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date: 31 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses both the theory and practice of Muslim burials, paying particular attention to the diversity of regional and ethnic traditions. One theme which runs through the chapter is the considerable variation between the ideal or legal ideas of Muslim death and burial and actual practices. Following a brief discussion of how death and burial fit into the wider concept of Muslim society and belief systems, the chapter follows the process from the death of an individual to their funeral and burial. The commemoration of the dead is an area of particular importance to Islamic archaeology because of the large number of gravestones, tombs, and mausolea which survive from as early as the 9th century. The final part considers the variety of attitudes and legal positions concerned with the archaeological excavation of Muslim remains.

Keywords: Islam, Muslim, Arabia, Turkish, Near East

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