Abstract and Keywords
The Maghrib is the name the first Arab settlers gave to the newly conquered territories while on the move westward of the seat of the Muslim Caliphate in Damascus in the late seventh century AD. The term Maghrib is used here to refer to the geographic areas covered today by modern North African countries of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. This article discusses Qayrawan, the metropolis of the Maghrib; Sijilmasa, the gateway to sub-Saharan Africa’s gold; the political economy of the Maghrib; the Idrisid agrarian-based economy; and the sub-Saharan gold trade, the basis of post-Idrisid dynastic political economy.
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