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date: 23 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Maritime archaeology is the integrated study of past maritime communities and peoples and their interaction with the environment and seascapes. This article suggests that Africa’s maritime past encompasses a hugely diverse and complex set of sites, landscapes, and narratives that involve multiple players and perspectives centred not only on trade, but also on subsistence, regional development, and belief systems. The many natural and human threats to the survival of Africa’s maritime heritage, both on land and under water, however, demand the urgent implementation of measures for its protection and future management. Intensive coastal development coupled with expanding coastal population, increasing marine resource exploitation and climate change are all having a negative impact on the maritime cultural resource.

Keywords: Africa’s maritime past, Africa’s maritime heritage, regional development, coastal population

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