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date: 29 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Drawing on a range of African examples, this article discusses the kinds of raw materials employed by African stone tool makers and then the techniques of manufacture employed. It adopts an approach grounded in anthropological archaeology that seeks to identify the environmental and social factors that led to the diversity of the stone artefact record in Africa. The making and using of stone tools persists among a very few African populations today. Throughout more than 2.5 million years of experimentation with stone working, hominins have shown a remarkable diversity of approaches to transforming stone raw material into useful tools. Stone tools allowed access to a range of different resources, and the occasional movement of this material across great distances attests to its value among some ancient societies. New approaches to lithic analysis are constantly being developed and new archaeological finds continue to alter perceptions of the past.

Keywords: African stone artefact, anthropological archaeology, stone tool manufacture, lithic analysis

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