Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2020

(p. 669) Index

(p. 669) Index

Numbers in bold refers to tables and figures

acting companies, 8–9, 112;
Admiral's Men, 310, 568, 585, 602–3;
Derby's Men, 446;
King's Players, 460;
Leicester's Men, 309;
Queen's Men, 309, 318, 584, 599–618, 620; see also actors; choristers
actors, 9, 10, 38–9, 64, 112;
amateur, 13, 208;
child, 70 n.28, 210–13, 230, 233, 247, 332, 413, 519–20;
‘disguised cheaters’, 8;
doubling, 211, 230, 247, 270, 494;
female, 210;
professional, 13;
relationship with audience, 178–81, 182, 185–7, 473–4, 522;
touring, 66–7, 208, 262, 270, 584, 599, 600
Adam (the first man), 1–4, 43, 201, 525
Adams, John, 605
aesthetic experience, 49, 50, 541
affective power of drama, 348, 350, 351–2
agon (conflict), 132
Alamire, Pierre, 238
Albion Knight, 276, 277, 518
Alexander II of Scotland, 601
Allde, Edward, 446
Allde, Elizabeth, 641
allegory/allegorical, 5, 16, 86, 141 n.21, 247, 271, 327, 331, 335, 439, 466, 485, 489–90, 494;
abstract types, 247 n.11, 483;
‘allegorical nonsense’, 268, 269;
allegorized action, 3, 326;
civic pageantry, 4, 394;
and costume, 238;
didactic, 467;
dramaturgy, 4;
education, 233, 234, 235;
figures, 1, 3, 16, 132, 139, 183, 253, 255, 266, 268, 272, 435, 440, 451, 502, 508–10, 662;
interpretation of Nature, 433–4;
‘life of man’ genre, 233;
meaning, 132;
mode, 16, 104, 132, 258;
moral message, 27, 247, 310, 450, 466, 501;
political, 516, 518–29;
purposes of, 136;
religious, 102, 265, 267, 270, 526–7;
representation of sin, 150;
tropes, 131
Allen, William, 664;
works: A briefe historie of the glorious martyrdom of XII reuerend priests, 349
Alleyn, Edward, 568, 585, 596 n.6
alliteration, 49, 82, 215, 330, 522
allusion, 22, 26, 179, 280, 282, 397, 536, 566, 580 n.3, 660;
and allegory, 526;
authority, 31;
biblical, 37, 38, 387;
court language, 32;
historical, 132;
as humanistic technique, 362;
literary, 323, 538, 541, 580 n.2;
local, 27, 57, 473;
martyrs’ deaths, 134;
mythological, 324;
political, 397, 467, 472, 516–17, 519, 521, 527;
religious, 344, 346, 351, 517;
royal entries, 32
Amyot, Jacques, 573
anaphora, 492
Andrewe, Lawrence, 93
Angela of Foligno, 85
angels;
creation of, 31, 42;
fall of, 36, 43, 44–9, 130;
‘mechanical’, 389, 396, 397;
spiritual communion with, 85–6
Anglo, Sydney, 378, 389, 417
Anne of Cleves, 227
Antichrist, 30, 134, 503, 610
apocalypse/apocalyptic drama, 123–4, 125, 126, 132, 134, 135, 137, 168
Apollonius of Tyre, 343
Apostles, 74, 75, 83, 86, 129, 131, 138, 351, 381;
Barnabus, 259;
James, 396;
John, 396, 535;
Paul (Saul), 78, 98, 100, 131, 146, 259, 268, 343, 347;
Peter, 84, 85, 346;
Thomas, 38
Apostles’ Creed, 62
apostola apostolorum (messenger to the messengers), 75
apostolic mission, 260
Aquinas, Thomas, 46, 133
(p. 670) Arden of Faversham, 632–52;
disputed authorship, 648–9
Arden, Thomas, murder of, 635, 636–7, 638–41
Ardolino, Frank, 570, 571
Ariès, Philippe, 100
Aristotle, 172, 299, 522
Artaud, Antonin;
‘theatre of cruelty’, 532, 542, 543, 544 n.1
Arthur, Prince of Wales, 181, 213, 374, 378, 381
asceticism, 73, 74, 77, 86;
eremitic ideal, 86, 91 n.39;
fasting, 155–6;
‘holy anorexia’, 85
Ascham, Roger, 212, 216, 574, 575
Aske, Robert, 666
assonance, 330
Astington, John, 604
audience/spectators;
actor–audience relations, 38, 178–81, 182, 185–6, 187, 473–4, 522;
children, 247;
communal experience, 68, 86;
communal prayer, 126;
and conversion, 137;
coterie, 208;
elite/courtly, 100, 181–3, 185, 193, 194, 237, 279, 420, 438, 448–9, 452–3, 456, 458, 475, 517, 519, 521, 568, 604;
empathy, 49–50, 346, 348, 570;
expectations, 179;
imagination, 11, 283–5, 330;
interpretation, 179;
participation, 1–2, 10, 66, 82, 180, 374, 379, 383;
performative role, 188;
readers, 127, 134;
and social hierarchy, 209, 373, 376–7, 379, 474;
‘suspension of disbelief’, 126;
unity, 256
Augustine, 45–6, 49, 51, 76, 78, 381;
works: The City of God, 36–7, 39–40, 47, 53 n.14
Augustodunensis, Honorius, 60
Austen, Gillian, 442, 451
authority;
ecclesiastical, 11;
of God's Word, 3, 37–43, 118–19, 120, 138, 265–9;
of theatre, 11
Awdely, John, 262, 263
Axton, Marie, 550
Aylmer, John;
works: An harborowe for faithfull and trewe subjects, 560
Babel, 568, 579
Babington plot, 161, 162
Babylon, 131, 132, 133
Bacon, Francis, 567, 575
Bacon, Nicholas, 552
Bacon, Roger, 355, 356, 358
Baines, Richard, 162
Bakhtin, Mikhail, 363
Baldwin, T. W., 127, 344
Baldwin, William, 626–7
Bale, John, 9, 56, 248, 482, 608, 667;
life and career, 110;
portrait, 111;
works: Anne Askew, 110;
Catalogus, 110;
The epistle exhortatory of an English Christian, 470;
God's Promises, 110, 120, 501;
The Image of Both Churches, 110;
John the Baptist's Preaching, 110, 501;
King Johan, 110, 499–513, 518, 521, 524, 659;
Summarium, 110;
The Temptation of Christ, 110, 120, 501;
The Three Laws, 5, 6–7, 10, 109–22, 177, 501, 660;
Vocation, 110
Ballard, John, 161, 162
banns, 59–60
baptism, 68, 84, 256
Barlow, William;
works: An answer to a Catholic Englishman, 471
Baron, Stephen, 193
Barrett, Jr., Robert W., 28
Barrowe, Henry, 161
Barton, John, 164, 166
Baskervill, C. R., 607
Bate, Jonathan, 654
bawdy houses/brothels, 10, 232, 309, 473, 659
Baynes, Bishop Ralph, 264
Beard, Thomas, 161;
works: The theatre of Gods judgements, 638
Beatitudes;
gift of poverty, 85
Beaufort, Lady Margaret, 74, 375, 382
Beaumont, Francis;
works: The Knight of the Burning Pestle, 185
Beckwith, Sarah, 510
Becon, Thomas, 248;
works: The works of T. Becon, 470
Bede, the Venerable, 75
Bedlam, 278, 282
Belloy, Pierre de, 572
Bentley, John, 605
Bergeron, David, 373
Berthoud, Jacques, 661
(p. 671) Bevington, David, 56, 58, 64, 66, 68, 104, 163, 164, 246, 247, 248, 466, 469, 528
Bible;
Great Bible, 3;
interpretation, 29;
scholarship, 75;
Vulgate, 38, 168; see also New Testament; Old Testament
biblical drama, 1–4, 120, 129–30, 132, 167–8, 387, 501, 535
Bidermann, Jakob;
works: Cenodoxus, 137
Birde, Samuel, 163
Blake, William, 44
blasphemy, 161, 162, 168, 214, 476, 588, 591, 596
Blomfylde, Miles, 77, 78
blood (motif), 55, 96, 147, 167–9, 617 n.48, 657, 663–4
Blount, Edward, 331, 335
Boas, F. S., and A. W. Reed, 181, 188
Boccaccio, Giovanni, 489;
works: Decameron, 460;
De Geneologia Deorum Gentilum, 217
body, 150–2, 155, 163, 178, 180, 288, 544, 590, 658;
body–soul dichotomy, 144–9, 156–8, 202;
distinct from flesh, 146–7, 151, 156–8;
regulation of, 99,
suffering, 139;
transience of flesh, 132
Bokenham, Osbern, 72, 73–4, 75, 78
Boleyn, Anne, 208, 213, 216, 218, 220, 420, 518, 548;
coronation festivities, 386–401
Bolingbroke, Henry, 623, 624
Bolwell, R. W., 211
Book of Common Prayer, 227, 228, 346
Book of Sir Thomas More, The, 10, 227, 262, 271–3
Book of Virtues and Vices, The, 184
Bossy, John, 5
Bosworth Field, battle of, 374
Bourchier, Lady Isabel, 72–5, 83
Boutcher, Warren, 361
Bowers, Fredson, 567, 569
Boys, John;
works: Remaines, 638
Bradbrook, M. C., 344
Brandon, Charles, 468
Brant, Sebastian;
works: The Ship of Fools, 488
Brecht, Bertolt;
works: Coriolan, 166
Brigden, Susan, 265
Brinsley, John, 295
Brome, Joan, 332
Brown, John, 411
Browne, Thomas, 504, 601
Buchanan, George, 216
Buddha, 91 n.39
Bullinger, Heinrich, 315
Burbage, James, 8, 12, 211, 277
Burchall, Edmund, 604
Burgh, Hubert de, 601
Bury St Edmunds, 56, 59, 60, 601
Bushell, Thomas, 163
Cade, Jack, 619, 629, 630–1
Caiaphas, 61
Calisto and Melebea, 194
Calvin, John, 172;
works: Commentaries, 2;
Institutes of the Christian Religion, 257, 259
Cambridge, 172, 356–8, 362, 364, 366;
Caius College, 161;
Christ's College, 276, 277, 278, 279, 283, 285, 288:
account books, 278, 290 n.14;
Corpus Christi, 161, 167;
Jesus College, 110;
Trinity College, 127
Capgrave, John, 74, 78
capitalism, urban, 346, 347, 351
Cappello, Carlo, 391
Caravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi da, 162
Carew, Nicholas, 412
caricature, 28, 285, 349
Carlson, David, 606
carnival/carnivalesque, 4, 114, 606
Carr, Virginia, 614
Cartwright, Kent, 298, 299, 343, 346, 362, 460
Castiglione, Baldassare, 325
Castle of Perseverance, The, 4, 100, 104, 166, 184, 333, 483, 526
catholicism;
anti-catholic/anti-papal drama, 115, 128, 472, 601–2, 604, 607–9, 614;
‘massing mummery’, 138;
representation of salvation, 257, 258;
as superstition, 165;
theatricality of, 471
Cauthen, Irby, 547
Cavanagh, Dermot, 297
Cavendish, George, 407–10, 414–17;
works: The Life and Death of Cardinal Wolsey, 403
Caxton, William, 77, 183, 195, 434
(p. 672) Cecil, William, Lord Burghley, 362, 378, 548, 560, 561
Cecily, Countess of York, 74
celibacy, 2, 219, 501
ceremony, 378, 407, 415;
interaction rituals, 339–1, 345–9, 350–1;
performance of hierarchy, 556–8;
reinforcement of tradition, 397;
ritualized play, 557;
as ‘social glue’, 339;
and social order, 338–42, 347, 379, 383
Chambers, E. K., 58, 59
chapbooks, 356, 364
Chapuys, Eustace, 388, 391
Charles V, Emperor, 388, 397, 402, 416–19
Chaucer, Geoffrey, 14, 76, 79, 98, 162, 296;
works: The Canterbury Tales, 105, 216;
Oyrgenes upon the Maudelyne, 85;
The Parliament of Fowls, 195, 205 n.39;
The Prioress's Tale, 228;
Troilus and Crisyede, 536;
Wife of Bath's Tale, 183
Cheke, John;
works: The Hurte of Sedicion, 636, 637
Chester, 2, 4, 17;
Abbey of St Werburgh, 25, 32;
Cestrian identity, 21, 24, 30, 33;
Chester cycle plays, 3, 16, 21–35, 23, 44–9, 167;
Corpus Christi play, 21–5, 27;
crafts and guilds, 22–6;
Early Banns, 24, 25, 26, 29;
‘Great Charter’ (1506), 24;
Late Banns, 26, 29, 30;
Midsummer Watch, 24, 32, 33;
Shepherds pageants, 4, 26
Chettle, Henry 603
Cheyne, Thomas, 639–40, 645
child-rearing, 246, 250–3
chivalry/chivalric culture, 351, 407, 419, 421, 434, 440, 447
choristers, 208, 213, 226;
Children of the Chapel Royal, 211, 227, 230, 413, 519;
Children of St Paul's, 211, 226–8, 230–4, 237, 248, 332, 335, 412–13, 421, 519, 604, 647; see also actors, child
Christ, 1, 4, 8, 28, 31–2, 38, 55, 57, 60, 74–5, 81–2, 84–6, 120, 130, 168, 188, 508;
Annunciation of, 75;
blood of, 61–2, 168, 255–6, 361, 381;
Cleansing of the Temple, 32–3;
corpus Christi (body of Christ), 167, 168;
Crucifixion, 5–6, 22, 32, 50, 61, 82, 83, 86;
Entry into Jerusalem, 61;
as exemplar of the mixed life, 78;
Last Supper, 29, 61;
Nativity, 4, 24;
Passion, 24, 60, 61, 62;
Resurrection, 24, 27, 29, 32, 75, 76, 82–3, 534;
as Saviour, 99;
Second Coming, 129, 135
Christina of Markyate, 73
Christmas celebrations, 179–80, 499, 514–19, 547–8, 555–6;
festive disorder, 343–4, 552–3;
traditional games, 189, 290 n.21
Church;
as bride of Christ, 124–5;
as community of the living and dead, 380–3;
early, 74, 75, 83, 86, 132, 506;
Fourth Lateran Council, 506;
as intercessor, 99, 249;
late medieval, 86, 98, 100–1, 105, 119;
religious authority, 5;
Church Fathers, 75
Cinque Ports, 639, 641
Cicero, Marcus Tullius, 195, 216, 299, 350, 543–4;
works: De Amicitia, 293, 294–5, 300, 302, 303, 306;
De Inventione, 202;
De Officiis, 324;
Somnium Scipionis, 533;
Tusculan Disputations, 544
citizenship, 196
civic drama, 1, 3–4, 8–9, 15, 25, 31, 383, 432
Clarke, Samuel;
works: A mirrour or looking-glasse both for saints and sinners, 638
Clegg, Brian, 356
Clement VII, Pope, 402
Clopper, Lawrence M., 21, 22, 24, 27, 60, 466
closet drama, 210, 531–2
Cloyomon and Clamydes, 460
cognitive poetics, 346
Coleman, David, 63
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 569
Colet, Dean, 226, 229, 230
Coletti, Theresa, 29–30, 86
College of Arms, 373, 378, 379
Collinson, Patrick, 560
Colwell, Thomas, 276, 277, 278, 289
comedy, 3–6, 15–16, 359–62, 457–9, 519, 521–2, 605;
anti-catholic, 607–8, 614;
apocalyptic, 123–4;
clowning, 608;
humane, 281;
sources of, 342;
stand-up, 522; see also farce; humour
comic hero, 356
(p. 673) commerce, 58, 59, 60, 93, 319, 517; see also mercantilism; trade
Common Conditions, 460
common-profit books, 78
common weal/commonwealth, 196–200, 202–3, 435, 523–5, 527, 553;
and concept of sovereignty, 620–32
Complaynt of Scotland, The, 524
confession, 82, 91 n.36, 99, 117, 150, 152, 156, 255, 263, 506
conscience, 145, 149–50, 153, 218, 249, 259, 637, 638
Constantine, Emperor, 131
contemplative theology, 74–5, 77, 81–2, 86;
active life of duty vs. contemplative life of retreat, 74–5, 77–9, 85;
‘mixed life’, 78, 81, 85, 86
conversion, 31, 62, 86, 137, 350, 500;
and grace, 82;
of Jews, 55, 57–8, 63, 68;
narratives/drama, 77–8, 144, 147, 152–6, 158, 182, 260, 267, 270, 311, 471;
of Paul (Saul), 100, 131;
penitential, 117;
and physical healing, 60
Conversion of St Paul, The, 77
Copland, William, 262, 263
Corpus Christi plays, 180, 182, 187; see also Chester; York
costume;
and allegory, 238;
as dramatic device, 118, 125, 133, 255, 394, 407–9, 413–14;
dress code, 112, 114, 117–18, 210;
symbolic, 184, 283–4, 404
Counter-Reformation, 5, 74, 344, 346
coup de théâtre, 136
Courtenay, Gertrude, 413
Courtenay, Henry, 413
Coventry cycle plays, 2, 4, 16
Cox, Hohn D., 621
Cradle of Security, The, 271
crafts and guilds, 4, 8, 59, 466;
financial obligations, 22–4, 30
Craik, T. W., 230
Crane, Mary, 560
Cranmer, Thomas, 134, 219, 220, 387, 397, 499, 503, 511
Crashaw, Richard, 533
Cromwell, Thomas, 110, 115, 212, 500, 510
Crowley, Robert, 249
Croxton Play of the Sacrament, 4, 55–71, 167, 657, 667;
banns, 55, 56–7, 61, 63;
staging, 64–7
Cruel Murder done in Kent, A, 636
cultural capital, 11, 114
cycle tradition, 3, 4, 21–3, 26–7, 32, 52, 61, 112, 129, 132
damnation, 96–7, 144;
dialectic with salvation, 162–4, 170–2, 595;
and Islam, 311–12
danse macabre, 94; see also death
Das, Nandini, 447
Davies, Cliff, 398
Davies, Norman, 1, 56
Dawson, Anthony B., 189
death;
afterlife, 382, 595;
Ars Moriendi (art of dying), 94, 100–1;
and drama, 373–401;
finality of, 380–1;
inevitability of, 105, 595;
memento mori, 94
preparation for, 94–5, 96, 104;
as spiritual journey, 374; see also damnation; Heaven; Hell; Purgatory; salvation
Death, figure of, 94, 96–7, 101, 104, 310, 590–1, 595, 667
Dee, John, 356
deictics, 60, 118, 210, 346
Dekker, Thomas;
works: Josef, the Jew of Venice, 310
Desert Fathers and Mothers, 75, 156
d’Étaples, Jacques Lefèvre, 75
Devil, the, 101, 133–7, 168–70;
and Faust, 161–72;
the fall of Lucifer, 31, 36, 43–51, 130–1;
temptation of Christ, 120;
temptation of Eve, 1, 130
devils/demons, 11, 48–9, 163–4, 167, 367
devotional culture, 5, 6, 9, 11, 79–80, 90–1 n.32, 526
Dick, Philip K., 500
didactic drama, 40, 49, 452, 551;
and allegory, 466, 467;
and dumb shows, 558;
‘exemplary didacticism’, 154;
and morality plays, 214, 310;
purpose of, 4, 7, 144, 351, 509;
simplistic characters, 258
(p. 674) Digby Mary Magdalene, 5, 11, 15, 72–92, 184
Dillon, Janette, 12, 14, 359, 667
Dimmock, Matthew, 313
Dinteville, Jean de, 388
disguisings, 180, 181, 408, 420, 466;
disguising houses, 408, 410, 411, 414–16, 419, 420, 421
Disobedient Child, The, 227, 264, 266, 271
Dives and Lazarus, 271
Dodieu, Claude, 404, 410, 411
Donne, John, 643
Dostoevsky, Fyodor, 171
Downton, Thomas, 602, 603
dramaturgy, 600, 642–4;
and allegory, 4;
and catholicism, 517;
humanist, 116;
and morality plays, 50, 447–8, 468–70, 476
Dryver, John 396
Dudley, Edmund;
works: The Tree of Commonwealth, 199
Dudley, Robert, 436, 548, 550–5, 561
Dugdale, William;
works: Origines Juridiciales, 555–7
dumb show, 429, 431, 458, 568, 654, 657;
artifice, 332;
devil's parliament, 80;
parliament in heaven, 211;
spectacle and, 328;
as stage convention, 448, 450–3, 547–8, 551–2, 554, 557–61
Dumistrescu, Theodor, 389
Dunlop, Fiona S., 468, 475
Duns Scotus, 133
Dutton, Richard, 338, 344
Dyccon of Bedlam, 278
Dycker, Roger, 392
Dyer, Edward, 442
East Anglia, 56, 57, 59, 72, 73, 74, 77, 357, 361, 367
education, 12, 229–30, 234–5, 244 n.72, 247;
corporal punishment, 366;
grammar schools, 202, 208, 212–13, 230, 237–8, 248, 293, 332, 357, 543;
humanist, 183, 195, 212, 264, 332, 362, 543;
litterae humaniorus, 532, 543;
performance as mode of learning, 216;
plays, 236, 264;
rhetoric, 295;
rote learning, 332;
studia humanitatis, 196;
three steps (translation, adaptation, imitation), 324; see also child-rearing
Edward I, 361
Edward IV, 181, 378
Edward VI;
death of, 515;
mythography, 248;
policy against superstition, 526
Edward the Confessor, 392, 395
Edwards, Richard;
works: Damon and Pythias, 293–308;
Palamon and Arcite, 296;
The paradyse of dainty devises, 306
effigies, 373, 376, 378, 379
ekphrasis, 68
election, doctrine of, 117, 154, 249, 257–9, 260
Eliot, T. S., 162
Elizabeth I;
Bond of Association, 586–7;
entertainment at Elvetham, 329, 433;
entertainment at Kenilworth Castle, 429, 432, 436–7, 439, 441;
entertainment at Woodstock, 429–45:
The Queenes Maiesties Entertainment at Woodstock, 431, 433, 435–7, 441–3;
pre- coronation pageants, 558, 559;
proclamation against Anabaptists, 503;
proclamation against usury, 328
Elizabeth of York, 374, 381
Elizabethan ‘Renaissance’, 531
Elton, G. R., 380
Elyot, Thomas, 193, 199, 306;
works: The Bankette of Sapience, 301;
The boke named the Governour, 203, 294–5, 297–9, 299–300, 302, 303, 475;
The Image of Governance, 297, 301
Emmerson, Richard K., 30
Empson, William, 361
English Faust-Book, 163, 165, 167
Enough is as Good as a Feast, 3
Erasmus, 75, 236, 248, 273;
works: Adages, 12–13;
Apothegms, 470;
Education of a Christian Prince, 475;
Enchiridion Militis Christiani, 664–5;
In Praise of Folly, 215;
Paraphrases, 518
Eric XIV, King of Sweden, 548, 551
Erne, Lukas, 570
eschatology, 61, 100, 118, 128, 580 n.2
estates satire, 14, 59, 207, 219
ethics of authorship, 656, 660
(p. 675) Eucharistic practice, 29, 57, 60–4, 68, 86, 119, 263;
performative power, 60;
Real Presence, 62, 63, 67, 168
euphuistic mode, 330, 334
evangelism, 86, 109, 110, 118–19
Eve (the first woman), 1, 2, 4, 43, 49, 103–4, 130, 202
Everyman (figure), 7, 93–100, 113, 167, 379, 586, 590, 595, 667
Everyman, The Summoning of, 7, 10, 93–100;
allegorical dramaturgy, 4, 662;
didactic message, 10, 310;
inevitability of death, 590–1, 595;
religious frame, 182
evil, 48–50, 80–1, 134, 532, 595, 656, 667;
Manichean struggle with good, 132; see also vice; vice figures
exorcism, 137, 349, 351
Fabyan, Robert, 504
Fairfax, Paul, 165
fairs, 361, 362, 363, 640, 641
faith, 100–3, 147–9, 156–7;
and allegory, 526;
and Christian doctrine, 60–3, 68;
justification by, 269;
and salvation, 98–9, 263;
and spiritual vision, 149–53;
statements of, 61–3
Fall, the, 1, 2, 24, 43, 45, 146
Fall of Lucifer, The, 31
Famous Historie of Fryer Bacon, The, 356, 364
Famous Victories of Henry V, The, 600
Farrant, Richard, 277
Felix and Philiomena, 602
Ferdinand of Aragon, 374
Fish, Simon, 504
Fisher, John, 374, 375, 376;
works: English Works, 378, 380, 381
Fitzroy, Henry, 213
Five Plays in One, 602
Flemyng, Abraham, 637–8
Flodden Field, battle of, 27, 468
Florio, John;
works: Second Fruits, 14
Flynn, Jane, 231
Foakes, R. A., 349
folk drama, 4; see also popular culture
folklore, 5, 433
Forest-Hill, Lynn, 470, 495
forgiveness, 50, 55, 59, 83, 154, 158
Fortescue, John;
works: Of the Governance of England, 203
Foucault, Michel, 169
Fox, Adam, 509
Fox, Alistair, 272
Foxe, John;
works: Acts and Monuments, 137, 138–40, 264:
woodcuts, 610–12, 613;
Against Ierome Osorius, 574, 576;
Book of Martyrs, 132, 138–40, 349;
Christus Triumphans, 123–43
Francis I, 388, 402–3, 406–8, 417
Freedman, Barbara, 339
friendship, 293–308, 325;
aestheticized image, 298;
good counsel, 296, 297;
humanist tradition, 294;
ideal, 294, 295, 300;
instrumental, 301;
and love, 325, 331;
performance of, 305–6;
and virtue, 293, 294, 299, 303
Frizer, Ingram, 161
Fulwell, Ulpian;
works: Like Will to Like, 306, 466
Gabrieli, Vittorio, and Giorgio Melchiori, 271
Gadd, I., 248
Gallagher, Catherine, and Stephen Greenblatt, 63
Gammer Gurton's Needle, 276–92, 325;
title page, 281
Garden of Eden, 3, 45, 49, 535; see also Paradise
gardens, 429, 432, 433;
walled garden (hortus conclusus), 535
Gardiner, Stephen, 128
Garnier, Robert;
works: Cornélie, 573;
Porcie, 573
Garrett, Robert, 440
Gascoigne, George;
works: ‘The Hermit's Tale, 430–6, 438–9, 440–2;
Jocasta, 450–1;
Posies, 442;
A Primer of English Poetry, 431, 432
Gawdy, Philip, 585
gender, 253–4, 286–7, 316–18, 335, 379, 525;
masculinity, 475–7; see also women
(p. 676) Geoffrey of Monmouth;
works: History of the Kings of Britain, 548, 550
Gibson, Richard, 410–11, 412
Gieskes, Edward, 599
gift of tongues, 32, 83
Gill, Roma, 169
Gilte Legende, 77
Gismond of Salerne, 459, 462 n.16
Gittings, Clare, 378, 382
Gnostic gospels, 75, 83
God, 1, 31, 32, 79, 94, 104, 125, 169, 170;
Creation, 36–7, 39–43, 129;
divine foreknowledge, 44, 45;
divine punishment, 48, 166, 171, 490, 577;
Last Judgement, 24, 36, 117, 129;
praise of, 2, 46;
relationship with creation, 36–7, 94–7, 101, 310
Godly Queen Hester, 16, 177
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 162, 172
Goffman, Erving, 341;
‘face-work’, concept of, 339, 349, 351; see also ceremony
Golden Legend (Legenda aurea), 3, 83, 85
Goodcole, Henry, 641;
works: The Adultresses Funeral Day, 638
Goodman, Christopher, 26, 30
Gosson, Stephen;
works: Plays confuted in five Actions, 309
Goulart, Simon, 573
Gower, John;
works: Confessio Amantis, 343
grace, 82, 85, 249, 256–60, 262, 483, 654
Grafton, Richard, 403
grammar schools, see education
Grantley, Daryl, 475
Graves, R. B., 604
Gray, John de, 601, 602
Greene, Robert, 448, 573;
works: Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay, 355–70;
Mamillia, 447;
The Repentance of Robert Greene Maister of Artes, 357, 358, 364, 366
Greenwich triumphs, 402–28
Greenwood, John, 161
Greg, Walter, 164
Grey, Lady Jane, 246, 515
Grey, Katherine, 549, 550
Grimald, Nicholas;
works: Christus Redivivus, 128
Grindal, Edmund, 587
Grössinger, Christa, 103
Groves, Beatrice, 611
Guarnas, Andrea;
works: Bellum Grammaticale, 234
Guildford, Henry, 412
Gunpowder Plot, 609
Gyles, Thomas, 229
Haddon, Walter;
works: Against Jerome Osorius Bishop of Silvane, 471, 574, 575, 579;
A sight of the Portugall pearle, 575, 578, 579
hagiography, 5, 72–4, 77, 86, 138
Haigh, Christopher, 609
Hakluyt, Richard;
works: The Principall Navigations, Voiages and Discoveries of the English Nation, 312
Hall, Edward, 218;
works: Hall's Chronicle, 271, 374–5, 376, 402–28
Hall, Joseph, 14
Hallett, Charles A., and Elaine S. Hallett, 569
Hamel, Guy, 614
Hampton Court, 209, 410, 415–16, 419, 526
Hampton-Reeves, Stuart, 600
Hamilton, Donna, 344
Happé, Peter, 467
Harborne, William, 312
Harding, Thomas;
works: A rejoinder to M. Jewel's reply, 470
Hardison, O. B., 60
Harling, Anne, 74
Harpsfield, Nicholas, 271
Harrington, John, 212
Harrowing of Hell, 61, 82, 130, 500;
Chester pageant, 22, 23, 27
Harsnett, Samuel;
works: Declaration of Egregious Popish Impostures, 137, 577–8
Hartley, William, 344
Hartwell, Abraham, 575
Harvey, Gabriel, 357, 575;
works: Four Letters, 365
Haughton, William;
works: A Woman Will Have Her Will, 646
Hawes, Stephen;
works: Pastime of Pleasure, 233, 234
Heaven, 44, 45, 51, 98, 103, 166, 536, 596
Helen of Troy, 169–70, 171
(p. 677) Hell, 27–8, 48–9, 540–1;
dramatic portrayal of, 82, 169–72, 367, 447, 449–50;
fear of, 380;
God's punishment, 43–6
Henri III of France, 572
Henri IV of France, 650
Henry III, 356
Henry IV, 403
Henry V, 374
Henry VI, 623, 627, 629
Henry VII, 5, 14, 110, 181, 398, 508;
funeral ceremonial, 373–401;
life and reputation, 374–5
Henry VIII;
break from Rome, 346, 502, 515, 586, 613;
commitment to confession, 506;
court, 196, 263, 418–19, 519;
diplomacy, 404, 407, 408, 414–15;
dissolution of the monasteries, 608;
execution of Thomas More, 271;
last will and testament, 549, 550;
marriages, 227, 386, 388, 398, 420;
piety, 5;
poetry, 218;
princely magnificence, 388– 9, 404–12, 415–17;
proclamation against dice and cards, 28;
royal account books, 181, 410, 423 n.37;
royal image, 419–20, 421;
support for anti-Imperial league, 417–18
Henslowe, Philip, 163, 602, 603, 605;
works: Diary, 355, 460, 568
heraldic funerals, 378–9, 380, 383
heraldry, 198, 377, 378, 379, 419, 552, 553
heresy, 59, 62, 111, 133, 396, 500, 598 n.24, 663
Heresy of the Free Spirit (Free Spiritism), 92 n.45
Herod, 39, 61, 79, 167, 343, 345, 589, 590–1, 666
Herrick, Marvin T., 128
Heywood, Jasper;
works: Hercules Furens, 16–17;
translation of Seneca's Thyestes, 531–46;
Troas, 533, 535
Heywood, John, 9, 11, 225, 238, 482, 484, 485, 656;
works: The Four P's, 177, 192, 215, 271;
Johan Johan, 216;
The Pardoner and the Friar, 192, 216;
The Play of the Weather, 10, 14, 177, 192, 193, 207–23, 234, 426 n.148, 474, 661, 662;
Proverbs, 260;
The Spider and the Fly, 192;
Witty and Witless,193
Heywood, Thomas;
works: A Woman Killed with Kindness, 635
Hick Scorner, 194, 465–81, 490, 662
Higden, Ranulf;
works: Polychronicon, 29;
Stanzaic Life of Christ, 29
Hill, Janet, 186, 187
Hilliard, Nicholas, 333
Hilton, Walter;
works: Epistle on the Mixed Life, 77, 78;
The Scale of Perfection, 77
history plays, 344, 356, 499–513, 619–34
Hit Nail o’ th’ Head, 271
Hobbes, Thomas, 201, 608
Holbein, Hans, 386, 389, 397, 411, 412, 416, 418
Holinshed, Raphael;
works: Chronicles, 460, 471, 635–7, 640–1, 649
Holme II, Randle, 25
Holsinger, Bruce, 60–1
Holt, John, 229
Holy Land, 84, 85
Holy Spirit, 84, 85
Homer, 132, 535
homophones, 41, 85, 330
honestas, 196
Hooker, Richard, 171
Horace, 294, 302, 305, 535
Horman, William, 236
How, William, 263
Howard, Katherine, 227
Howard, Mary, 213
Huggard, Miles, 225
Hugo, Victor, 648
humanism, 12–15, 100, 195, 197–203, 362, 657;
Christian scholarship, 75;
civic, 255, 560;
and the common weal, 200–4, 620;
dramaturgy, 116;
idea of citizenship, 196;
ideal of friendship, 294;
influence on culture, 93, 183, 198;
rhetoric, 127;
secular outlook, 189;
tragedy and, 532, 542–4;
virtue, 185
humoral theory, 476, 477
humour, 95, 98, 303, 324, 432, 519, 608–9, 649;
bawdy, 16, 50, 189, 208, 213, 366;
burlesque, 214;
jokes, 6, 95–7, 188, 228, 323, 341, 492, 519, 645, 660;
laughter, 113, 285, 289, 295, 338–9, 342, 520–2, 525, 608–9;
mockery, 32, 83, 285, 295, 339, 349, (p. 678) 491, 609;
playfulness, 16, 41, 193, 296, 509, 536, 653;
rhetorical, 279
Hundred Merry Tales, A, 609
Hunt, Alice, 397, 523, 524
Hunter, G. K., and David Bevington, 447
Hutson, Lorna, 300, 301
Hyde, Patricia, 639
Icarus, 165
idolatry, 114, 115, 575
Impatient Poverty, 248, 249, 271
incest, 347
Innocent III, Pope, 499, 502, 504, 505, 601
Inns of Chancery, 552
Inns of Court, 179, 216, 549;
Gray's Inn, 338, 342–3, 421, 518;
Inner Temple, 16, 547, 548, 550–1, 552, 553, 554–5, 557, 560–1, 563 n.22;
Lincoln's Inn, 293;
Middle Temple, 552
interiority, 3, 4, 13, 16
interludes;
and allegory, 132, 246–7, 268, 271, 518, 519;
comic, 456;
coterie audience, 208;
humanist, 112, 201–2;
institutional, 262–5;
moral, 50, 271–2, 333, 465–6, 469–70, 473, 477, 478 n.6;
political, 482–3, 520–1, 527;
protestant, 3–4, 10, 270–1;
secular, 16, 214;
inter-textuality, 77, 80, 465, 468, 570, 575, 578
irony, 470, 509, 576, 611;
ironic reversal, 169
Isabella of Castile, 374
Jack Juggler, 16, 230, 234
Jackson, Macdonald P., 648
Jacob, Edward, 648
Jacobean drama, 460
James I, 321 n.14, 373, 438
James V, 233
Jeffes, Abel, 641
Jerusalem, 84, 132
Jesuits, 137, 161, 346, 573, 664
Jew, The, 310, 311
Jews/Judaism, 31–3, 57–60, 63, 67–8, 69 n.8, 131, 508;
anti-Semitism, 55, 57, 313, 320;
assimilation, 310;
conversion, 68;
expulsion from England, 313;
as ‘other’, 317;
representation of, 310, 311–14, 319–20;
trade and money lending, 310, 311
John the Evangelist, 83, 396
John, King of England, 499–500, 503–5, 508–9, 601, 608
Johnson, S. F., 571
Johnston, Alexandra, 49
Jones, Emrys, 625
Jones, James Cellan, 343
Jones, Robert C., 186, 187
Jones, Whitney, 523
Jonson, Ben, 373, 383, 568;
works: The Alchemist, 14, 578;
Bartholomew Fair, 363, 605;
The Devil is an Ass, 273, 613;
Volpone, 14
Joseph (husband of the Virgin), 4, 345
jousts, 15, 386–8, 402, 404, 407, 413–14, 419; see also tilts/tiltyards
Judas, 28
Julian of Norwich, 73
Katherine of Aragon;
betrothal and marriage to Prince Arthur, 181, 374;
coronation, 390;
court festivities, 404–9, 415;
divorce from Henry VIII, 217, 263, 387;
entry into London, 378;
miscarriages, 218;
popularity, 391
Keenan, Siobhan, 601
Kemp, William, 605, 607
Kempe, Margery, 73, 76, 85
Kendall, Gillian Murray, 656
Kermode, Lloyd, 314
Kett's Rebellion, 636
Kettle, Ralph, 305
Kewes, Paulina, 296
King, John, 248, 249
King, Pamela M., 248,263, 264, 268
King, Ros, 295, 296, 305, 306
King's Book, The, 263
Kingsmill, Roger, 358
Kinney, Arthur, 343, 344, 345, 649
Kipling, Gordon, 397
Kirchmeyer, Thomas;
works: Pammachius, 128, 131, 134, 280, 281–2, 286
(p. 679) Knell, William, 605
Knight, Charles, 648
Knox, John 127
Kratzer, Nicolaus, 411, 412
Kyd, Thomas, 13, 162, 648;
works: The Spanish Tragedy, 355, 448, 451, 541, 566–83, 658, 662
Lacan Jacques, 346
Ladd, Roger A., 100
Lambarde, William;
works: Perambulation of Kent, 642, 650 n.3
Lancashire, Ian, 467, 468, 473, 476
Langland, William, 249;
works: Piers Plowman, 104–5, 167
Langton, Stephen, 499, 502, 504, 505, 508–9, 601
language;
Dutch, 93;
French, 32, 33, 39;
Greek, 164, 534;
Latin, 38, 39, 42, 52, 68, 72, 85, 125, 195, 229, 230, 235, 236, 244 n.77, 254, 284, 323, 324, 366, 505, 532:
‘elitist cachet’, 359, 365;
liturgical, 82;
power of, 13;
scatological, 113;
vernacular, 38, 39, 42, 52, 85, 324
Lanquet, Thomas;
works: An Epitome of Chronicles, 636
Latimer, Hugh, 134
Lavin, J. A., 367
Lawton, David, 55, 66
Lazarus, 75, 82
Lee, Henry, 430, 439–40
Legh, Gerard;
works: The Accedence of Armory, 552–3, 554, 557
legislation;
Act in Restraint of Appeals, 387, 397;
Act of the Six Articles, 263;
Act of Succession, 271;
Act against Usury, 314, 315;
Act against Vagabonds, 585;
Treason Act, 636
Leland, John, 387, 389, 391, 392, 395, 398;
works: A Defence of the Renowned Arthur, King of Britain, 507;
Laborious Journey, 110
Lestringant, Frank, 572
Levant Company, 312
Levinas, Emmanuel, 61
Levine, Mortimer, 550
Lily, William, and John Colet;
works: A Short Introduction of Grammar, 323
Linlithgow Palace, 253
literary criticism, 153, 295, 431, 654;
Cultural Materialism school, 570;
New Historicist school, 570
Little, Katherine, 117
liturgical drama, 42, 60, 68, 82–3, 86,135, 466, 510–11
Loach, Jennifer, 378, 397
Lodge, Thomas;
works: An Alarum Against Usurers, 314–15
Lollards, 57, 62, 73, 91 n.36
Lombard, Peter, 46
London Against the Three Ladies, 310
Longer Thou Livest the More Fool Thou Art, The, 264
Longstaffe, Stephen, 500
Love, Nicholas;
works: Meditationes Vitae Christi, 526
Lovekyn, George, 410–11
Lucan, 535
Lucian;
works: Calumnia non temere credulum, 338;
Icaromenippus, 217;
Necromantia, 195, 198
Lull, Ramon;
works: Book of the Ordre of Chyvalry, 434
Lumiansky, R. M., 26, 27
Lunney, Ruth, 614
Lusty Juventus (attrib. R. Wever), 227, 262–75, 466
Lutheranism, 93, 269
Lydgate, John, 56, 489
Lyly, John, 11, 232, 429, 442, 446–8;
works: Campaspe, 332, 333, 602;
Endymion, 323–37, 434, 647;
Euphues: the Anatomy of Wit, 330, 331, 647;
Euphues and His England, 330, 331, 647;
Galatea, 334, 335;
Love's Metamorphosis, 333, 334, 335;
Midas, 333;
Mother Bombie, 334;
Sappho and Phao, 602;
Six Court Comedies, 331, 335
Lyndsay, David, 233;
works: Satyre of the Thrie Estaitis, 521
(p. 680) McAlindon, Thomas, 566
McCaffrey, Wallace, 604, 610
McCoy, Richard, 552
MacFaul, Tom, 294, 295
McGavin, John, 215
Machyn, Henry, 548, 552, 557
Mack, Peter, 295
McMillin, Scott, and Sally-Beth MacLean, 599, 600, 601, 604, 605, 614, 620
Macrobius, 533, 534
madness, 447, 483, 488–9, 493, 496, 567, 569, 570, 574–8;
poetical fury, 537, 539
Magna Carta, 504
Magnificence, 182, 221, 264, 470, 521
Mahomet, 588, 591, 594, 598 n.25
Maiano, Giovanni da, 411
Major, John M., 300
Mankind, 4, 56, 100, 116, 184, 476;
conservative message, 104;
religious frame, 182;
vice figures, 214, 258
Mann, Thomas, 162
Mardeley, John 248
Margaret, Duchess of Clarence, 74
Marian performance, 67, 71 n.32
Marlowe, Christopher, 12, 13, 293, 355, 573, 580, 648;
works: Dr Faustus, 11, 15, 96, 161–74, 356, 361, 367, 595, 603, 643:
performance history, 163–4;
Hero and Leander, 170;
The Jew of Malta, 50, 55, 310, 320;
The Massacre at Paris, 356;
Tamburlaine, 171, 584–98, 599, 623
marriage, 123, 124, 216, 458, 475;
arranged, 73, 213;
companionate, 347;
drama, 550, 551;
as foundation of social order, 347, 348;
as ‘indissoluble glue’, 348;
and redemption, 318–19;
and social advancement, 252;
and social order, 347
Marriage of Wit and Science, The, 227–8
Marston, John;
works: The Malcontent, 185
Martha, 74, 75, 78, 82
‘Martin Marprelate’ controversy, 587, 647
martyrs/martyrdom, 158, 664;
protestant, 138–9, 148–9;
public death as performance, 138–9;
saintly, 74;
virgin, 73
Mary Magdalene, 73, 74–7, 78–86;
vita apostolica, 85
Mary Queen of Scots, 216, 328, 437, 548, 572, 587
Maslen, Robert, 362
masques, 15, 167, 180, 209–10, 403, 407, 409, 429, 552; see also dance
Mayor, J. E. B., 375
Medici, Cosimo de, 393
Meditationes vitae Christi, 76
Medwall, Henry, 11;
works: Fulgens and Lucres, 10, 14, 16, 177–91, 195, 197–8, 199, 202–3, 208, 474;
Nature, 200, 201, 233, 266, 470
Mehl, Dieter, 450, 558–9
memory;
communal, 347;
‘doubling’, 350
Merbecke, John;
works: Concordance, 237
Merbury, Francis;
works: Marriage between Wit and Wisdom, 227, 228, 234–5, 271
mercantilism, 59, 65, 101–2, 198, 312–13, 314; see also trade
metaphor, 86, 212;
ale-related, 288–9;
‘life-as-theatre’, 9;
mirrors, 126;
‘world as theatre’ (theatrum mundi), 125, 135
meta-theatre, 16, 49, 79, 185, 188–9, 287, 483, 567, 658
metempsychosis, 168
Middleton, Thomas, 602
midwifery/midwives, 115
Miller, Anthony, 344
Mills, David, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 44–5, 100, 247
Milton, John, 44, 172
mime, 360, 558; see also dumb show
mimesis, 45, 118, 136, 138, 256, 285, 345
minstrels/minstrelsy, 180, 376, 389, 405
Mintz, Lawrence, 522
miracle plays, 55, 61, 167, 466
miracles, 55, 57, 63, 136, 432, 594
Mirk, John;
works: Festial, 77
Mirror for Magistrates, A, 460, 549–50, 620, 623–4, 626–9
‘mirrors for princes’, 193
misogyny, 73, 103, 189; see also women
(p. 681) mission/missionaries, 83, 86, 129, 259–60, 344;
proselytizing drama, 263
monasteries/nunneries, 78, 254, 503;
dissolution, 32, 608, 609, 637, 639, 642
monastic orders;
Benedictine, 28, 609;
Birgittine, 82, 86;
Carmelite, 56, 110, 500;
Carthusian, 86;
Cistercian, 76
monasticism, 86, 500, 617 n.47; see also asceticism
money lending, see usury
Montemagno, Buonaccorso da;
works: De Vera Nobilitate, 183, 195, 198
morality plays;
abstract characters, 310, 483;
demonizing of Catholicism, 310;
moral instruction, 310, 471;
normative agenda, 104;
typical structure, 264, 469–70, 475, 483, 501–2; see also allegory; vice figures; virtue figures
More, Thomas, 10, 12, 183, 198, 216, 271, 272;
works: The Confutation of Tyndale's Answer, 381;
‘Coronation Ode to Henry VIII’, 374;
A Dialogue of Comfort Against Tribulation, 312;
The Dialogue Concerning Heresies, 195;
History of King Richard III, 9, 13;
Utopia, 13, 197
Morison, Richard, 114–15, 510
Morley, Thomas;
works: A plaine and easie introduction to practicall musicke, 228
Morreall, John, 608–9
Morton, Cardinal John, 10, 14, 16, 181, 183
Moschovakis, Nicholas R., 665
Moses, 6, 168, 508;
Law of, 111, 113, 117, 501
mottoes, 334, 404, 405, 441, 527
Mottram, Stewart, 397
Mowat, Barbara A., 460
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 170;
works: Don Giovanni, 169
Mucedorus, 460
mulieres sanctae, 73, 73, 84
mummings, 15, 58, 59, 180, 466
Munday, Anthony, 227, 271
Mundus et Infans, 264, 266
Murad III, Sultan, 312
Murderous Michael, 636
music, 209–10, 225, 228, 230–1, 234–5, 238, 255, 389–90; see also song
Muslims/Islam, 311, 313, 594;
as ‘other’, 317;
representation of, 313;
‘turning Turk’, 312
mystery plays, 4, 61, 117–18, 120, 129, 132, 345, 466, 499, 501
myth/mythology, 55, 74, 324, 327–9, 429, 432, 435, 440, 442–3, 462 n.16, 540, 544
Nashe, Thomas, 447–8, 566, 567, 575;
works: The Unfortunate Traveller, 359
Nature, Law of, 111, 113, 117, 501
necromancy, 165, 623
Neely, Carol Thomas, 569
Nemesis figure, 527–9
Neuss, Paula, 491
New Custom, 267, 269
‘new’ drama, 127–9
New Testament, 6, 31, 251, 508;
Acts of the Apostles, 75, 259, 343;
1 Corinthians, 347;
Epistle to the Ephesians, 343, 347, 349;
Epistle to the Galatians, 265;
Epistle to the Romans, 265;
James, 40;
John, 37, 38, 39, 103;
1 John, 167;
Luke, 105;
Mark, 32, 105;
Matthew, 32, 105, 520;
Revelation, 37, 38, 536;
1 Timothy, 98, 167
Nice Wanton, 228, 234, 237,246–61, 264, 265
nobility, nature of, 183, 185, 189, 195, 197–8, 199, 201;
noble estate, 200
Norfolk, 357, 358, 361, 363
Norfolk rebellion, 363, 364
Norris, Henry, 216
North, Edward, 638–9, 642
Northumberland Household Book, 179
Norton, Thomas, and Sackville Thomas;
works: Gorboduc, 14, 16, 296, 297–8, 302, 448, 450–1, 511, 547–65, 657
Norwich, 110, 357, 364, 601–2, 638;
cycle plays, 1–4
Nosworthy, J. M., 262, 264, 460
novella form, 300
N-Town plays, 24, 32, 56, 61, 63, 167, 526;
Death of Herod, 590, 595
oaths, 271, 279, 404, 503, 588, 661
Oberer, Karen, 607, 608
obscenity, 14, 16, 189
(p. 682) Old Testament, 79, 120, 130, 251, 508, 577, 578;
Exodus, 120, 168;
Genesis, 3, 37, 38;
Job, 172;
1 Kings, 230;
Leviticus, 390;
Psalms, 526;
Song of Songs, 535
onomatopoeia, 196
Oporinus, Johannes, 127
Orgel, Stephen, 169–70
Origen, 46, 76
Orwin, Thomas, 165
Osiander, Andreas, 219
Osório de Fonseca, Jerónimo, 571, 573, 575–7, 579
Ottoman Empire, 312
Ovid, 302, 334–5, 535, 646, 649;
works: Amores, 324, 643;
Ars Amatoria, 324;
Fasti, 648;
Heroides, 324;
Metamorphoses, 538, 645, 648;
Tristia, 324
Oxford, 133–5, 238, 356–7, 359–60, 366–7, 601;
All Souls College, 532;
Christ Church, 294, 296, 601;
Merton College, 293, 305, 355;
St John's College, 440;
Trinity College, 305
pageants, 1–10, 182, 194, 209, 216, 329, 438, 466, 508, 551, 558–9;
and social order, 373–4, 383
Pandit, Lalita, 346
panegyric, 327, 330, 358
pantomime, 82, 163, 450, 451, 452; see also dumb show
parable, 343–4, 346;
prodigal son archetype, 247, 475
Paradise, 104, 130, 535;
expulsion from, 1, 2, 3; see also the Fall
Paris, Matthew, 504, 507, 611
parish, as theatrical space, 4, 5, 8, 9
Parker, Henry, 448
Parker, Matthew, 238
Parlement of the Thre Ages, The, 476
Parliament of Heaven, 211, 217, 525–7, 530 n.37
Parr, Katherine, 112, 227, 518
Parry, William, 604
Pasqualigo, Pietro, 468
pastiche, 227, 567
patriarchy;
discourse, 316;
violence, 73, 75; see also misogyny
patronage/patrons;
and audience, 181–2;
and authorship, 439–42;
literary, 72, 430, 467–8, 475, 479 n.17
Patterson, Michael, 460
Peacham, Henry, 653–4, 662
Peasants’ Revolt, 104, 606
Peele, George;
works: The Battle of Alcazar, 572;
The Old Wives’ Tale, 233, 460;
Titus Andronicus (with William Shakespeare), 540, 543
penance, 73–4, 82, 94, 98, 105, 155, 158, 249, 256, 607
penitence, 74–5, 116, 249, 257–8, 469, 590
Percy, Henry Algernon, 467
performance conditions/space, 7, 66, 178–81, 180–90, 208–9, 247, 498 n.22, 511, 584;
churches, 9, 57, 64, 67;
churchyards, 66, 386, 466;
great halls, 9, 10, 11, 177, 179–81, 186–7, 208, 640;
pageant wagons, 22, 36,46, 50, 52, 180, 181;
scaffolds, 9, 17 n.11, 57, 64, 65, 66, 67, 556–7; see also playhouses; play-world
perfume, 180, 418
Peter's Pence, 309
Petrarch;
works: Trionfi, 448
Philip II of Spain, 227, 344, 503, 517, 572
philosophy;
dialogue form, 195;
of friendship, 294–5;
humanist, 183;
moral, 300;
political, 217–18;
Neoplatonism, 325, 328;
Stoic, 583 n.36
Phyllida and Corin, 602
piety, 5, 28, 74, 99, 380, 664–5
pilgrimage, 94, 115, 343;
pilgrimage of life motif, 264, 266, 273
Pilgrimage of Grace, 276, 666
Pincombe, Mike, and Cathy Shrank, 15
Plato, 145, 149
Plautus;
works: Amphitruo, 338;
Menaechmi, 338, 421;
Miles Gloriosus, 324;
playhouses;
Bel Savage, 165;
Blackfriars, 180, 211, 277;
Curtain, 584;
Globe, 11, 180, 295;
Greenwich, 164, 604;
Lyceum, 167;
Newington Butts, 584;
Red Lion, 584, 585;
Shoreditch, 8;
The Theatre, 584, 587
playing space, see performance space
play-world, 125, 332, 334, 347, 567;
and real world, 186–7, 188, 330, 331
Pliny the Elder;
works: Natural History, 201, 202
Plutarch;
works: Lives, 573
Poel, William, 167
poetry, 170, 306, 330, 490–3, 496, 533, 541, 544, 620;
blank verse, 447, 547, 561;
coronation, 393;
dream poetry, 535;
posies, 442;
rhyme, 178, 568;
rhyme royal, 485, 491;
rhythm, 586;
rules of, 431–2
Pole, Richard de la, 467, 470, 473
political drama, 417–20, 437, 515–16, 547–65, 619–34; see also social commentary
polyphony, 357
Ponet, John;
works: Short Treatise of Politic Power, 636
Pontius Pilate, 31, 32, 39, 79, 589, 666
popular culture, 5, 109, 112–16, 120, 447–9
Porter, Henry;
works: Two Angry Women of Abingdon, 646
Portugal, 312, 570, 571–3, 574
poverty, 28;
as aid to spirituality, 105, 249
Power, Amanda, 356
power, drama of, 377–9
prayer;
Ave Maria, 85;
for the dead and dying, 101, 380–2;
and fasting, 156;
invocation, 135;
for monarchs, 262–3;
prayerfulness, 82;
and salvation, 105;
self-purification, 150, 152–3
preaching, 77, 129, 139, 269, 311, 500, 575;
evangelism, 73, 110;
women, 83, 85–6; see also sermons
predestination, 99, 265, 267, 459
Preston, Thomas;
works: Cambises, 296, 448, 450
Pride of Life, The, 104, 466
Prideaux, Thomas, 225
print culture, 30, 238, 244 n.77, 650
prologues;
convention, 177–8;
function, 3, 11, 125–7, 185, 283, 331
propaganda, 182, 510, 601, 614
prophecy, 73, 558;
prophetic dream (oraculum), 533, 534
prosody, 41, 112, 254, 255, 606
protestantism;
attacks on Eucharistic practice, 62, 167;
confessional divide, 5, 587;
criticism of religious drama, 3, 129, 136;
denunciation of superstition, 100–1, 526;
martyrs, 137–9, 144, 148–9;
radical, 575, 586;
reformers, 29, 128, 508;
suspicion of visual culture, 510;
suppression of, 517;see also Calvinism; puritanism; Reformation
proverbs;
classical, 12–13;
and education, 295;
on idleness, 235;
on moral behaviour, 260;
on wealth, 485, 491;
and wisdom, 296–7, 302, 305–6;
on youth, 477
Prudentius, 466
psychomachia, 77, 166, 466, 469, 473
Ptolemaic astronomy, 326
Pullman, Philip, 44
puns/punning, 64, 170, 214, 330, 485, 660
Purgatory, 98, 101, 380–3, 499, 505, 506
puritanism, 5, 15, 129, 138, 161, 162, 167, 344, 586, 664;
opposition to theatres, 270
Puttenham, George;
works: Art of English Poesy, 470
Pynson, Richard, 93
Pythagoras, 304
Quilligan, Maureen, 267
Quinn, Paul, 612
Quintillian, Marcus Fabius, 216
Quran, 594, 596
Rabelais, François;
works: Pantagruel, 360
race, 311–14; see also Jews; Muslims/Islam
Raleigh, Sir Walter;
works: ‘On the Life of Man’, 9
Raman, Shankar, 347, 349
Ramsay, R. L., 488
Rare Triumphs of Love and Fortune, The, 446–62;
disputed authorship, 461 n.1
Rasmussen, Eric, 163, 164
Rastall, Richard, 231
(p. 684) Rastell, John 12, 411, 482, 484, 485, 504;
works: The Abbreuiacion of Statutes, 195;
Exposiciones terminorum legume anglorum, 195;
The Four Elements, 194, 195, 200, 201, 233, 234, 236;
Gentleness and Nobility, 192–206, 476;
Liber Assisarum, 199, 200;
A New Book of Purgatory, 193, 195
Rastell, William, 194, 195, 200, 208, 484, 485
Raynald, Thomas, 248, 249
redemption, 60, 102, 117, 264
Redman, John, 411
Redwood, John, 225–6;
works: Wit and Science, 22445
Reformation;
ambiguous attitude to drama, 2–3;
anti-catholic drama, 30, 130–1, 310;
anticlericalism, 608–9;
attack on witchcraft/superstition, 165–6;
divisive nature of, 5;
and national identity, 310–11, 344;
proselytizing drama, 262;
transformed Christianity, 99;
view of Church history, 128;
as youth movement, 269
Reid-Schwartz, Alexandra, 62
Renaissance;
allegory of ‘rebirth’, 534, 535, 543;
art discourse, 127;
humanism, 13;
interpretation of nature, 433;
as literary movement, 531;
love and friendship literature, 325;
and the ‘medieval’, 16–17;
as ‘myth’, 543;
and tragedy, 532, 543, 548;
tragicomedy, 128
repentance;
convention of morality plays, 264, 469;
of Mary Magdalene, 81–2;
and salvation, 99–100, 151, 168, 258, 380
Respublica, 514–30
revels, 180, 405–12, 430, 446, 475, 557, 656;
revels accounts, 403, 408; see also Christmas celebrations
Reynolds, Bryan, and Henry S. Turner, 357
Reynolds, John;
works: A Defence of the Judgment of the Reformed Churches, 638
rhetoric, 62, 86,113, 166, 183, 188, 301, 566, 573, 575–6;
conventions of, 288;
and education, 202, 216, 295;
humanist, 127;
protestant, 144;
and punning, 64;
and satire, 57;
staged debate, 358–9;
tropes, 285, 398;
and virtue, 13
Rhodes, Neil, 295
Richard I, 505
Richard II, 172, 623, 624
Richard III, 181, 374, 378, 503
Richard, Duke of York, 72
Ridley, Nicholas, 134
Riggs, David, 162
Rightwise, John, 230
Roger of Wendover, 504
Rogers, David;
works: Breviary, 25
Rogers, Owen, 249
Roman Empire, 30, 31
romance;
chivalric, 351, 431, 440;
Christian, 343;
comedy, 448, 458;
court, 450;
form, 84, 233, 352, 460;
medieval, 132, 328, 434;
tradition, 429
Rome, 131, 135, 402, 653, 661–3, 667
Rowley, Thomas, 163
Royal Commission on the Exchanges, 316
royal entries, 32, 373, 378, 389, 416, 432, 438, 466
royal progresses, 39, 296, 328–9, 332, 358–60, 429–45
Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), 164
Rutter, Carol Chillington, 355
Rutter, Jason, 522
Ryan, Lawrence V., 575
sadism/sadistic spectatorship, 542, 543, 544
Saenger, Michael Baird, 460
St Bartholomew's Day Massacre, 664
St Paul's boys, see choristers
St Paul's Cathedral, 226, 232, 373, 376–80, 382, 393, 395, 418; see also choristers
saints, 4, 103, 182, 505;
Agatha, 73;
Anne, 219, 386, 394, 396, 397;
Barbara, 73;
Bernard of Clairvaux, 525;
Birgitta of Sweden, 73;
Catherine of Siena, 73, 85;
Cecilia, 73;
Frideswide, 73;
Katherine of Alexandria, 73;
Lucy, 73;
Margaret of Antioch, 73;
Mary of Egypt, 73;
Perpetua, 73; see also hagiography
Salluste, Guillaume de, 573
Salter, F. M., 24
(p. 685) salvation, 85, 168, 182, 184, 249, 380, 483–4, 595;
and carnal desire, 145;
dialectic with damnation, 162, 171, 595;
and good deeds, 93, 98–101, 105, 116, 152, 255, 257–9, 263, 382–3;
Sampson, Bishop Richard, 264
satire, 117, 208, 217, 359, 366, 468, 473, 488, 519, 522
Savile, Henry, 355, 358, 359
scaffold confessions, 638, 641
Scarry, Elaine, 171
Scherb, Victor, 82, 86
schools, see education
Scot, Reginald;
works: The Discouerie of Witchcraft, 165–6, 171
Scrots, William, 212
Sebastian, King of Portugal, 572, 573, 574–5
Segar, William, 439
Seldon, John, 218
Seneca, 14, 459, 548, 567, 569;
works: Thyestes, 462 n.16
sermons, 5, 76–7, 94, 311, 315, 374–6, 379–80
sexual desire, 169–70, 325, 644, 667
sexual innuendo, 83, 211, 213–14, 220
Seymour, Edward, 548
Seymour, Jane, 227
Shakespeare, William, 12, 13, 16, 55, 165–6, 172, 271, 293, 335, 344, 499–500, 585, 605, 648–9;
works: The Comedy of Errors, 5, 7–8, 338–54, 650;
Cymbelene, 460, 461, 643;
Hamlet, 568, 569, 576, 578, 583 n.36;
1 Henry IV, 383, 492;
Henry V, 11, 621;
1 Henry VI, 650;
2 Henry VI, 619–34, 648;
Henry VIII (with John Fletcher), 348;
King John, 511, 599, 604, 612, 613;
King Lear, 50, 295, 548, 576, 577;
Love's Labour's Lost, 356, 359;
Macbeth, 646;
Measure for Measure, 319;
The Merchant of Venice, 310, 320;
The Merry Wives of Windsor, 356;
Midsummer Night's Dream, 113;
Much Ado About Nothing, 609;
Pericles, 84, 343;
Richard III, 511, 612, 646–7, 648;
The Taming of the Shrew, 648, 650;
The Tempest, 167, 461;
Titus Andronicus (with George Peele), 540, 543, 650, 653–68;
Twelfth Night, 16, 123, 124, 125, 608;
Two Gentlemen of Verona, 650;
The Two Noble Kinsmen, 296;
Winter's Tale, 84
Shapiro, Michael, 212, 248
Sharpe, Kevin, 390
Shenk, Linda, 359, 360
Shepard, Alexandra, 476
Sider, John, 605
Sidney, Sir Philip, 11,13–14, 522;
works: Apology for Poetry, 13;
Astrophil and Stella, 460;
The Lady of May, 330
Sikorska, Liliana, 469, 471, 473
Simpson, James, 15, 194, 656
sin, 46–8, 50, 82–3, 99, 168, 253, 258, 270, 327, 471, 476–7, 483;
and class mobility, 104;
consequences of, 251, 255–6;
Original Sin, 75, 104;
Seven Deadly Sins, 101, 167, 169, 184, 484;
Singer, John, 603, 605
Skelton, John, 11, 28, 56, 218, 606, 667;
works: ‘Agenst Garnesche’, 366;
The Bowge of Court, 488;
Collyn Clout, 197;
A Garland of Laurel, 488, 493;
Magnificence, 214, 263, 476, 482–98, 518, 620, 621, 628, 659, 661, 662:
use of language, 490–3;
Speke Parott, 489, 496
Skot, Richard, 93
Smith, Thomas, 199;
works: De Republica Anglorum, 622, 626, 627, 629;
Discourse of the Common Weal of this Realm of England, 523, 626, 630
Smith, Thomas, mayor of Chester, 26, 199
Smuts, Malcolm, 389
social commentary, 187, 192, 194;
good counsel, 548, 551, 559–61; see also ceremony; common weal
sodomy, 109, 114, 115, 162, 287–8
song, 1–2, 228, 246, 270, 328, 331–2, 364, 389–90, 412, 450; see also choristers
Sophocles;
works: Antigone, 667
soteriology, 98
soul, 78, 86, 101, 102, 105, 202, 595;
three powers, 254; see also body; death; salvation
South English Legendary, 77
Southern, Richard, 187, 473
(p. 686) Spanish Armada, 318, 328, 344, 432, 437, 570, 572, 609
Spelman, John, 391
Spenser, Edmund, 429, 442;
works: The Fairie Queene, 330, 460
Spikes, Judith Doolin, 272
Spinelli, Gasparo, 403–6, 411–12, 414–17, 420–1
Spottiswoode, James;
works: The Execution of Neschech and the confining of his Kinsman Tarbith, 315
stage-craft, 3, 38, 52, 163, 280, 283–4, 333, 446–8, 473–4, 494–6, 643, 645;
disguise, 238;
props, 247, 291 n.33, 447, 474, 495;
pyrotechnics, 359;
screens, 11, 179, 186–7, 208–10, 280, 283, 405–6, 408, 418, 555;
sound-effects, 284;
special effects, 55, 331, 519, 604;
trap doors, 447, 449, 450, 561, 607, 645; see also costume; performance space
Stanbridge, John, 236
Star Chamber, 30
Stephen, King of England, 640
stereotypes, 4, 28, 59, 74–5, 81, 192, 279–80, 320, 363
Stevenson, William, 277–81, 285, 325
Stow, John, 363;
works: Summarie of Englyshe Chronicles, 636
Strohm, Paul, 623
Stuart, Henry, Lord Darnley, 216
Suffolk, 57, 110, 361, 363
suicide, 144–5, 153–6, 158, 246, 256, 391, 483, 567
superhero, 586
superstition, 3, 27, 100–1, 109, 113–15, 165, 526, 637
Suso, Henrich;
works: Horologium sapientiae (Seven Points of True Wisdom), 77
Swinburne, Algernon Charles, 648
symbolism, 25;
and allegory, 3;
Christian, 57, 62, 69, 75, 664;
and costume, 184, 404;
of funerals, 378–9;
Old Testament, 577;
of peace, 408;
staging technique, 333
tableaux, 68, 81, 86, 163, 386, 508, 560–1, 589, 592;
tableau vivant, 394, 396, 414; see also dumb show
Tancred and Gismond, 459
tapestries, 103, 179–80, 404, 408, 411, 476, 526;
Story of King David, 418–19;
use in pageants, 389, 394
Tarleton, Richard, 602, 605, 606, 607, 608
taxation, 30–1, 276, 374, 639, 641;
customs duty, 312
temptation, 101, 264, 471;
and civic virtue, 81;
sexual, 73, 77, 170;
the World, the Flesh, and the Devil, 79–81, 333
Tennenhouse, Leonard, 247, 248, 249
Terence;
‘Christian Terence’, 127, 128, 129;
works: Eunuchus, 324;
Phormio, 230, 421
theatres, 8–12, 13–14, 15;
closure/control of, 12, 585, 587;
as performance space, 9–10, 11, 15, 584; see also playhouses
Thersytes, 16
Thevet, André, 572, 573
Thomas, Helen S., 263, 269, 270
Thomas of Ireland;
works: Manipulus florum, 296
Thomson, Peter, 602
Thorne, John, 225
three estates, 192
Three Marys, conflation of the, 74, 75
Three Plays in One, 602
Tide Tarrieth for No Man, The, 3–4
Tilney, Edmund, 605
tilts/tiltyards, 189, 431, 553;
Accession Day Tilts, 430, 439–40, 443;
at Greenwich Palace, 402, 404, 407, 410–11, 416, 419
Tiptoft, John, 183, 195, 198
tithes/tithing, 29, 31
torture, 63, 161, 171, 540, 628, 658
Tottell, Richard, 535
Tower of London, 373, 379, 386, 388, 389, 391
Towneley plays/cycle, 24;
Judgement, 100;
Second Shepherds’ Play, 4, 115, 187, 345
trade, 310–13, 316, 344, 473;
Anglo-Ottoman, 321 n.14;
Anglo-Persian, 312, 321 n.14
Tragedie of Soliman and Perseda, The, 459, 577
and comedy, 163;
domestic, 635;
form, 15, 112, 446, 450–7;
‘humanist’, 542–4;
Renaissance, 532, 543, 548;
Senecan, 532, 537–8, 541, 544
tragic hero, 154, 172, 590
tragicomedy, 128, 298, 302
transubstantiation, 61, 63, 263
Traver, Hope, 526
Trial of Treasure, The, 227
Troublesome Reign of King John, The, 500, 599–618
Tudor, Margaret, 548
Tudor, Mary, 138, 405
Tunstall, Cuthbert, 404, 413, 418
Turkey, 312, 315
Turner, Robert Y., 451
Tusser, Thomas, 226, 228, 238, 244 n.75
Twycroft, Meg, 188
Tydeman, William, 278
Tyndale, William, 248, 506;
works: The Obedience of a Christian Man, 504
Udall, Nicholas, 226, 387, 389, 391–4, 396, 397–8, 470, 517–18, 528;
works: Ralph Roister Doister, 230, 325
universities, see Cambridge; Oxford
Urswick, Christopher, 377
usury, 309, 310–11, 313–16, 319;
gendered threat of, 316–18; see also Jews
van Diest, Peter;
works: Elckerlijc, 93, 100
van Elk, Martine, 342, 343, 344, 350, 351
Vele, Abraham, 262, 263
Veraccio, Pandulph, 602
Vergil, Polydore;
works: Anglia Historia, 374, 504, 507
vice, 111, 184, 244 n.72, 265, 374, 475–6, 486, 488, 496
vice figures, 234–5, 516–17, 658–63;
dramatic action, 112, 214–15;
function, 6–7, 50, 270–1, 502;
gendered, 228;
practice of deception, 274 n.15, 485, 488–9, 514, 520–1, 524, 661;
relationship with audience, 474;
speech patterns, 470–1;
traditional, 194
violence, 55;
patriarchal, 73, 75,
Virgil, 393, 394, 395, 397, 535
Virgin Mary, 60, 75–6, 84–5, 99, 103–4, 130, 219, 396
virtue, 185, 203, 393;
humanist ideal, 185;
virtuous example, 302
virtue figures, 7, 50, 149;
allegorical, 525–6;
association with age, 477;
dramatic action, 102–3, 466, 469;
political, 514, 527, 554;
speech patterns, 470;
traditional, 184–5
Vives, Juan Luis, 236
Voigts, Linda, 59
Voragine, Jacobus de;
works: Legenda aurea, 77
Vulpe, Vincent, 411
Wager, Lewis, 75
Wakefield cycles, 130;
Mactatio Abel, 167
Waley, John, 477
Walker, Greg, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 211,220, 221, 277, 366, 417, 503, 509, 523, 524, 528
Walsh, Brian, 608
Walsingham, Francis, 599, 602, 608, 614
Warner, J. Christopher, 263
Wars of Religion, 573
Wars of the Roses, 181, 183
Watkins, John, 104
wealth;
corrupting influence of, 101–2, 104–5, 249, 310, 473;
and magnificence, 378, 388–9, 394, 402, 412, 416, 418, 421, 485–6, 494;
‘natural’ vs. ‘unnatural’ gain, 315–16;
and social advancement, 183, 475–6;
sumptuary law, 105, 472
Weimann, Robert, 186
Werstine, Paul, 460
West, William N., 345, 350
Westcott, Sebastian, 211, 226,227, 229, 230
Westfall, Suzanne, 180, 194, 467, 468, 475
Westminster Abbey, 377, 379, 381, 382, 386, 389
Whetstone, George, 573
White, Edward, 446, 635, 636, 641
(p. 688) White, Paul Whitfield, 2, 3, 247, 262, 264, 270, 604
Whitehall, 209, 293, 390, 548, 561, 602
Whitgift, John, 362–3, 587
Whitsun plays, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, 29
Whittington, Robert, 236
Whythorne, Thomas, 238
Wickham, Glynne, 183
Wildeman, John, 411
Willes, Richard, 312
Wilson, F. P., 446
Wilson, Richard, 169
Wilson, Robert, 605;
works: The Three Ladies of London, 309–22;
The Three Lords and Three Ladies of London, 309, 318–20
Wilson, Thomas;
works: The Arte of Rhetorique, 279–80;
A Discourse on Usury, 314
Winkelman, Michael, 523
Winston, Jessica, 550
Wisdom who is Christ, 10, 56, 72–92, 104, 182, 184, 254, 255, 466, 470
witchcraft, 114, 115, 165–6, 433
Withington, Phil, 196
Wolsey, Cardinal Thomas, 217–18, 230, 403–4, 410, 421, 484, 494
women;
authority, 460;
battle of the sexes, 317;
as consumers, 313, 316;
dominance over men, 318;
education, 254;
female identity, 74;
gender division, 311;
gendered frailty, 74;
passivity, 75;
prescribed roles, 316–17, 460;
promiscuity, 74, 255, 313, 316–18;
renunciation of sexuality, 73;
restrictions on, 115;
spiritual virginity, 73
Womersley, David, 509
woodcuts, 194, 334, 391, 476–7, 610–12, 613, 617 n.43, 641
Woodville, Elizabeth, 374
Woodward, Jennifer, 378–9
Woolf, Rosemary, 46, 48
Wootton, David, 165
word-play, 50, 330, 346, 365
Worde, Wynken de, 391
World and the Child, The, 490
Wyatt, Henry, 412
Wyatt's Rebellion, 517
Wycliffe, John, 91 n.35
Wycliffites, 117
Wyndesore, Andrew, 377
Yates, Francis, 434
York, 1, 2, 4, 17, 24, 32, 130, 180, 600, 601;
Corpus Christi plays, 1, 11, 15, 16, 21, 28, 36–54, 187–8;
Crucifixion pageant, 5–6, 7, 8, 50, 658;
Joseph's Trouble about Mary, 4
Yorkshire Tragedy, A, 635
Youth, 264, 266, 333, 465–81, 490
Zeno, 579
Žižek, Slavoj, 656
Zwingli, Ulrich, 248