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date: 19 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter illustrates the ways in which three critical social identities—age, gender, and ethnicity—could be depicted through the archaeological mortuary record of ancient Greece and Greek settlements in Italy and Sicily between the Geometric and Hellenistic periods. It provides a range of case studies which indicate not only the importance of these identities in the formulation of burial systems, but also the fact that their visibility could vary over time and place and that the suppression of these identities can be of as much significance to modern research as their articulation. It further notes that not only were these identities often tightly interrelated in their material form but also that issues of status—a fourth social identity—could be a factor in the construction of ancient Greek burials.

Keywords: burial customs, ancient Greece, ethnicity, gender, childhood, ancient Italy

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