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date: 24 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

In North Africa, the period 25–6,000 BP encompassed both later Palaeolithic foraging societies and the transition to early farming ways of life. This rather banal description belies, however, the fact that within this time span major changes occurred in climate and environment and shifts in human behaviour were neither gradual nor unilinear. It is possible that hunter-gatherer societies in this part of Africa underwent a major transformation from highly mobile to more sedentary economies and that key changes attributed to the Neolithic were already embedded in foraging systems well before the advent of farming. This article examines some of the assumptions behind these ideas.

Keywords: North Africa, Palaeolithic foraging societies, human behaviour shifts, hunter-gatherer, farming, Neolithic

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