and map)
- Shifting Paradigms in Latin America's Economic Development
- Institutions and the Historical Roots of Latin American Divergence
- Political Institutions, Policymaking, and Economic Policy in Latin America
- The Washington Consensus: Assessing A “damaged Brand”
- From Old to New Developmentalism in Latin America
- Environmental Sustainability
- Taming Capital Account Shocks: Managing Booms and Busts
- Exchange Rate Regimes in Latin America
- Monetary Policy in Latin America: Performance Under Crisis and the Challenges of Exuberance
- Domestic Financial Development in Latin America
- Fiscal Policy in Latin America
- Fiscal Legitimacy, Inequalities, and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America
- Latin America in the World Trade System
- Regional Integration
- The Effects of Trade Liberalization on Growth, Employment, and Wages
- The Recent Commodity Price Boom and Latin American Growth: More than New Bottles for an Old Wine?
- Curse or Blessing? Natural Resources and Human Development
- Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America
- China and the Future of Latin American Economic Development
- Latin America in the Recent Wave of International Migration
- Structural Transformation and Economic Growth in Latin America
- Learning, Technological Capabilities, and Structural Dynamics
- Why Has Productivity Growth Stagnated in Most Latin American Countries Since the Neo-Liberal Reforms?
- Agricultural and Rural Development
- An Energy Panorama of Latin America
- Infrastructure in Latin America
- The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Latin America
- Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Concept, Measurement, and Policy
- Economic Insecurity and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Employment: The Dominance of the Informal Economy
- Latin American Labor Reforms: Evaluating Risk and Security
- Social Protection in Latin America: Achievements and Limitations
- Social Security Reforms in Latin America
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter reviews the progress and remaining challenges in terms of raising educational quantity and quality in Latin America, focusing on primary and secondary (K-12) schooling, setting aside issues related to higher education or early childhood development. It makes the case that, in terms of quantity, the region has made substantial strides. The remaining challenges revolve around reducing delayed entry, repetition, and dropout rates. The policy outlook in this area provides some grounds for optimism, as many governments are already implementing interventions (e.g. conditional cash transfers) that have been credibly evaluated and shown to be effective at tackling these issues. Beyond this, the policy outlook in this area offers less to be optimistic about, as little is known regarding how to raise educational quality, and this knowledge base is likely to improve only slowly.
Miguel Urquiola is Associate Professor of the School of International and Public Affairs and Economics Department at Columbia University, New York.
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