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date: 17 April 2021

(p. xxiii) Notes on the Contributors

(p. xxiii) Notes on the Contributors

Marilyn S. Albert is a Professor of Neurology at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. She is Director of the Division of Cognitive Neuroscience and Director of the Johns Hopkins Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center. Her major area of interest is the early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease.

Ana Inés Ansaldo is a Professor in the Speech-Language Pathology Department at L’ Université de Montréal and also holds a Young Investigator Award position from Fonds de recherche en santé du Québec. She has a Ph.D in Communication Sciences and Disorders with post-doctoral training in neuroimaging. Her research interests are at the crossroads of cognitive neuropsychology, speech-language pathology, and functional neuroimaging, in particular brain plasticity for language processing in healthy and brain damaged populations.

Silke Appel-Cresswell is a movement disorder neurologist and Assistant Professor at the Pacific Parkinson’s Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. She trained in neurology, movement disorders, and psychiatry in Germany and the United Kingdom. Her research interests are the clinical and imaging aspects of cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson’s disease, including impulse control disorders.

Bernard Baertschi graduated from the University of Fribourg and obtained his doctoral degree in Philosophy at the University of Geneva in 1979. He is presently Maître d’Enseignement et de Recherche at the Institute of Biomedical Ethics at the University of Geneva. He is currently working on the ethics of biotechnologies and on neuroethics.

Roger A. Barker is the University Reader in Clinical Neuroscience and Honorary Consultant in Neurology at the University of Cambridge and Addenbrooke’s Hospital. His clinical research centers on neurodegenerative disorders and in particular the translation of novel disease-modifying therapies, including cell based treatments.

Mario Beauregard is an Associate Research Professor at the Université de Montréal (Departments of Psychology and Radiology, Neuroscience Research Center). He is the author of more than 100 publications in neuroscience, psychology, and psychiatry. His groundbreaking work on the neurobiology of emotion regulation has received international media coverage.

Mark Bernstein is a neurosurgeon at Toronto Western Hospital and a Professor of Surgery at the University of Toronto. His main clinical interests are caring for patients with brain tumors, and teaching neurosurgery in the developing world. His interests in bioethics include novel resource utilization, patient safety, and neuroethics.

(p. xxiv) Kent C. Berridge is a James Olds Collegiate Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He aims to improve understanding of the neural mechanisms of emotion, motivation, learning, and reward with implications for motivational disorders such as drug addiction and eating disorders.

Teneille R. Brown is an Associate Professor of Law at the S.J. Quinney College of Law and a member of the Division of Medical Ethics at the University of Utah. Her research is highly interdisciplinary, and analyzes legal and ethical responses to advances in biotechnology and health.

Timothy Caulfield is the Research Director of the Health Law Institute at the University of Alberta, Canada Research Chair in Health Law and Policy, a Professor in the Faculty of Law and the School of Public Health, and a Senior Health Scholar with the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research.

Camille Chatelle works as a neuropsychologist at the Coma Science Group at the Cyclotron Research Center, Sart Tilman, Liège. She graduated as a neuropsychologist from the University of Brussels (ULB, 2009). She is currently a Ph.D student at the Belgian National Fund of Scientific Research (FNRS).

Daofen Chen is the Program Director in Systems and Cognitive Neuroscience at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. He is responsible for identifying research issues and administering a grant portfolio related to sensorimotor functions and integration, focusing especially on basic and clinical sciences of sensorimotor control, neurorehabilitation, and related neurotechnologies.

Hervé Chneiweiss is a neurologist and neuroscientist, studying molecular mechanisms involved in glial cell fate dynamics that may be involve in brain tumor development. He is currently head of the Glial Plasticity laboratory INSERM/Paris Descartes University, and Research Director at CNRS. He was also the adviser for life sciences and bioethics to the French minister for research from 2000–2002.

Patricia Churchland is a Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, San Diego, and an adjunct Professor at the Salk Institute. Her research focuses on the interface between neuroscience and philosophy. She explores the impact of scientific developments on the understanding of consciousness, the self, free will, decision making, ethics, learning, and religion.

Jonathan Cohen is the Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology at Princeton University, Co-Director of the Princeton Neuroscience Institute, and Professor of Psychiatry at the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic at the University of Pittsburgh. Research in his laboratory focuses on the neurobiological mechanisms underlying cognitive control.

Alasdair Coles is a Senior Lecturer in neuroimmunology at the University of Cambridge. He researches experimental treatments of multiple sclerosis, especially a drug called alemtuzumab. He is also a minister in the Church of England.

Bruno della Chiesa is a Senior Analyst at OECD and Visiting Lecturer on Education at Harvard. He pioneered an international movement to connect brain research results with education policy. Bridging didactics of languages, cultural diversity awareness, neuroscientific (p. xxv) insights, and ethics in a globalizing world, he recently developed new theoretical schemes, including the politically controversial “cultural tesseract.”

Jessica Evert is Medical Director of Child Family Health International and recipient of Global Health Education Consortium’s 2010 Christopher Krogh Award. Dr. Evert is a longtime advocate for global health medical education quality and ethical standards and has completed international work in Kenya, Guatemala, Australia, and Cuba.

Martha J. Farah is the Walter H. Annenberg Professor in the Natural Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania, where she directs the Center for Neuroscience & Society and the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience. She was educated at MIT and Harvard, and has worked most recently on the effects of poverty on brain development and neuroethics.

Carole A. Federico is a Research Coordinator at the National Core for Neuroethics at the University of British Columbia. She completed her undergraduate studies at the University of British Columbia in Biopsychology with an interest in Philosophy. At the Core she examines the need and priorities of neuroimagers and neurodegenerative disease researchers for incorporating neuroethics into their research.

Joseph J. Fins is Chief of the Division of Medical Ethics at Weill Cornell Medical College where he serves as a Professor of Medicine, Professor of Public Health, and Professor of Medicine in Psychiatry. Dr. Fins is also Director of Medical Ethics at New York-Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center and an adjunct faculty member at The Rockefeller University.

Ruth Fischbach is Professor of Bioethics and Director and Co-founder of the Center for Bioethics at Columbia University. Her research interests and scholarly publications have focused on decisions around the end of life, autonomy of the elderly, communication between patients and healthcare professionals, pain assessment, and the management and experiences of research participants, particularly as they relate to privacy and informed consent. Her current work focuses on research ethics and contemporary issues in bioethics including neuroethics, stem cell research, and advances in assisted reproductive technology.

Kurt W. Fischer is the Charles Bigelow Professor of Education and Director of the Mind, Brain and Education Program at Harvard University. He studies cognitive and emotional development and learning from birth through adulthood, combining analysis of the commonalities across people with the diversity of pathways of learning and development. He is founding president of the International Mind, Brain and Education Society and founding editor of the new journal Mind, Brain, and Education.

Lachlan Forrow is Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, Director of Ethics and Palliative Care Programs at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and a member of the Dana Farber/Harvard Cancer Center Institutional Review Board.

Erica Frank is a Professor and Canada Research Chair at the University of British Columbia, Founder of Healthy Doc = Healthy Patient and of Health Sciences Online (a global virtual health sciences training center) and 2008 President of Physicians for Social Responsibility.

Felipe Fregni is an Assistant Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School. He is Director of the Laboratory of Neuromodulation at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and (p. xxvi) Director of the Collaborative Learning in Clinical Research Program – Principles and Practice of Clinical Research from the Department of Continuing Education, Harvard Medical School.

Giorgio Ganis has a Ph.D in Cognitive Science from the University of California at San Diego and he is an Assistant Professor in Radiology at the Harvard Medical School. He is an established cognitive neuroscientist in the fields of visual and social cognition.

Henry T. Greely is the Deane F. and Kate Edelman Johnson Professor of Law, and Professor, by courtesy, of Genetics at Stanford University. He directs Stanford’s Center for Law and the Biosciences and the Stanford Interdisciplinary Group on Neuroscience and Society. He is a co-founder of the Neuroethics Society and member of its Executive Committee.

Benjamin D. Greenberg is Chief of Adult OCD research at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). He studied psychology at Amherst College, and received a Ph.D in neuroscience from UC San Diego, and an MD from the University of Miami. He was a neurology resident at Columbia University, and completed psychiatry residency at Johns Hopkins Hospital and a fellowship at the NIMH. His primary research for more than a decade has been in psychiatric neurosurgery.

Joshua Greene is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at Harvard University and the Director of the Moral Cognition Lab. He studies moral judgment and decision making using neuroscientific and behavioral methods. Professor Greene has a Ph.D. in philosophy, and much of his scientific research is motivated by traditionally philosophical questions.

Michael R. Hadskis is an Assistant Professor in the Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. His research interests include the regulation of human biomedical research and neuroimaging ethics. Professor Hadskis has served on a number of research ethics boards. In 2007, he received a Distinguished Service Award in connection with his service on Dalhousie University’s Health Sciences Research Ethics Board.

Patrick Haggard trained in philosophy, experimental psychology and neurophysiology at the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford. He has been at University College London since 1995, where he leads a research group investigating voluntary action.

John Harris is Director of The Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation and of the Wellcome Strategic Programme in the Human Body, its Scope, Limits and Future, School of Law, University of Manchester, where he is Lord Alliance Professor of Bioethics. He is joint Editor-in-Chief of The Journal of Medical Ethics and has been a member of The United Kingdom Human Genetics Commission since its foundation in 1999.

John-Dylan Haynes is a Professor for Neuroimaging at the Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience in Berlin. He worked in Bremen, Plymouth, and London before starting his own Max Planck research group in Leipzig. His research focuses on the role of awareness in vision and action, neurotechnology, and brain reading.

Gary Heit received his Ph.D in neuroscience from UCLA and his MD from Stanford. After serving as an Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery and Director of Functional Neurosurgery (p. xxvii) at Stanford, he joined the neurosurgery staff of the Permanente Medical Group of Northern California. Dr. Heit is Co-Founder of Americare Neurosurgery International, dedicated to promoting locally sustainable, modern neurosurgical care in developing countries.

Elisabeth Hildt is a lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany, where she is heading a neuroethics research group. The focus of her research is on theory and ethics in the life sciences, with particular interests in neurophilosophy, neuroethics and human genetics.

Christina Hinton is a doctoral student at Harvard in neuroscience and education. She works to inform education policy and practice with neuroscience findings, in collaboration with OECD, UNICEF, and the Ross Schools. She lectures internationally on the brain and learning, research schools, and education for global consciousness.

Ging-Yuek Robin Hsiung is an Assistant Professor in the Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, and Director of Clinical Trials Program at the University of British Columbia Hospital Clinic for Alzheimer and Related Disorders. His research interests include clinical and genetic epidemiology of Alzheimer disease and related neurodegenerative disorders, neuropsychological characteristics of cognitive disorders, as well as translational research on neurological health and aging.

Julian C. Hughes is a consultant in old age psychiatry based at North Tyneside General Hospital. He is honorary Professor of Philosophy of Ageing at the Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University. His most recent, co-edited, book is Supportive Care for the Person with Dementia (Oxford University Press, 2010).

Robert Huish is Assistant Professor in International Development Studies at Dalhouse University. He is the 2004 Trudeau Scholar and holds a Ph.D in geography from Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, BC and a SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow at L’Université de Montréal. His research rests between the pursuit of global health equity and the understanding of public health ethics.

Samia Hurst is an Assistant Professor of Bioethics at Geneva University’s medical school in Switzerland, ethics consultant to the Geneva University Hospitals’ clinical ethics committee, and editor of the Swiss bioethics journal Bioethica Forum. Her research focuses on fairness in clinical practice and the protection of vulnerable persons.

Steven E. Hyman is Provost of Harvard University and Professor of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School. From 1996–2001, he served as Director of the US National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Before that he was Director of Harvard University’s interdisciplinary Mind, Brain, and Behavior Initiative.

Judy Illes is the Canada Research Chair in Neuroethics and Professor of Neurology at the University of British Columbia, Canada. She also holds academic appointments as Adjunct Professor in the School of Population and Public Health, School of Journalism, and the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Washington, Seattle, USA. She is a co-founder and Executive Committee Member of the Neuroethics Society, a member of the Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives, and is past Chair of the Committee on Women in World Neuroscience of the International Brain Research Organization (IBRO).

(p. xxviii) Adrian J. Ivinson is Director of the Harvard NeuroDiscovery Center since its founding in 2001. Trained as a geneticist, his career has focused on the genetics of single gene disorders and the translation of research into effective medical interventions.

Yves Joanette is a Professor in the Faculty of Medicine at the Université de Montréal, and Laboratory Director at the Centre de recherche of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal. He is currently President and CEO of the Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec.

Evaleen Jones founded the Child Family Health International (CFHI) and holds a position on the Clinical Faculty at Stanford University School of Medicine. Her commitment to underserved people stems from growing up in rural New Jersey and spending her college years in the Appalachian region of Virginia where poverty prevails. CFHI has over 250 global partners, sending more than 700 medical students abroad each year.

Karima Kahlaoui is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Université de Montréal. Her research includes studies of the semantic processing of words across the hemispheres, semantic memory, and aging. In order to investigate these topics, she has made use of behavioral methods, event-related potentials (ERPs), and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). She is also a clinical neuropsychologist with a Ph.D in Psychology from Nice University (France).

George Khushf is Director of the Center for Bioethics and Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of South Carolina. He conducts research on the philosophical and ethical aspects of emerging research in engineering and medicine, with a special interest in areas of convergence between nanoscience, biomedicine, information technology, and cognitive science.

Morten L. Kringelbach is Director of the TrygFonden Research Group. He is a Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford and a Professor at Aarhus University, Denmark, as well as Extraordinary Junior Research Fellow and College Lecturer in Neuroscience at The Queen’s College, University of Oxford.

Kimberley Lakes is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of California, Irvine. She received her Ph.D from the University of Wisconsin, Madison and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the Children’s Hospital of Orange County and UC Irvine. Dr. Lakes is an elected member of the Society of Pediatric Research.

Steven Laureys leads the Coma Science Group at the Cyclotron Research Center and Department of Neurology, Sart Tilman, in Liège. He graduated as a Medical Doctor from the Vrije Universiteit (Brussels, Belgium) in 1993. He is Clinical Professor and Senior Research Associate (tenure) at the Belgian National Fund of Scientific Research (FNRS).

Alan I. Leshner is the Chief Executive Officer of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and Executive Publisher of the journal Science. Before coming to AAAS, Dr. Leshner was Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Deputy Director and Acting Director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). At the National Science Foundation (NSF) Dr. Leshner focused on basic research in the biological, behavioral and social sciences, science policy, and science education.

(p. xxix) Neil Levy is Director of Research at the Oxford Centre for Neuroethics, and Head of Neuroethics at the Florey Neuroscience Institutes. He is the author of five books, including Neuroethics: Challenges for the 21st Century (Cambridge University Press, 2007), and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Neuroethics (Springer).

Nir Lipsman is a neurosurgery resident at the University of Toronto, having completed his medical education at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario. His clinical and research interests are in functional neurosurgery, and specifically, the application of novel surgical techniques to the treatment of refractory psychiatric disease.

Scott Loeliger is a family physician, Director of the Mark Stinson Fellowship in Global Health and Underserved Medicine at the Contra Costa Regional Medical Center in California, and Program Director for Global Health Through Education and Training (GHETS) where he works to develop family medicine and primary healthcare in international settings.

Sofia Lombera is a Master of Science student in the Biomedicine, Bioscience and Society (BIOS) program at the London School of Economics and Political Science, UK. Prior to enrolling in the program she was the Research Manager for the National Core for Neuroethics at the University of British Columbia.

Monica Luciana is Professor of Psychology and Child Development at the University of Minnesota and a founding member of the University of Minnesota’s Center for Neurobehavioral Development. She has a longstanding interest in the development and neural bases of executive functions in middle childhood and adolescence.

Debra J.H. Mathews is the Assistant Director for Science Programs at the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics, with a secondary appointment in the Institute of Genetic Medicine, and an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics in the School of Medicine. She has a Ph.D in genetics and a MA in bioethics from Case Western Reserve University.

Alexandre Mauron was initially trained as a molecular biologist at the University of Lausanne (Ph.D, 1978) and was a postdoctoral fellow in developmental biology at Stanford. He then moved to the field of bioethics during the late 1980s. He is presently a Professor at the Institute of Biomedical Ethics at the University of Geneva. Professor Mauron is currently working on various bioethical issues, including stem cell research, neuroethics, and enhancement.

Jennifer B. McCormick is an Assistant Professor of Biomedical Ethics and an Associate Consultant, Departments of Medicine and Health Sciences Research Mayo Clinic and College of Medicine. Her research interests include science policy and biomedical ethics, how scientists engage in public and science policy discussions, and the dialogue around social responsibility in science.

Guy M. McKhann is a Professor of Neurology at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. He was the founding Chair of the Department of Neurology and subsequently the founding Chair of the Mind Brain Institute. His major areas of interest include Guillian–Barré syndrome, vascular cognitive decline, and Alzheimer’s disease.

(p. xxx) Thomas Metzinger directs the Theoretical Philosophy Group and coordinates a neuroethics research group at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany. He is an Adjunct Fellow at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Study, and was a Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study in Berlin. Metzinger is a former president of the German Cognitive Science Society and of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness.

Janet Mindes is a Consultant with the Center for Bioethics, Columbia University, working on a series of projects in bioethics. Her primary interest is in neuroethics. Dr. Mindes’ diverse background includes experimental psychology (memory and cognition), and complementary and alternative medicine, and art history. Her primary neuroscience interests are mind/brain/body and affective processes.

Jonathan D. Moreno is the David and Lyn Silfen University Professor of Ethics and Professor of Medical Ethics and of History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania. His books include Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense (2006), and Undue Risk: Secret State Experiments on Humans (1999).

Sharon Morein-Zamir is a Research Associate in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Cambridge, UK. She has a Ph.D in Psychology from the University of British Columbia, Canada. Her research interests include response inhibition, action control, and compulsivity.

Emily R. Murphy is a JD candidate at Stanford Law School. She has a Ph.D. in behavioral neuroscience from the University of Cambridge, completed in 2007, and an undergraduate degree from Harvard in Psychology/Mind, Brain, Behavior. Prior to undertaking law studies she was a postdoctoral fellow in the Program in Neuroethics at the Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, then a postdoctoral fellow concurrently at the Center for Law and the Biosciences at Stanford Law School and on the MacArthur Foundation Law and Neuroscience Project.

Adrian M. Owen received his Ph.D from the Institute of Psychiatry, London in 1992. He trained post-doctorally at the Montreal Neurological Institute, Canada and since 1997 has been at the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, where he is currently Assistant Director. Since 1990, he has published over 190 scientific articles and chapters. His work on the vegetative state has been widely reported by the world’s media and has been the subject of several TV and radio documentaries.

Alvaro Pascual-Leone is Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School, Director of the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, and Program Director of the Harvard-Thorndike Clinical Research Center at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, MA.

Martin P. Paulus studied Medicine at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz. He is Professor in Residence at the University of California San Diego as well as a staff psychiatrist at the San Diego Veterans Affairs Health Care System. Currently, Dr. Paulus is interested in developing functional magnetic resonance imaging as a tool in psychiatry for making clinically important predictions, developing new medications, and examining the degree of dysfunctions in patients.

Remi Quirion is the Executive Director for the CIHR International Collaborative Research Strategy for Alzheimer’s disease, a McGill University Full Professor in Psychiatry, and the Scientific Director at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute. Dr. Quirion was the inaugural leader of the Institute of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Addiction.

(p. xxxi) Peter V. Rabins is Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences in the Johns Hopkins Hospital and the Richman Family Professor for Alzheimer’s and Related Diseases. His interests include the effectiveness of current treatment for Alzheimer disease, the development of measures of quality of life in persons with Alzheimer disease and the care of patients with late stage dementia.

Eric Racine is the Director of the Neuroethics Research Unit at the Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal and holds appointments at the University of Montreal and McGill University. He is a principal investigator on several projects examining neuroscience communication and is an associate editor of the journal Neuroethics.

Peter B. Reiner is a Professor at the National Core for Neuroethics and the Brain Research Centre at the University of British Columbia. Dr. Reiner has a distinguished track record as a research scientist studying the neurobiology of behavioral states and the molecular underpinnings of neurodegenerative disease, and was President & CEO of Active Pass Pharmaceuticals, a drug discovery company that he founded in 1998 to tackle Alzheimer’s disease. Together with Professor Judy Illes, he co-founded the National Core for Neuroethics in 2007 where his scholarly work focuses on issues of neuroessentialism and cognitive enhancement.

Martina Reske received her Ph.D in Psychology from the University of Düsseldorf, Germany. Her research focuses on studying the neural substrates underlying executive dysfunctions in individuals with psychiatric disorders using fMRI. She collaborates with Martin Paulus on stimulant use and now holds an appointment at the Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany, to apply new MR techniques, among others, to substance use disorders.

J. Peter Rosenfeld has a Ph.D in Biopsychology from the University of Iowa and is a Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Northwestern University. He is among the pioneers and leaders in the field who use event-related EEG potentials in the study of deception.

Barbara J. Sahakian is Professor of Clinical Neuropsychology at the University of Cambridge, Department of Psychiatry, and the Medical Research Council/Wellcome Trust Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute. She is co-inventor of the CANTAB neuropsychological tests, which are in use world-wide. She is also a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, a practicing clinical psychologist, president-elect of the British Association for Psychopharmacology, a member of the CINP council, and a founder and Executive Board member of the Neuroethics Society.

Jerry Samet is a member of the Philosophy Department at Brandeis University. His areas of specialization include the Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science and the History of Modern Philosophy.

Anders Sandberg has a background in computational neuroscience from Stockholm University, where he studied the neuroscience of memory. He is currently at the Future of Humanity Institute of Oxford University researching the ethics and social impact of human enhancement, emerging technologies and large-scale risks.

Julian Savulescu is the Uehiro Chair in Practical Ethics at the University of Oxford. He is Director of the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics within the Faculty of Philosophy, and is Director of the Wellcome Centre for Neuroethics, and the James Martin 21st Century School Program on the Ethics of the New Biosciences.

(p. xxxii) Steve Schmidbauer is Executive Director of Child Family Health International (CFHI), a leading non-governmental organization (NGO) placing health science students on global health education programs in ways that are socially responsible and financially just.

Matthias H. Schmidt is a pediatric radiologist, as well as a diagnostic and interventional neuroradiologist. He is an Associate Professor of Radiology, Psychiatry and Anatomy & Neurobiology at Dalhousie University, a member of the Brain Repair Centre and of the CIHR New Emerging Team in Neuroethics. His research interests encompass the development of innovative imaging techniques for clinical neuroscience, the application of neuroimaging tools to basic human neuroscience, and the safety of child participants in neuroimaging research.

Walter  Sinnott-Armstrong is Chauncey Stillman Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. He is Co-Director of the MacArthur Law and Neuroscience Project and co-investigator at Oxford’s Wellcome Centre for Neuroethics. His current research focuses on moral psychology and neuroscience.

Bernadette Ska obtained a Ph.D in Psychology of the Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium). She was a fellow in neuropsychology at the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal. She is currently a Full Professor at the École d’orthophonie et audiologie, Faculté de médecine, Unversité de Montréal and researcher at the centre de recherche of the Institute universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal.

Zachary Stein is currently a student of philosophy and cognitive development pursing a doctorate at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. He is also Deputy Director and Senior Analyst for the Developmental Testing Service, a non-profit dedicated to educational research and development.

Yaakov Stern is a Professor of Clinical Neuropsychology at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. His research focuses on cognition in normal aging and in diseases of aging, particularly Alzheimer’s disease. His approach includes classic neuropsychological and cognitive experimental techniques, with a strong focus on functional imaging.

Megan S. Steven-Wheeler is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Neuroscience at the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at Dartmouth College where she also serves as the Assistant Dean of Faculty for Administration.

A. Jon Stoessl is a Professor and Acting Head of Neurology at the University of British Columbia, where he holds a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair and directs the Pacific Parkinson’s Research Centre and National Parkinson Foundation Centre of Excellence. His research program is focused on the use of functional imaging to study Parkinson’s disease, with an interest in compensatory mechanisms, disease progression, complications of disease and therapy, and mechanisms underlying the placebo effect.

Christopher Suhler is a doctoral student in the Department of Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Program in Cognitive Science at the University of California, San Diego. His research is in the philosophy of cognitive science, moral psychology, and philosophy of psychology.

James M. Swanson served as the initial Principal Investigator at UC Irvine for two multisite treatment studies of ADHD (the MTA and PATS), for several clinical trials for the (p. xxxiii) development of new medications for ADHD, and currently for the Orange County CA Vanguard Center of the National Children’s Study.

Kate Tairyan is the content director of Health Sciences Online and the Director of the Online School of Public Health at Global University ( She is also a global health Lecturer at Simon Fraser University and a research consultant at the National Core for Neuroethics, University of British Columbia.

Stacey A. Tovino is Director of the Health Law and Policy Center and Associate Professor of Law at Drake University Law School in Des Moines, Iowa, where she teaches and conducts research in the areas of health law, bioethics, and the medical humanities.

Craig Van Dyke is a Professor and Director of Global Mental Health for the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California San Francisco. He served as Department Chair from 1994 until 2008. During 2008–2009 he was Special Advisor to the Director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Nora D. Volkow became Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) in May 2003. Her pioneering use of brain imaging to investigate the toxic effects and addictive properties of drugs was instrumental in demonstrating that drug addiction is a disease of the brain.

Bruce E. Wexler is a Yale Professor with over 100 scientific papers. Dr. Wexler’s book Brain and Culture; Neurobiology, Ideology and Social Change presents new research and ideas on how cultural environments affect development of our minds and brains, and how these processes change across the lifespan due to changes in neuroplasticity.

Timothy Wigal is an Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics and Director of the University of California Irvine, Child Development Center and is the principal investigator of the Multimodal Treatment study of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). He is a licensed psychologist with expertise in diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in children and adults.

Maximiliano Wilson has a Ph.D in Neuropsychology of Language from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. He held an experienced Researcher fellowship of the European Marie-Curie Research and Training Network “Language and Brain,” based in Rome, Italy. He is currently a postdoctoral research fellow at the Centre de Recherche de l’Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal.

Susan M. Wolf is the McKnight Presidential Professor of Law, Medicine & Public Policy at the University of Minnesota, as well as Faegre & Benson Professor of Law, Professor of Medicine, and Faculty Member in the Center for Bioethics. She is an elected Member of the National Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Medicine and an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Her research is supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, and private foundations including the MacArthur Foundation’s Project on Law & Neuroscience.

Amy Zarzeczny is a Research Associate at the Health Law Institute, University of Alberta. Her work is focused on the ethical, legal, social and policy implications of emerging biotechnologies. Prior to this appointment, she completed graduate studies at the London School of Economics and Political Science and practiced law in Edmonton. (p. xxxiv)