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date: 10 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Phenomenology and hermeneutics were hugely influential methodologically in 20th-century European philosophy. They were also taken up in the human sciences more generally, but only relatively recently (from the 1980s on) incorporated into archaeological theory. Phenomenology emphasizes the human subjective and intersubjective encounter with landscape, nature, artefacts, and the whole ‘life-world’. Beginning from the careful description of life in the everyday, contemporary world, attentive to the shape of time, space, history, and culture in that world, phenomenology can also disclose aspects about the material worlds of past cultures, describing the embodied encounters of people with landscapes, monuments, and artefacts from the past.

Keywords: phenomenology, processualism, hermeneutics, description, interpretation, life-world

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