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date: 29 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses two of Africa’s great civilisations which developed in the Nile Valley on the southern margins of the Sahara. The first with its capital at Kerma was the earliest urban civilisation in sub-Saharan Africa and rose to rival in power Pharaonic Egypt. The second, the Kingdom of Kush, lasted for over 1,000 years and for a time controlled a vast swathe of territory from Central Sudan to the borders of the Mediterranean.

Keywords: Africa’s great civilisations, Nile Valley, sub-Saharan Africa, Kingdom of Kush, Kerma

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