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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Perhaps the most distinctive aspect of Egyptian archaeology is the existence of a very large corpus of ancient written material, which allows the surviving material culture of the Pharaonic period (c. 3100–332 BC) to be considered within a rich and diverse cognitive context that is not available for most other regions of Africa until comparatively recent times. This article considers issues of contemporary concern in the archaeology of Pharaonic Egypt: chronology, state formation, regime change, and race and ethnicity. Over the last forty years, since the full-scale resumption of Egyptian field archaeology, scientific methods of survey and analysis have been applied to archaeological projects in the Nile Valley, resulting in a wave of fresh insights into such things as Egyptian economics, ethnicity, politics, and processes of social and technological change.

Keywords: Egyptian archaeology, Pharaonic period, Pharaonic Egypt, Egyptian state formation, Nile Valley

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