- Beautiful Things and Bones of Desire: Emerging Issues in the Archaeology of Death and Burial
- Death, Memory, and Material Culture: Catalytic Commemoration and the Cremated Dead
- African Perspectives on Death, Burial, and Mortuary Archaeology
- The Place of Veneration in Early South Asian Buddhism
- The Archaeology of Death and Burial in the Islamic World
- Burial of the Christian Dead in the Later Middle Ages
- The Unburied Dead
- Upper Palaeolithic Mortuary Practices in Eurasia: A Critical Look at the Burial Record
- Power and Society: Mesolithic Europe
- Archaeological Study of Mortuary Practices in the Eastern United States
- The Living and the Dead in later Prehistoric Iberia
- The Powerful Dead of the Inca
- Land Ownership and Landscape Belief: Introduction and Contexts
- Megaliths in North-West Europe: The Cosmology of Sacred Landscapes
- Creating Death: An Archaeology of Dying
- Treating Bodies: Transformative and Communicative Practices
- Preserving the Body
- Cremations in Culture and Cosmology
- Identities in Transformation: Identities, Funerary Rites, and the Mortuary Process
- Death and Gender
- Ancient Identities: Age, Gender, and Ethnicity in Ancient Greek Burials
- Ethnicity and Gender in Roman Funerary Commemoration: Case Studies from the Empire's Frontiers
- Engendering Ancestors through Death Ritual in Ancient China
- Death, Emotion, and the Household among the Late Moche
- Belief and the Archaeology of Death
- Insights into Early Mortuary Practices of <i>Homo</i>
- Equipping and Stripping the Dead: A Case Study on the Procurement, Compilation, Arrangement, and Fragmentation of Grave Inventories in New Kingdom Thebes
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses both the theory and practice of Muslim burials, paying particular attention to the diversity of regional and ethnic traditions. One theme which runs through the chapter is the considerable variation between the ideal or legal ideas of Muslim death and burial and actual practices. Following a brief discussion of how death and burial fit into the wider concept of Muslim society and belief systems, the chapter follows the process from the death of an individual to their funeral and burial. The commemoration of the dead is an area of particular importance to Islamic archaeology because of the large number of gravestones, tombs, and mausolea which survive from as early as the 9th century. The final part considers the variety of attitudes and legal positions concerned with the archaeological excavation of Muslim remains.
Andrew Petersen is Director of Research in Islamic archaeology based at the University of Wales Trinity Saint David. He has previously worked as Assistant Professor of Islamic Archaeology at the United Arab Emirates University and as Research Officer at the Council for British Research in the Levant. He has travelled extensively throughout the Muslim world from Tanzania to Turkmenistan and has directed research projects in Jordan, Palestine, Iraq and Qatar. His principal research interests are the archaeology of Muslim shrines and pilgrimage routes, Ottoman archaeology and Islamic architecture. In addition he is also interested in examining the archaeological evidence for contacts between the Islamic world and Europe in particular remains relating to the presence of Muslims in Britain.
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