- Beautiful Things and Bones of Desire: Emerging Issues in the Archaeology of Death and Burial
- Death, Memory, and Material Culture: Catalytic Commemoration and the Cremated Dead
- African Perspectives on Death, Burial, and Mortuary Archaeology
- The Place of Veneration in Early South Asian Buddhism
- The Archaeology of Death and Burial in the Islamic World
- Burial of the Christian Dead in the Later Middle Ages
- The Unburied Dead
- Upper Palaeolithic Mortuary Practices in Eurasia: A Critical Look at the Burial Record
- Power and Society: Mesolithic Europe
- Archaeological Study of Mortuary Practices in the Eastern United States
- The Living and the Dead in later Prehistoric Iberia
- The Powerful Dead of the Inca
- Land Ownership and Landscape Belief: Introduction and Contexts
- Megaliths in North-West Europe: The Cosmology of Sacred Landscapes
- Creating Death: An Archaeology of Dying
- Treating Bodies: Transformative and Communicative Practices
- Preserving the Body
- Cremations in Culture and Cosmology
- Identities in Transformation: Identities, Funerary Rites, and the Mortuary Process
- Death and Gender
- Ancient Identities: Age, Gender, and Ethnicity in Ancient Greek Burials
- Ethnicity and Gender in Roman Funerary Commemoration: Case Studies from the Empire's Frontiers
- Engendering Ancestors through Death Ritual in Ancient China
- Death, Emotion, and the Household among the Late Moche
- Belief and the Archaeology of Death
- Insights into Early Mortuary Practices of <i>Homo</i>
- Equipping and Stripping the Dead: A Case Study on the Procurement, Compilation, Arrangement, and Fragmentation of Grave Inventories in New Kingdom Thebes
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents a materialist approach to the study of the living and the dead in later prehistoric Iberia. It begins by outlining a brief history of the study of the disposal of the dead for the period .5600–1500 cal BC, along with variations in the nature of the evidence available to archaeologists, and a critique of interpretations based on assertions of competition for ‘prestige’, ‘status’, and ‘power’ as innate human desires. The changes in the disposal of the dead in south-east Spain from the 3rd to the early 2nd millennia cal BC are studied within the context of the allocation of social labour for everyday activities, for both the living and the dead. This leads to hypotheses on the emergence of a society based on relations of class and a centralized political structure.
Robert Chapman is Professor of Archaeology at the University of Reading (UK). His interest in the social context of mortuary rituals began with studies of communal burial in Western Europe (particularly the western Mediterranean) and was stimulated by early processual archaeology. He co-edited The Archaeology of Death (Cambridge, 1981). His main research has subsequently focused on communal and individual burials in the later prehistory of south-east Spain, where he has collaborated with colleagues from the Universitàt Autonoma de Barcelona on the excavation, dating and analysis of such burials in relation to their contemporary settlements, all within the context of an historical materialist approach to archaeology.
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