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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Archaeological resources constitute the major source material for the study of the pre-colonial history of most African countries and have largely contributed to revising Africa’s portrayal as the ‘dark continent’. Instead, over the past century, archaeology has placed Africa at the forefront of all major debates in world prehistory and history including hominin evolution, the emergence of food production and other technological innovations, élite formation and the development of complex societies, and long distance trade. This article argues that the gloomy picture of African archaeological heritage management is not universally true and numerous positive developments, especially in the last decade, should not be overlooked. It reflects on a practices, politics, and policies in the preservation, valorisation, and dissemination of archaeological resources and, examines the opportunities and challenges of heritage management in Africa. It then uses this diagnosis to look to the future of archaeological heritage management in Africa.

Keywords: archaeological resources, archaeological heritage management, African archaeology, hominin evolution

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