Abstract and Keywords
Energy use is the largest source of global greenhouse gas emissions. This article focuses on developed countries and the industrialized component of developing economies, as their energy systems are responsible for the vast majority of emissions. This article states that although most of the hardware parts of the technologies needed for a zero emission energy system are available, not all of them are commercially available as yet. Disseminating these technologies in the absence of appropriate ‘orgware’ and in the face of existing practices and vested interests is still a formidable challenge. This article summarizes the maturities of various low-carbon technologies for stationary energy and transportation and puts the viable technologies together into scenarios, while refuting the fallacy that a modern energy supply system cannot be based entirely upon renewable energy. It also summarizes the strategies and policies needed to facilitate the essential redesign of the energy system.
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