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date: 15 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article describes key paradigms employed to assess deception and reviews the main neuroscience-based technologies that have been employed to investigate the neural correlates of deception: electroencephalography (EEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Any potential use of neuroscience-based methods to detect deception in real-life situations requires successful classification in single subjects. It describes findings on the single subject performance of these methods and addresses the effects of two factors that are problematic for all deception detection methods, the potential use of countermeasures, strategies used by subjects to defeat the deception detection tests, and the potential role of false memories and of incidental encoding. It briefly outlines some of the ethical issues associated with these technologies to detect deceptive behavior.

Keywords: neuroscience-based technologies, deceptive behavior, deception detection methods, single subject, ethical issues

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