Abstract and Keywords
Consensus is rare in the field of human evolution, but there is one over-riding agreement — that Africa is central to all aspects of it. Discoveries since 1960 make it hard to consider anywhere other than Africa as the primary source of hominin species and for this reason, African archaeology is integrally related to human evolution. The bulk of the archaeological record exists in Africa. The earliest African stone tools are at least a million years earlier than any found elsewhere. This article describes the evolutionary context and the fossil evidence before briefly discussing hominin evolutionary patterns in Africa and their implications for prehistory.
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