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date: 19 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

A close examination of global food consumption trends from studies on food consumption over a long period of time and over a wide range of spatial coverage uncovers clear emerging patterns. This article details the trading-up phenomenon and the convergence phenomenon. It shows the landscape of food consumption in the world by reviewing the per capita consumption pattern of major agricultural commodities by country using use consumption data published by the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute. It provides statistical evidence of the convergence hypothesis suggesting a narrowing of differences in consumption pattern between countries. It identifies the fundamental forces that drive the development of these patterns and gives the specific country examples of these phenomena. Some of the implications of this emerging consumption trend are explored, namely, food security and the emerging consumption affects on health outcomes.

Keywords: food consumption, trading-up, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute, convergence hypothesis, health outcomes

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