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date: 22 February 2020

(p. 716) Subject Index

(p. 716) Subject Index

adaptation
and governance27
and national role in environmental regulation483
and public health infrastructure228
and role of states and local government482
as corrective justice331
financing484
‘beneficiary pays’ principle484–485
‘polluter pays’ principle486
use of national funds486–487
IPCC definition270
literature addressing the problem of331
National Adaptation Programs of Action and Least Developed Countries Fund227
private180
public180–182
adaptive capacity24
aggregate consumption per capita300
aggregate emissions28, 433
reduction of434
agricultural systems32
Al Qaeda253
Alaska39, 256
Alliance of Religions and Conservation415
allocation
ethical consensus on316
of allowances529
benchmarking530
American environmental movement41
American Law Institute656
American Petroleum Institute154, 184
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act63
Americans for Prosperity154
Anchorage Declaration232, 236, 239
Angola261
Antarctica23
Anthropocene32
anthropogenic climate change144, 145, 148
ideological polarization around167
anthropogenic global warming104
anthropology32
anti-nuclear movement41
archaeology32
Arctic Ocean68
Asian Food Sovereignty Caravan393
Asia-Pacific Partnership for Clean Development and Climate (APP)676
astroturf groups154
atmospheric chemistry99
Australia11, 24, 284, 442
Australian aboriginal knowledge234
Australian Government21
proposed ETS553
Australian states441
Austria71
and informational instruments539
authoritarianism
Chinese style11
Bali Action Plan513
Bangladesh45, 261, 280
Bangladesh Krishok Federation387–394
and translocal networks390
Bedouins280
Berlin39
black carbon632
Bretton Woods14
Britain
and construction of public reason135
British civic epistemology136
British Petroleum (BP)7, 12, 75, 581, 614
Brundtland Commission83
burden sharing328, 329
principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibility’432, 613, 640, 661
burdens and benefits
asymmetry of6
distribution of6, 9
Bush Administration371
(p. 717) business and industry non‐governmental organisations (BINGOs)584, 678
Byrd-Hagel Resolution330
Campaign for a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly657
capabilities framework304
cap-and-trade40, 60–61, 357, 522
and corporate America148
program design elements for527–530
programs in the US525
US Senate support for357
capitalism385
carbon capture and storage (CCS)561, 562
carbon dioxide removal techniques31
carbon markets617–618
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF)676
carbon tax63, 522, 523–524
as an alternative to cap-and-trade523
carboniferous capitalism443
Catarets281
Centre for a New American Security251
Centre for Strategic and International Studies251, 268
Chernobyl138
China10, 11, 13, 24, 45, 261
and Copenhagen Accord456
and environmental NGOs450, 458–459
and framing of the climate change issue456
and greenhouse gas emissions451
and institutional capacity building at national and provincial level452
and Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism453
and pollution problems456
and relationship to civil society457–458
and WHO air quality standards449
as a transition economy451
dependence on energy450
economic inequalities within451
energy dependence on imports457
environmental authoritarianism450
Euro 4 fuel standards457
first National Climate Change Program453
one-child policy453
per capita CO2 emissions450
renewable energy as key energy policy goals454
Christian
Aid268, 703
environmentalism in the US417
stewardship417
citizen juries662
civic epistemologies134
Clean Air Act135
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)678
clean-energy technologies55
climate action480–481
Climate Action Network72, 369, 375–379
goal of375
member groups376
Friends of the Earth377
Parramatta Climate Action Network378
Rainforest Action Network377
role376
climate change
activism594
anthropogenic24
as a risk-management problem43
as complex problem/system21, 27
corporate responses to7, 582–591
economics of42
Climate Disclosure Project (CDP)582
common business practice associated with582
comparative assessments of582
corporate climate strategy582
emissions data583
GHG accounting583
human-driven22
impact studies179–180
intergenerational aspect of55
municipal responses468
Public-private partnerships469
scientific framing of41
subnational level responses467
London-based The Climate Group467
urban and regional responses to465–467
and transnational networks465
Australia
NSW GHG Reduction Scheme470
Victorian Greenhouse Strategy466
(p. 718) climate change communication161–162
alarmism165
behavioural responses163
common approaches to162
economic impacts of297
fear as the main message of164–165
information deficit model163
risk information165
use of heuristics167
climate change communicators164–166
and audience segmentation166
and issue framing166, 442
climate change costs9
climate change denial41, 148, 400
and the inauguration of George W. Bush154
community144
climate change discourses
globalist105
Climate change negotiators
challenges facing23
climate change science
and framing effects on negotiations612
climate damages177
climate debt287
climate denial movement358
Climate Depot153
climate governance46, 615, 639
climate instability70
climate justice
and indigenous environmental identity233
and language loss240
equal per capita emissions rights328
and indigenous peoples232
Climate Justice Action324
climate justice activism385
climate justice networks
Camp for Climate Action385
Climate Justice Action385,
Indigenous Environment Network385
La Via Campesina385
Rising Tide385
Climate Justice Now324
climate justice theorists9
climate negotiations
and stakeholder input678
climate performance
of federated states versus unitary states441
within and across democratic and nondemocratic states440
climate policy11
rationalist approaches to442
climate refugees12, 241, 242, 286–287, 259, 278, 691
and liberalist discourses284
IPCC categories of279
realist responses to283
climate regime626
and consensus630
and interactions with other environmental regimes and economic regimes632
global trade regime interaction633
and problem of funding630
climate science4, 70, 86, 116
as ‘postnormal’122
climate sensitivity90
climate skeptic campaigns401
climate skepticism in the US134
climate skeptics
in the US and Australia442
climate stabilization
and fundamental human rights345
climate stabilization policy345
climate strategies298
Climate system
and carbon dioxide22
and extinction of biological species23
and sea-level rise23
and temperature increase22
Climategate91, 144, 151, 597, 612
climate-sensitive sectors183
climate-society research205
climatic determinism114
climatology105
Clinton Administration371
Cold War politics41
collaborative governance105
collective action problem47, 56
intergenerational47
collective responsibility327
colonialism
and indigenous peoples233
environmental234, 235, 236
communitarians671 see also global democracy
(p. 719) Conference of the Parties (COP)8
Conference of the Parties in Copenhagen369, 384
and civil society action369,384
and critique of UN system692 see also COP-15
Congress of Vienna14
consensus conferences364
conservative Christianity
and scientific uncertainty22
conservative media359
conservative think tanks (CTT)149–155, 358
and Australia155
and Canada155
and the UK155
and the US149
consumer behaviour
and environmental organizations7
in developed countries634
consumption
and celebrities7
and religious actors7
and social movements7
patterns of7
contrarian scientists151
COP-1513, 29, 46, 103, 104
and deliberative multilateralism678
and minilateralism129, 676
and multilateralism129
and multi-stakeholder multilateralism678
and quantitative mitigation pledges512
as a backlash against civil society677
as a legitimacy crisis for international climate diplomacy669–670
as the decline of multilateral climate diplomacy679
cosmopolitan interpretation of680
outcome of631
political reactions to129
Copenhagen Accord11, 24, 659–660
and bottom-up process of climate policy development661
goal of674–675
Copenhagen Consensus299
Copenhagen Green Climate Fund675
corporate climate governance585–588
cosmopolitan democracy671
cosmopolitan ethics326, 641
cosmopolitan justice642
cosmopolitan scholars670
cosmopolitanism131, 325
‘thick’643
as corollary to international governance of climate change644, 645
fundamental features of646–648
scholars of642
cost-benefit analyses190, 191–192
and ‘general equilibrium’192
and ‘partial equilibrium’192
in the US194
of the London urban motorway system301
cost-benefit analysts
and culture of virtuous skepticism194
Cristiania395
critical perspectives671 see also global democracy
critical social theories372
Cuba46
cultural construct of climate123
cumulative global changes22
‘dangerous climate change’24
Darfur229
deforestation
of Amazon rainforest22
deliberation
active359
in the articulation of environmental values341
deliberative democracy346, 672–673
deliberative democrats676
deliberative forums364
deliberative innovation663
deliberative multilateralism676
deliberative polling662
Delphi elicitation techniques209
democracy
types of439
democratic decentralization663
democratization
of public reasoning133
democratizing global governance670
democratic intergovernmentalism670, 672
global stakeholder democracy670, 673–674
(p. 720) transnational deliberative democracy670, 672
Denmark
generation of carbon-free energy11
developed countries
leadership obligation under the UNFCCC439
developing countries10, 24
digital media
and the issue public on climate change357
dirty industries6
discount rate6, 22
social298
discourse
defined83
discourse analysis83, 84
discourse institutionalization12, 84
discourse structuration12, 84
discursive dominance83
discursive frames615
dispositif102, 372
distributive justice232
drought
and loss of agricultural productivity259
in Ethiopia279
in Kenya279
earth system31
earth system scientists49
East Anglia, University of5, 41
Climate Research Unit91, 137, 153
ecological metaphors
climate system and ecosystem88
ecological modernization12, 88
ecological sustainability
prospects of attaining103
economic development
and environmental constraints to196
economic growth models196
economic theory177
economic valuations190
Edison Electric Institute148
Egypt256, 261
emissions
cumulative29
per capita24
emissions data432
emissions trading programs526
and credit-based trading527
energy efficiency technologies564–570
cogeneration568
demand reduction564
geothermal power569
nuclear power569
solar heat568
solar thermal electricity568
storage of570
wind power568
energy security12
energy system(s)562
zero emissions564
energy technologies
development of563
low-carbon563
environmental activism145
growth of373
environmental diplomacy640
environmental ethicists9
environmental governance network101
environmental justice233, 640
and climate justice234–235
and environmental identities and heritage235
cultural and participative features of235
environmental justice movements221
environmental managers21
environmental NGOs (ENGOs)432, 678
environmental politics129
environmental skepticism
and conservative think tanks146
environmental technological innovation
as a new competitive strategy443
environmentalism69
environmentality97, 103
alternative networks105
discourse107
Foucault’s work on96
equity issue23, 24
ethical theories
and Cost Benefit Analysis and Safe Minimum Standard303, 346
Ethiopia261, 279
(p. 721) ETS schemes
abatement costs551
and GHG control551
and mainstream economics/basic economic theory552–553
and offsets556
certified emission reduction (CER) credits556
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)556, 615, 689
‘Gold Standard’ offset558
Kyoto offsets556–557
redesign of554–556
Europe
carbon trading in61
European Union6, 24, 45,
as a leader on the issue of climate change371
cap-and-trade scheme76
Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)62, 441, 521, 525, 583, 617–618
Evangelicalism
the greening of425
executive multilateralism675
extreme weather
and climate change221–222
ExxonMobil148
facilitated dialogue165
food and water insecurity222
impact of climate change on223
Forest Stewardship Council691
Forum on Religion and Ecology417
fossil fuel use
history of10
fossil fuels industry148
fossil hydrocarbon combustion190
framing361–362
of climate change612
FreedomWorks154
Friends of the Earth International287
G-8 group102
G-77 group102
general equilibrium theory200
Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees286
geo-engineering29
governance implications of31
George W. Bush administration
and climate skepticism418
German Physical Society138
Germanwatch/CAN Europe surveys
Climate Change Performance Index434
Germany442
and informational instruments539
climate issue in137
national civic epistemology138
nuclear phase-out139
parliamentary inquiry commission138
politically powerful Greens72
GHG emissions
Driver561
global inequalities324
international regulation of530
border taxes532
mandatory limits on73
reduction programs262
urban concentration of464
GHG mitigation strategy90
basic policies for the energy sector574–576
Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP)85
global capitalist economy373, 443
global change vulnerability206
global climate change
sustainability ethics of102
global climate change impact assessments206
Global Climate Coalition74, 75, 89, 150, 584, 614, 619
global climate governance
and activist groups686
and emergence of subnational public actors687
and emergence of transnational networks of scientists687
and intergovernmental bureaucracies687–688
and multi-level governance690
and multi-polar governance690
and segmentation of governance architectures690
and transnational multi-actor governance686
and UN climate governance691
(p. 722) new mechanisms of686, 688
problem structure in685
global climate regime
development of686
global democracy670
critics and skeptics of671
global economic interdependence443
global environmental governance98
pluralistic, participatory approach to346
global financial crisis10, 253, 432
global governance6, 10, 49
Global Humanitarian Fund228
global interdependence324
global justice45
Global North510
neglect of its Rio promise510
legal commitments made under the UNFCCC511
North/South antagonism512
Global South392, 504
‘environmental integrity’ versus ‘developmental justice’ in513
and carbon debt508
and non-Annex I group of Parties504
and peasant movements in392
and Southern climate discourses505–508
climate diplomats and civil society in509
global warming48–49, 71, 72
and economic and health threats220
collective state response to431
global warming science99
globalization
cultural fields of100
governance639
Foucault’s analysis of96
governmentality
and responsibilization374
emergence of global369
Foucault’s analysis of96
Foucault’s concept of373–374
green governmentality researchers102
Great Depression161, 191
green globalism99
green governance99, 100
GreenFaith418
Greenhouse Development Rights329
greenhouse warming69
Greening Earth Society150
Greenland23, 71
Gulf of Mexico7, 581
historical accountability327
history32
Holocene32
human agency39
human health
and climate change218–221, 226–227
humanities21
Hurricane Katrina46, 255, 256, 280, 464
Ice Age76, 177
new70
Iceland11
ideal theory319
India10, 261
indigeneity234
indigenous communities9
indigenous knowledge237
indigenous participation
‘as states’236
indigenous peoples
and traditional adaptive strategies280
individual moral responsibility43–44
industrial capitalism145
industrial development
global model of324
Industrial revolution22, 315
industrialized world24
Information Council on the Environment150
Institute for Public Policy Research703
insurance companies7
insurance industry27
Integrated Assessment Model297
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Assessment Reports114, 130
climate assessments133
creation of72
Fourth Assessment Report76, 144, 299, 441
intergovernmentability of86
language seeped in uncertainty5
reviewing process83
Second Assessment Report178, 611
(p. 723) Third Assessment Report206, 207, 268
International Alert268
International Chamber of Commerce584
international climate negotiations
and US state power613
international climate regime432
International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU)85
International Court of Justice656
International Emissions Trading Association (IETA)619, 678
International Energy Agency (IEA)464
international justice10, 323
international law653–656
‘polluter pays’ principle655
and democratic legitimacy657
and implementation mechanisms657
customary international law654
customary law in the environmental area655
doctrine of stare decisis655
international administrative law655
‘polluter pays’ principle
soft law656
treaties654
international migration
as threat to territorial integrity and national security282
international organizations
democratic deficits of670
international relations
discourses of282
liberal notions of284
realist school282–283
international relations theory371
international security71
interpretive community363
Islam417
Israel261
issue public
on climate change356
Judaism417
justice9
as an ethical issue309
challenges to313–314
corrective310
distributive310, 328
domains of
domestic311
ecological311
environmental311
international310, 312
global conceptions of641
intergenerational190–204, 311, 317, 341
procedural310, 312
Kantianism328
Kenya279
Kiribati24, 261
Klimaforum384, 393, 677
knowledge
procedural, declarative362
Kyoto Protocol13, 46, 75–76, 283, 325, 432, 659,
and ‘flexible mechanisms’89
and market mechanisms615–616
and the US330
US ratification of150
least developed nations184
liberal democratic states11
liberal egalitarianism326
liberal political theory59
Limits-to-Growth model339
linear model133
governance implications of133
London School of Economics137
lower carbon footprint (LCF)
and ‘decision theory’604
availability598
consumption594–605
cost599
products597
Major Economies Forum (MEF)676
Maldives261
marine ecosystems31
market economies7
market economy10
Marrakesh Accords559 n.4
Marshall Institute41
Marshall Islands261
mass media432
(p. 724) and agenda setting168
mass media channels168
mass media communication168
Massachusetts Institute of Technology69
media41
corporate control of401, 405
media framing401
meteorology114
Methane to Markets676
Millennium Development Goals304, 506
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment198, 703
minilateralism140
mitigation
and coordinating local and national action481
and human rights302
and human well-being300
as economically profitable option12
challenges associated with27, 29
costs177, 297
economically efficient strategies of42
global approach to14
policy instruments6
modern space science115
monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV)628, 630
Montreal Protocol86, 630, 631, 689
morality44–45
multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs)626
and the climate regime632
multilateral fund328
multilateral institutions263
and democratic values670
multilateralism441
multinational corporations135
Namibia261
National Academy of Sciences41
national aggregates24
National Association of Manufacturers150
National Coal Association150
National Religion Partnership for the Environment417
national security49, 269–270
and climate change167, 251
national sovereignty22
nation-states
as primary agents in climate governance46
native populations
as the most vulnerable human communities to climate change232
Natural Resources Defense Council594
natural sciences21
natural scientists177
neoliberal discourse88
neoliberal economic policies99
neoliberalism615
Netherlands539
networked governance681
new consumers
rise of644
New York City39
Nigeria281
Nobel Peace Prize41
North-South politics
in international climate negotiations612
Norway403
and environmentalism407
social narratives405
‘strategies of denial’405–408
nuclear weapons68
Obama administration12, 63, 154, 418
ocean circulation22
oceanography114
OECD23, 45, 179, 491
Ofcom136
Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees259
opinion leaders357
opinion surveys355
Oxfam228, 703
ozone hole195
palaeo-environmental research32
paleoclimatology99
parameterization117
Pareto criterion193
parliamentary systems440
participatory mechanisms
of scientific review359
(p. 725) participatory parity
between indigenous and non-indigenous237
and the Nunavik Research Centre237
Peabody Coal148
Pentagon75
Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues232
Peru256
Philippines73, 256
planetary boundaries framework31
planetary sustainability insurance43
polar ice caps70
policy analysis84
policy instruments perspective536–547
and existing literature537
and governing536
instruments in response to the threat of climate change538–539
EU instrument selection patterns541–544
political economy97
population growth562
Portugal11
positive economics298
presentism338, 339–342
primary goods304
public engagement initiatives364
public engagement with climate change161
public interest advocacy444
public opinion75, 161
surveys161
public opinion polls8
public participation in decision making8
public policies
legitimacy of7
rational177
public reasoning140
public-private partnerships691
publics
mass8
concerned8
purchasing insurance43
Rapid City (South Dakota)38
rationalists441
Rawlsianism328
Reagan Administration72, 145
realistic utopia319
realists671 see also global democracy
Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (REDD)620, 675
reflexive modernization145
regime analysis
of UNFCCC/KP626–628
regulatory regime61
religious beliefs8
religious climate skeptic movement422
religious environmentalism414–417
religious groups415
in the US418–419
evangelical faith-based environmentalism419–421
renewable energy sources572
renewable energy technologies583
research and independent non-governmental organizations (RINGOs)678
resilience696–699
and human security702
and slow variables in ecological systems700
as alternative paradigm to growth708
climate resilient development706
critiques of702–703
resilience policy and cities705
resilience thinking and social science702
rhetoric in policy703
social ecological resilience701
theory and approach697
theory and concept of adaptive capacity699, 700–701
theory and issues of uncertainty699
restorative justice242
indigenous243
truth and reconciliation commissions242
revised statism645
Ricardian studies184
Ricardian techniques184
rights-based ethics338, 342
Jefferson’s concept of usufruct rights345
of Locke and Kant345
Rio Earth Summit40, 46, 87, 146, 370
Royal Society31
rural poor9
(p. 726) Sahel famines207
schema
relevant to climate change360
role of cognitive and affective360
science education163
scientific consensus131
on anthropogenic climate change134
scientific elite5
scientific ethos132
scientific uncertainty90
Second World Climate Conference73
Second World War46, 70, 132, 138, 491
securitization287
security
climate254
human267–271, 268
population252, 258–259
sovereign state252
vital system253
security of human needs12
Shell614
Sierra Club594
Singapore39
skepticism5
ideological8
social activism370
social policy490
social psychology44, 360
social sciences21
social solidarity42
social vulnerability analysis
Social Risk Management framework207
Social Vulnerability Index207
social welfare
mathematical model of296
Soviet Union23, 146
Spain11
stakeholder partnerships663
Stern Report137see also Stern Review
Stern Review42, 190, 199, 299
Stockholm Declaration327
Strategic Defense Initiative41
structured deliberation165
sustainability science208
sustainable development83, 196, 261, 345
systemic global changes22
terrestrial biosphere22
thermodynamics116
thermohaline circulation22
Tibet22
Toronto Conference on The Changing Atmosphere40
trace greenhouse gases71
tradable emissions permits328
trade unions
and Copenhagen’s climate justice mobilizations395
traditional ecological knowledge238–239
tragedy of the commons641
transnational capitalism101
transnational public sphere677
Treaty of Westphalia14
tropical zoology99
Tsunami (2004)
realist and liberal responses286
UN climate multilateralism669
UN Commission on Sustainable Development417
UN Conference on Desertification85
UN Conference on Environment and Development73, 632
UN Convention on Biological Diversity232, 237
UN Convention to Combat Desertification633
UN Environment Program285, 693
UN General Assembly73
UN International Law Commission656
UN Security Council286, 691
UNDP
Human Development Reports304
UNEP85, 87
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)658–659
and bottom-up commitments88
preamble to327
rethinking of the role of92
Second Conference of the Parties89
United Kingdom6, 11
United Nations Organization
creation of685
(p. 727) Universal Declaration on Indigenous Rights232
universal human rights326
universalist ethics326
United States
and conservative media152
and conservative politicians153
as high emitter45
climate policy in236
environmental movement, communication activities of359
history of sulphur dioxide markets in61
poor people in46
US Acid Rain Trading Program521
US Chamber of Commerce148, 150
US Climate Action Partnership148
US Congress62, 72, 85
US Environmental Protection Agency71, 135, 178
US National Academy of Sciences69, 70
US National Research Council139
US National Science Foundation132
utilitarianism310, 328, 338
as a moral philosophy342
classical296, 342
consequences of343
theoretical objections to343
theories315
utility
axiomatic utility theory296
in contemporary economics296
metric of300
values
as standards for evaluating personal behaviour360
hierarchical and individualist361
vector-borne disease epidemiology
and climate change224
Versailles14
vulnerability
and dynamics of human and environmental systems208
defined206, 270
Global Change Vulnerability Assessments205–212
indicators211
social and political dynamics of207
vulnerability assessments205
vulnerability researchers
and engagement with indigenous or local knowledge209
war on terror253
water wars261
welfare state10, 491
and climate policy measures494
and green taxes497
and Keynesian consensus491
and population policy501
and the challenge of climate change493
critical challenges to492
public expenditure on492
welfare state regimes491
welfare-economic model297
Western Fuels Association148
Westphalian norms340, 641, 642, 646
White House86
World Bank
and global population security260
Human Development Indicators304
Program for Climate Resilience703
study of adaptation183
World Business Council on Sustainable Development584
World Climate Conference70
World Climate Program (WCP)85
World Conference on the Changing Atmosphere71
World Council of Churches417
World Environment Organization13
world government262, 645
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)85
world politics
governance innovations in685
World Resources Institute703
World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)673
World Trade Organization13
World Wildlife Fund International417