- List of Contributors
- Climate Change and Society: Approaches and Responses
- A Truly Complex and Diabolical Policy Problem
- The Nature of the Problem
- The Poverty of Climate Economics
- The Development of the Concept of Dangerous Anthropogenic Climate Change
- Voices of Vulnerability: The Reconfiguration of Policy Discourses
- The Physical Sciences and Climate Politics
- Cosmopolitan Knowledge: Climate Science and Global Civic Epistemology
- Organized Climate Change Denial
- Communicating Climate Change: Closing the Science‐Action Gap
- Economic Estimates of the Damages Caused by Climate Change
- Weighing Climate Futures: A Critical Review of the Application of Economic Valuation
- Global Change Vulnerability Assessments: Definitions, Challenges, and Opportunities
- Health Hazards
- Indigenous Peoples and Cultural Losses
- Climate Change and ‘Security’
- Human Security
- Climate Refugees and Security: Conceptualizations, Categories, and Contestations
- From Efficiency to Justice: Utility as the Informational Basis of Climate Strategies, and Some Alternatives
- Climate Justice
- International Justice
- Intergenerational Justice
- Public Opinion and Participation
- Social Movements and Global Civil Society
- Translocal Climate Justice Solidarities
- Climate Denial: Emotion, Psychology, Culture, and Political Economy
- The Role of Religions in Activism
- Comparing State Responses
- Climate Change Politics in an Authoritarian State: The Ambivalent Case of China
- Cities and Subnational Governments
- Issues of Scale in Climate Governance
- Decarbonizing the Welfare State
- Discourses of the Global South
- Economic Policy Instruments for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
- Policy Instruments in Practice
- Carbon Trading: A Critique
- Redesigning Energy Systems
- Corporate Responses
- Is Green Consumption Part of the Solution?
- Selling Carbon: From International Climate Regime to Global Carbon Market
- Improving the Performance of the Climate Regime: Insights from Regime Analysis
- Reconceptualizing Global Governance
- The Role of International Law in Global Governance
- The Democratic Legitimacy of Global Governance after Copenhagen
- New Actors and Mechanisms of Global Governance
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article is about the instruments that have been adopted by various governments to implement the decided policy on climate change. This article surveys the theoretical literature on instruments, identifying and unpacking key terms, and it sets out two ways to theorize and thus explains observed patterns of instrument selection ‘in practice’, the first based on actor behaviour and the second on the mediating effect of institutions. It also investigates instrument choices in one important governing context, namely the EU, which comprises twenty-seven Member States and hosts the world's largest single market. The analysis in this article mainly focuses on instrument selection and adoption practices rather than performance. It also focuses on the instruments associated with mitigating climate change rather than adapting to its unfolding impacts. Finally, this article draws together the main arguments and identifies future challenges in this rapidly developing area of climate change research and policy.
Andrew Jordan is Professor of Environmental Politics, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
David Benson is Lecturer Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE), School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
Rüdiger Wurzel, Department of Politics, University of Hull.
Anthony Zito is Reader in Politics and Co‐Chair of the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence at Newcastle University.
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