- Notes on the Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- Brain Reading: Decoding Mental States From Brain Activity In Humans
- The Neurobiology of Pleasure and Happiness
- The Neurobiological Basis of Morality
- Development of the Adolescent Brain: Neuroethical Implications for the Understanding of Executive Function and Social Cognition
- Neural Foundations to Conscious and Volitional Control of Emotional Behavior: A Mentalistic Perspective
- Neural Correlates of Deception
- Understanding Disorders of Consciousness
- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Covert Awareness, and Brain Injury
- Genetic Determinism, Neuronal Determinism, and Determinism <i>Tout Court</i>
- The Rise of Neuroessentialism
- A Neuroscientific Approach to Addiction: Ethical Concerns
- The Neurobiology of Addiction: Implications for Voluntary Control of Behavior
- Neuroethics of Free Will
- Pharmaceutical Cognitive Enhancement
- Cognitive Enhancement
- Chemical Cognitive Enhancement: Is it Unfair, Unjust, Discriminatory, or Cheating for Healthy Adults to Use Smart Drugs?
- Cognitive Enhancement in Courts
- Neuroethics and the Extended Mind
- Does Cognitive Enhancement Fit with the Physiology of Our Cognition?
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Defining A Spectrum Disorder and Considering Neuroethical Implications
- Why Neuroethicists are Needed
- Intersecting Complexities in Neuroimaging and Neuroethics
- Pediatric Neuroimaging Research
- Ethical Issues in Functional Neurosurgery: Emerging Applications and Controversies
- Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation As A Therapeutic And Investigative Tool: An Ethical Appraisal
- Deep Brain Stimulation For Treatment-Resistant Neuropsychiatric Disorders
- The Ethical Issues of Trials of Neural Grafting in Patients with Neurodegenerative Conditions
- The Ethics Of Nano/Neuro Convergence
- Neurobiological And Neuroethical Perspectives On The Contribution Of Functional Neuroimaging To The Study Of Aging In The Brain
- Clinical Research On Conditions Affecting Cognitive Capacity
- Ethical Concerns And Pitfalls In Neurogenetic Testing
- Neuroethical Issues In Early Detection Of Alzheimer’S Disease
- the neuroethics of cognitive reserve
- Ethical Issues In The Management Of Parkinson’S Disease
- The Other Ethical Challenge of Neurodegenerative Diseases
- Future Scoping: Ethical Issues In Aging And Dementia
- Incidental Findings In Neuroscience Research: A Fundamental Challenge To The Structure Of Bioethics And Health Law
- What Will Be the Limits of Neuroscience-based Mindreading in the Law?
- For The Law, Neuroscience Changes Nothing And Everything
- New Directions In Neuroscience Policy
- Women’s Neuroethics
- Public Representations Of Neurogenetics
- Brain Trust: Neuroscience and national security in the 21st century
- Neuroplasticity, Culture, and Society
- Neuroscience and neuroethics in the 21st century
- Neuroscience and the media: ethical challenges and opportunities
- Ethical issues in Educational Neuroscience: Raising children in a Brave New World
- From The Internationalization To The Globalization Of Neuroethics: Some Perspectives And Challenges
- Global Health Ethics
- Ethical Perspectives: Clinical Drug Trials In Developing Countries
- Learning About Neuroethics Through Health Sciences Online: A Model For Global Dissemination
- Neuroethics And The Lure of Technology
- Subject Index
- Author Index
Abstract and Keywords
Human cognitive performance has crucial significance for legal process, often creating the difference between fair and unfair imprisonment. Lawyers, judges, and jurors need to follow long and complex arguments. They need to understand technical language. Jurors need to remember what happens during a long trial. The demands imposed on jurors in particular are sizeable and the cognitive challenges are discussed in this chapter. Jurors are often subjected to both tremendous decision complexity and tremendous evidence complexity. Some of these problems could be ameliorated if we can somehow enhance the cognitive capacities, including attention and memory, of various players in trials. There are multiple ways in which cognition can be improved either by external tools or by an increasing number of biomedical interventions that act directly on the brain. The article surveys a range of beneficial and detrimental effects that substances can have on cognition.
Anders Sandberg has a background in computational neuroscience from Stockholm University, where he studied the neuroscience of memory. He is currently at the Future of Humanity Institute of Oxford University researching the ethics and social impact of human enhancement, emerging technologies and large-scale risks.
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong is Chauncey Stillman Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University. He is Co-Director of the MacArthur Law and Neuroscience Project and co-investigator at Oxford’s Wellcome Centre for Neuroethics. His current research focuses on moral psychology and neuroscience.
Julian Savulescu is the Uehiro Chair in Practical Ethics and Director of the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics at Oxford University. Previously, he was Director of the Ethics of Genetics Unit at the Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. Julian Savulescu is qualified in medicine, bioethics, and analytic philosophy. He has published many articles in journals such as the British Medical Journal, Lancet, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Bioethics, the Journal of Medical Ethics, American Journal of Bioethics, Medical Journal of Australia and Philosophy, and Psychiatry and Psychology. Address is Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, Littlegate House, St Ebbes, Oxford, OX1 1PT, UK. Email: email@example.com
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